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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
5-HT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Abortifacient
Chemicals (3)
ARBORININE
GRAVEOLININE
SKIMMIANINE
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Adrenostimulant
Chemicals (1)
SKIMMIANINE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
RUTIN IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
HERNIARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity)
QUERCETIN 100 uM
RUTIN 100 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=6.2 ug/ml cow
UMBELLIFERONE IC50=4.8 ug/ml cow
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN IC89=2 mM
UMBELLIFERONE IC94=2 mM
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
HERNIARIN
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
METHYL-SALICYLATE
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
Anaphrodisiac
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (3)
GUAIACOL
PHENOL
SCOPOLETIN
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Anthelmintic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
2-UNDECANONE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=65 uM
XANTHOTOXIN IC50=2.5 uM
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BERGAPTEN
DICTAMNINE
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
RUTIN ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
QUERCETIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
HERNIARIN
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
RUTIN
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
QUERCETIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiapertif
Chemicals (1)
BERGAPTEN
Antiapoplectic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiappetant
Chemicals (1)
ISOPIMPINELLIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
SCOPOLETIN
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antibacterial
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
ANISIC-ACID MBC=800 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID
DICTAMNINE
GUAIACOL 8,000 ppm
HERNIARIN 100 ppm
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN
Antibronchoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
RUTIN
Anticapillary-Fragility Merck 7th Ed.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 20-100 mg orl man
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (1)
DAPHNORETIN IC97=3 mg/kg
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticholinergic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BERGAPTEN
RUTIN
SKIMMIANINE
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 270 mg/man/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
Antidementia
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
RUTIN
Antidepressant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
PSORALEN IC50=15-62 uM
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (4)
GUAIACOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
SKIMMIANINE
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
GUAIACOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
RUTIN 270 mg/day orl man
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antierythemic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BYAKANGELICIN
QUERCETIN
Antiexudative Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ARBORININE 3 mg/kg scu rat
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antifeedant
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ISOPIMPINELLIN
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Antifertility Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHALEPENSIN
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID 300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigastritic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
RUTIN 60 mg/day
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BYAKANGELICIN
QUERCETIN
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
Antihematuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
RUTIN
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihepatotoxic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
RUTIN
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (9)
ARBORININE
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
BERGAPTEN 25 mg/kg ipr mus
BYAKANGELICIN 25 mg/kg ipr mus
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
RUTIN
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihydrocoele Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antiincontinence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiinflammatory Planta Medica, 56(6): 660, 1990.
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ARBORININE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BERGAPTEN
BETA-PINENE
ISOPIMPINELLIN 100 ppm
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
METHYL-SALICYLATE
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
RUTIN 20 mg/kg
SCOPOLETIN ED 1-10 ug/ear
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN 20 mg/man/day
Antijet-lag Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BERGAPTEN
Antikeratotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antileucodermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
Antileukodermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BERGAPTEN
PSORALEN
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antileukotrienogenic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antilipogenic
Chemicals (2)
BYAKANGELICIN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
XANTHOTOXIN 600 ug/kg +PUVA (extracorporeal)
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimalarial Khalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ARBORININE IC50=8.5 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=>100 ug/ml
SKIMMIANINE IC50=48.2 ug/ml
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimitotic Gawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Chemicals (5)
BERGAPTEN 5-25 ug/ml
ISOPIMPINELLIN 5-25 ug/ml
PSORALEN
UMBELLIFERONE 5-25 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN 5-25 ug/ml
