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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
Antibacterial
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PIPERITENONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Sedative Ortiz de Urbina, A.V., Martin*, M.L., Montero, M.J., Moran, A., and San Roman, L. 1988. Sedating and Antipyretic Activity of the Essential Oil of Calamintha sylvatica subsp. Ascendens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 25: 165-171, 1989.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
SABINENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Antifeedant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHONE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Anticholinesterase Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (2)
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHONE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Choleretic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
ISOMENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.