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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
PIPERITONE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
LIMONENE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHENE
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (1)
ISOMENTHONE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
SABINENE
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
Fungicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Ortiz de Urbina, A.V., Martin*, M.L., Montero, M.J., Moran, A., and San Roman, L. 1988. Sedating and Antipyretic Activity of the Essential Oil of Calamintha sylvatica subsp. Ascendens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 25: 165-171, 1989.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.