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Activities: 490
All Chemicals: 227
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
(+)-D-PINITOL Root-- -- *
(+)-L-LACTIC-ACID Root-- -- *
(+)-MAGNESIUM-LACTATE Root-- -- *
(+)-PINITOL Root-- -- *
(-)-GLYCINOL Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (3)
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
(-)-LINALOOL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
2,4-DIHYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Stem-- 0.3 *
2-METHOXY-4-VINYL-PHENOL Leaf Essent. Oil-- 80600.0 *
Activities (2)
FLavor FEMA 0.2-10Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2-METHOXY-5-VINYL-PHENOL Leaf Essent. Oil-- 18300.0 *
3'-HYDROXY-4'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSYLPUERARIN Root-- -- *
3'-HYDROXYPUERARIN Root-- -- *
3'-METHOXYDAIDZEIN Root-- -- *
3'-METHOXYDAIDZIN Root-- 25.0 *
3'-METHYLPUERARIN Root-- -- *
3-(2-O-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-4-METHOXY-PHENYL)-4-(4-HYDROXY-BENZYL)-BUT-2-EN-4-OLIDE Root-- -- *
3-HYDROXY-BETA-DAMASCONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 19400.0 *
3-HYDROXY-BETA-IONONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 500.0 *
3-O-(RHAMNOPYRANOSYL-PENTOSYL(1,2)GLUCURONOPYRANOSYL)-SOPHORADIOL Flower-- 54.0 *
4',7-DIHYDROXYISOFLAVONE Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
4'-METHOXYPUERARIN Root-- -- *
5-METHYLHYDANTOIN Root-- -- *
6''-O-D-XYLOSYLPUERATIN Root-- -- *
6''-O-MALONYL-GENISTEIN-8-C-GLUCOSIDE Tissue Culture-- -- *
6''-O-MALONYLDAIDZIN Stem-- 103.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLDAIDZIN Tissue Culture-- 470.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLDAIDZIN Root-- 8550.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLGENISTIN Stem-- 27.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLGENISTIN Root-- 630.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLGENISTIN Tissue Culture-- 194.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLPUERARIN Root-- 1625.0 *
6''-O-MALONYLPUERARIN Tissue Culture-- 40.0 *
6,7-DIMETHOXYCOUMARIN Root-- -- *
Activities (1)
Analgesic
6-GERANYL-7,4'-DIHYDROXYCOUMESTAN Root-- -- *
8-C-GLUCOSYLGENISTEIN Root-- -- *
8-PRENYLDAIDZEIN Stem-- -- *
8-PRENYLDIADZEIN Stem-- -- *
8-PRENYLGENISTEIN Stem-- -- *
ACETYL-CHOLINE Root-- -- *
Activities (19)
Allergenic
Antiamblyopic
Antidiuretic
Antiileus
Antitachycardic
Cardiodepressant Martindale's 29th
Cerebrostimulant
Histaminic
Hypotensive
Miotic Martindale's 29th
Myocontractant 2 uM
Myopic
Myotonic Martindale's 29th
Neurotransmitter
Parasympathomimetic 0.002 mg/kg ivn ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Peristaltic
Sialogogue
Spasmogenic Antidote=600 ug atropine sulfate ivn ims scu hmn
Vasodilator
ALLANTOIN Root-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antipeptic 30-130 mg/man/day25 Dispensatory
Antipsoriac 2%Martindale's 28th
Antiradicular
Antiulcer
Immunostimulant
Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
Sunscreen 0.10%Jim Duke's personal files.
Suppurative
Vulnerary
APIGENIN Root-- -- *
Activities (101)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
AntiADD
AntiHIV IC72=200 ug/ml
AntiHIV IC50=143 ug/ml
Antiaflatoxin IC50=9.52 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=2.57 ppm
Antiaggregant
Antiaging
Antiallergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiangiogenic 4 uM
Antiarrhythmic
Antibacterial Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Anticancer (Lung)
Anticomplementary
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiherpetic 20-54 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=10-35 uM
Antiinflammatory #NAME?
