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ActivityReference
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=22-50 uM/l
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=0.155 mM/l
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
GOSSYPETIN IC60-90=333 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=0.216 mM/l
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (5)
ARBUTIN IC51=1.1 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN IC100=1 mM
MYRICETIN IC82=1 mM
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anabolic
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN IC94=200 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antibacterial
Chemicals (10)
ARBUTIN MIC=4,000-8,000 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN MIC=>1,000 ug/ml
GOSSYPETIN
MYRICETIN MIC=20-500 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
EPICATECHIN 1/2 aspirin
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN 30 mg/kg rat
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN 30 mg/kg rat
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ARBUTIN 50 mg/kg
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
MYRICETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antigastric
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
MYRICETIN
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (8)
(+)-CATECHIN EC50=4 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperglycemic
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (10)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
FRIEDELIN 30 mg/kg
MYRICETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
(-)-EPICATECHIN
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN IC50=>10 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (3)
ARBUTIN IC50=40 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (11)
(+)-CATECHIN ID50=50-100 nM
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
GOSSYPETIN
MYRICETIN ID50=2-5 nM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
ALPHA-AMYRIN
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (13)
(+)-CATECHIN
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
EPICATECHIN IC50=6.3 ug/ml
GOSSYPETIN
MALVIN
MYRICETIN IC99=200 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
UVAOL IC47=10 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=6.3 ug/ml
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
EPICATECHIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (2)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=40-943 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiseptic
Chemicals (4)
ARBUTIN 60-200 mg/man
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 73.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN MIC=4,000-8,000 ppm
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antithyrotoxic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
UVAOL IC50=30->30 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
(-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
MYRICETIN 60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Bactericide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN MIC 250 ug/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker Zhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN 10 uM (weak activity)
(+)-GALLOCATECHIN 10 uM
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 uM
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
(+)-CATECHIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Candidicide Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (4)
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
MYRICETIN MIC=150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
TANNIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
EPICATECHIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Choline-Sparing Singleton, V.L. 1981. Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants: Phenolic Substances of Plant Origin Common in Foods. Advances in Food Research 27: 149-217.
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=183-279 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN IC50=546-5,910 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CATECHIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (6)
(+)-CATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
UVAOL 100-200 ppm
(-)-EPICATECHIN TC50=>100 ug/ml
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ARBUTIN 60-200 mg/man
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FRIEDELIN
MYRICETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Fungicide
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (7)
(+)-CATECHIN
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
MYRICETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
ACETYLANDROMEDOL 5-10 ug/kg ivn dog
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (4)
(+)-CATECHIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN
Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MYRICETIN IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg diet
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=60 mM
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
EPICATECHIN IC50=140 uM
GOSSYPETIN IC50 (uM)=10
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
UVAOL
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=140 uM
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mutagenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Mycoplasmistat Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN 1-10 uM
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
(+)-CATECHIN IC11=250 uM
EPICATECHIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Pancreatogenic
Chemicals (2)
EPICATECHIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN IC50=0.181 ug/ml
Pesticide
Chemicals (10)
ARBUTIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EPICATECHIN
GOSSYPETIN
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
(-)-EPICATECHIN
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GOSSYPETIN
MALVIN
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Prooxidant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN 36 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (1)
(-)-EPICATECHIN 10 ng/ml
Sedative
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EPICATECHIN
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN IC50=40 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Urinary-Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARBUTIN
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
(+)-CATECHIN
Vasodilator McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN uM
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (5)
(+)-CATECHIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
EPICATECHIN IC50=>40
TANNIN
(-)-EPICATECHIN IC50=>40
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.