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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antioxidant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (5)
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
ISOMENTHONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL ED50=0.033 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
SABINENE
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Candidicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL #NAME?
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Expectorant Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insecticide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Bowers, W.S., Ortego, F., You, X., and Evans, P.H. Insect Repellents From The Chinese Prickly Ash Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Journal of Natural Products, 56(6): 935-938, 1993.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.