Antiinflammatory IC~65=1,000 uM
Antileukemic 20-50 uM
Antimelanomic 1-50 uM
Antimetastatic 1-50 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=10-40 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.55 ug/ml
Antioxidant 1.5 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC28.5=62.5 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Antiproliferant 1-50 uM
Antiproliferant IC50=155 uM
Antispasmodic EC50=1-5 uM
Antistress 10 mg/kg
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor 1-50 uM
Antitumor (Breast) 1-50 uM
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antiviral 20-54 ug/ml
Anxiolytic 10 mg/kg
Apoptotic 12-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC65=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor IC50=~40 uM
CNS-Depressant
COX-1-Inhibitor IC65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC>65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=<15 uM
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic IC88=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Cytotoxic 1-50 uM
Cytotoxic IC50=9.5 uM
DNA-Protective
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Differentiator MIC=30 uM
Differentiator IC40=40 uM
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Estrogenic 16% genistein
Estrogenic EC50=1 uM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor IC50+=50-250 uM
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
IKK-Inhibitor
Inotropic
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
MAPK-Inhibitor
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Mutagenic
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
P21-Inducer 10-70 uM
PKC-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Pesticide
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Progestational
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor IC50=10-40 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 20 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Radioprotective
Sedative 30-100 mg/kg
Sunscreen
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.27 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 50 ug/mlAzuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC28=18 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC45=180 uM
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor IC50=2-7 uM
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 0.36 uM
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=<15 uM
ARACHIDIC-ACID Root-- -- *
ASH Root14000.0 44600.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
BAICALEIN Root-- -- *
Activities (50)
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-Inhibitor 9.3 uM
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 ppmKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC62=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.98 rbtKohda, H., Tanaka, S., Yamaoka, Y., Yahara, S., Nohara, T., Tanimoto, T., Tanaka, A. 1989. Studies on Lens-Aldose-Reductase Inhibitor in Medicinal Plants.II Active Constituents of Monochasma savatierii FRANCH, et MAXIM. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(11):3153-3154
AntiHIV
Antiacne
Antiaggregant ED50=120-200 mg/kgButenko, I.G., Gladtchenko, S.V., and Galushko, S.V. Anti-inflammatory properties and inhibition of leukotriene C4 biosynthesis in vitro by flavonoid baicalein from Scutellaria baicalensis georgy roots. Agents Actions 39: C49, 1993.
Antiallergic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiarthritic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiasthmatic
Antiatherosclerotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antibacterial Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Anticolitic 20 mg/kg
Antidermatitic
Antidote (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiedemic IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiflu Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antigenotoxic IC50=22-34 uM
Antihepatomic
Antihistaminic
Antiinflammatory IC28=20 mg/kg scu rat
Antiinflammatory IC50=0.1-5 uM
Antileukemic IC50=0.26 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antimutagenic
Antiproliferative Huang, H-C., Wang, H-R., and Hsieh, L-M. 1993. Antiproliferative effect of baicalein, a flavonoid from a Chinese herb, on vascular smooth muscle cell. European J. of Pharmacology 251: 91-93, 1994.
Antipyretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiretroviral
Antithrombotic IC50=3.5-8.6 uM
Antithrombotic IC50=3.7 uM
Antitoxin (Strychnine) 10 mg musHuang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiviral Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Apoptotic
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
COX-1-Inhibitor 100 ug/mlFukutake, M., Yokota, S., Kawamura, H., Iizuka, A., Amagaya, S., Fukuda, K., Komatsu, Y. 1998. Inhibitory effect of Coptidis rhizoma adn Scutellariae radix on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in rat colon. Biol Pharm Bull, 21(8): 814-817
COX-2-Inhibitor 100 ug/ml
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Diuretic
Fungicide
HIV-RT-Inhibitor 2 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hypocholesterolemic
Neuroprotective 10 uM
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 200 ug/mlMatsuzaki, Y., Kurokawa, N., Terai, S., Matsumura, Y., Kobayashi, N., Okita, K. 1996. Cell Death Induced by Baicalein in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines. Jap J Cancer Res, 87: 170-177.
