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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Antibacterial Chalchat, J.C. et Garry, R.P.*, Bastide, P., Fabre, F. et Malhuret, R. Correlation Composition Chimique/Activite Antimicrobienne: V - Contribution a la Comparaison de 2 Methodes de Determination Des Cmi. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 25: 184-193.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL ED50=0.033 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Analgesic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Insecticide Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
THYMOL
Antifeedant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
THYMOL
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
ISOMENTHONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
SABINENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL #NAME?
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.