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
Antimutagenic Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
RUTIN ID50=2-5 nM
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN
Antimycotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
LIMONENE
Antionychogryphotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
PHENOL
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
RUTIN IC28=30 ppm
SCOPOLETIN
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN IC50=10-20 uM
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipityriasic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (2)
BERGAPTEN
RUTIN
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN 10 nM
RUTIN 50-75 uM/l
SCOPOLETIN
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Antiprotozoal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipruritic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antipsoriac
Chemicals (4)
BERGAPTEN
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
SKIMMIANINE
Antipyruvetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiradicular O'Connell, M.J., Webster, N.R. 1989. Hyperoxia and salicylate metabolism in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 205-206, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RUTIN 9 x quercetin
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
ANISIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
ANISIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiscleromyxoedemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Antiseptic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (12)
2-NONANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
ANISIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
BETA-PINENE
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PHENOL
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
ARBORININE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BERGAPTEN
BETA-PINENE
GRAVEOLININE
HERNIARIN
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
RUTAMARIN 20 x papaverine
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN
Antispastic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
HERNIARIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN EC50=500 nM
Antithyroid
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=68 uM
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
RUTIN 100 mg/kg
Antitubercular Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ISOPIMPINELLIN
MALIC-ACID
PSORALEN
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (9)
BERGAPTEN
DAPHNORETIN ED50 {KB}=43
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN 10 uM
RUTAMARIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN 2.9 ug/ml
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (4)
PSORALEN IC13=50 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
XANTHOTOXIN IC24=50 ug/ml
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antivaricose
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiviral Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
DICTAMNINE
LIMONENE
PHENOL
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
RUTIN
Antivitiligic
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN 20 mg/man/day
Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
RUTIN 75 uM/l
SCOPOLETIN
Artemicide Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Chemicals (2)
PSORALEN LC50=5.93 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN LC50=5.93 ug/ml
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteriophagicide de Vries, D. J. and Blumberg, P. M., Thermoregulatory effects of resiniferatoxin in the mouse: comparison with capsaicin, Life Sciences, 44, 1989, 711-715.
Chemicals (1)
PSORALEN
Bacteristat
Chemicals (2)
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Bufocide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BERGAPTEN
BYAKANGELICIN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
PSORALEN
XANTHOTOXIN IC50=551 uM gpg
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Cancer-Preventive Gawron, A. and Glowniak, K. 1987. Cytostatic Activity of Coumarins in vitro. Planta Medica 1987: 526.
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BERGAPTEN 5-25 ug/ml
ISOPIMPINELLIN 5-25 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
OLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE 5-25 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN 5-25 ug/ml
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
BETA-PINENE
HERNIARIN 100 ppm
QUERCETIN
SKIMMIANINE
UMBELLIFERONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BERGAPTEN
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
Cardiodepressant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
DICTAMNINE
GUAIACOL
Carminative
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Catabolic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
RUTIN
Cholagogue Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Chemicals (2)
HERNIARIN
SCOPOLETIN
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
SCOPOLETIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BERGAPTEN
CNS-Depressant Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BERGAPTEN
HELIOXANTHIN
PHENOL
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Contraceptive
Chemicals (1)
PSORALEN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=3 uM
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (5)
PSORALEN ED50=2-30 ug/ml
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
RUTAMARIN
SCOPOLETIN
XANTHOTOXIN ED50=7-29 ug/ml
Cytotoxic (Breast) Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Chemicals (2)
PSORALEN ED50=2.21 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN ED50=7.21 ug/ml
Cytotoxic (Colon) Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Chemicals (2)
PSORALEN ED50=26.84 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN ED50=29.46 ug/ml
Cytotoxic (Lung) Saqib, Q. N., Hui, Y. H., Anderson, J. E. and McLaughlin, J. L. 1990. Bioactive Furanocoumarins from the Berries of Zanthoxylum americanum. Phytotherapy Research 4(6): 216-219.
Chemicals (2)
PSORALEN ED50=30.38 ug/ml
XANTHOTOXIN ED50=28.99 ug/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Dermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
XANTHOTOXIN
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
ISOPIMPINELLIN 125 mg/kg
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
BERGAPTEN IC50=96 uM
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
DICTAMNINE
DNA-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTAMARIN
Ecbolic
Chemicals (3)
ARBORININE
GRAVEOLININE
SKIMMIANINE
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
GUAIACOL
PHENOL
XANTHOTOXIN
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Expectorant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
GUAIACOL 0.3-0.6 ml/man
LIMONENE
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
ETHYL-VALERATE FEMA 5-250
GUAIACOL FEMA <1-1
ISOVALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-16
LIMONENE
METHYL-SALICYLATE FEMA 70-8,000
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
PROPIONIC-ACID FEMA 1-36,000
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
Fungicide
Chemicals (11)
DICTAMNINE
HERNIARIN 100 ppm
ISOPIMPINELLIN
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PHENOL
PROPIONIC-ACID 2,500-36,000
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
SCOPOLETIN 2 mM
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN IC85=1,000 ppm
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
XANTHOTOXIN EC50=21.6 ug/ml
Genotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
PSORALEN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
PHENOL 5,400 ppm
Hemopoietic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Hemostat
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
RUTIN 20,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
HERNIARIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg rat
SCOPOLETIN
XANTHOTOXIN IC50=2.5 uM
Herbicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
SCOPOLETIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Herpetifuge
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Hirudicide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
2-UNDECANONE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
SKIMMIANINE
Hypertrichotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOTOXIN
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
RUTIN
STEARIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
SCOPOLETIN
Hypotensive Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
BERGAPTEN
PSORALEN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
Hypothermic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (1)
SKIMMIANINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
RUTIN
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Insecticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
BERGAPTEN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
PSORALEN
RUTIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
GUAIACOL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
OLEIC-ACID
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
RUTIN
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
GUAIACOL
ISOBUTYRIC-ACID
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE
OLEIC-ACID
PROPIONIC-ACID
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
RUTIN IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (3)
BERGAPTEN
LIMONENE
XANTHOTOXIN
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
RUTIN IC75=2.5 mM
UMBELLIFERONE
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PSORALEN IC50=15 uM
QUERCETIN
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PSORALEN IC50=62 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (4)
BERGAPTEN
CHALEPENSIN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Mutagenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BERGAPTEN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Myocontractant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
DICTAMNINE
Myoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
Myotonic
Chemicals (1)
SKIMMIANINE
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
2-UNDECANONE
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
OLEIC-ACID
PROPIONIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
UMBELLIFERONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (26)
2-NONANONE
2-UNDECANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
ANISIC-ACID
ARBORININE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BERGAPTEN
BETA-PINENE
CHALEPENSIN
DICTAMNINE
GUAIACOL
HERNIARIN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PALMITIC-ACID
PHENOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
PSORALEN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SKIMMIANINE
UMBELLIFERONE
XANTHOTOXIN
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photoactive
Chemicals (3)
DICTAMNINE
HERNIARIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Photocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
PSORALEN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Phototoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BERGAPTEN
DICTAMNINE
PSORALEN
SKIMMIANINE
Phytoalexin
Chemicals (3)
PSORALEN
SCOPOLETIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BERGAPTEN
ISOPIMPINELLIN
XANTHOTOXIN
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Propecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL IC50=57 uM
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 6 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Rodenticide
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL LD50=1,040 cut rat
Rubefacient Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
PROPIONIC-ACID
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
SKIMMIANINE
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Sunscreen Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
UMBELLIFERONE
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Hu, C. Q., Lee, K. S. 1992. Coumarins From the Roots of Seseli mairei and Inhibition of DNA Topoisomerase II Activity. Tianran Chanwu Yanjiu Yu Kaifa, 4: 6-10.
Chemicals (3)
PSORALEN ID50=10 mM
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=1 ug/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
Transdermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
GUAIACOL
ISOBUTYRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ANISIC-ACID ID50=680 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uterocontractant
Chemicals (2)
DICTAMNINE
SKIMMIANINE
Uterosedative Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Vasodilator
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SKIMMIANINE
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
UMBELLIFERONE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.