Triglycerolytic
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=3 uM
BENZOIC-ACID Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (20)
Allergenic Martindale's 28th
Anesthetic
Antibacterial 33-1,250 ppm
Antibacterial MBC=800 ug/ml
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Antipyretic
Antisalmonella MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic 800 ug/ml
Antiyeast MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Expectorant
FLavor FEMA 250Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=710 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=640 uM
Uricosuric
Vulnerary
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (9)
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Antipruritic
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
FLavor Fema 200-1,200Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Pesticide
Sedative Jim Duke's personal files.
BETA-SITOSTEROL Stem-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL Flower-- -- *
Activities (47)
Androgenic
Angiogenic
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Anticancer (Cervix)
Anticancer (Lung)
Antiedemic IC54=320 mg/kg orl
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic
Antilymphomic
Antimutagenic 250 ug/ml
Antiophidic 2.3 mg musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC44=10 uM
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Antiprostaglandin 30 mg/day/12 wks
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Antiprostatitic 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Apoptotic
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Caspase-8-Inducer
Estrogenic
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic 2-6 g/man/day/orlMartindale's 30th
Hypocholesterolemic 9-3,330 mg/man/day/orlMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypolipidemic 2-6 g/day
Pesticide
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ulcerogenic 500 mg/kg ipr rat
BETA-SITOSTEROL-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
Activities (4)
Antileukemic
Antispasmodic 20 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antitumor
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
BIOCHANIN-A Flower-- -- *
Activities (32)
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-Inhibitor 10.8 uM
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC>80=100 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=~35 uM
Antialcoholic
Anticarcinogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Anticephalagic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiproliferant
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=~35 uM
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Lung)
Apoptotic >150 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC45=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
ER-Beta-Binder
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Estrogenic 0.1 uM
Flatulent
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungistat IC50=200 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 50 ug/mlAzuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VAM-Simulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
BIOCHANIN-A Root-- -- *
Activities (32)
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-Inhibitor 10.8 uM
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC>80=100 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=~35 uM
Antialcoholic
Anticarcinogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Anticephalagic
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiproliferant
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=~35 uM
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Lung)
Apoptotic >150 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC45=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemopreventive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
ER-Beta-Binder
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Estrogenic 0.1 uM
Flatulent
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungistat IC50=200 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 50 ug/mlAzuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VAM-Simulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
BIOCHANIN-A-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
CALCIUM Shoot1600.0 1700.0 -0.95 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (28)
AntiPMS 1 g/day
Antiallergic 500 mg/day
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiarrhythmic 500-1,500 mg
Antiarthritic 1,000 mg/day
Antiatherosclerotic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticlimacteric 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antiobesity
Antiosteoporotic 500-2,000 mg/day
Antiperiodontitic 750 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antirheumatic 1,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,500 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic 500-1,500 mg/day
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Laxative 1,000-1,200 mg
Tranquilizer 500-1,500 mg/day
Vasodilator
CALCIUM Root150.0 475.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Activities (28)
AntiPMS 1 g/day
Antiallergic 500 mg/day
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiarrhythmic 500-1,500 mg
Antiarthritic 1,000 mg/day
Antiatherosclerotic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticlimacteric 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenopausal 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antiobesity
Antiosteoporotic 500-2,000 mg/day
Antiperiodontitic 750 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antirheumatic 1,000 mg/day
Antistress 500-1,500 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic 500-1,500 mg/day
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 1 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Laxative 1,000-1,200 mg
Tranquilizer 500-1,500 mg/day
Vasodilator
CANTONIENSISTRIOL Root-- -- *
CAPROIC-ACID Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (1)
Irritant
CARBOHYDRATES Root271000.0 885350.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
CAROTENE Shoot-- 44.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
CHOLINE Root-- -- *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CIS-4-(BUT-CIS-2-ENYLIDENE)-3,5,5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-2-EN-1-ONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 290.0 *
CIS-4-(BUT-TRANS-2-ENYLIDENE)-3,5,5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-2-EN-1-ONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 1900.0 *
COUMARINS Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
COUMESTROL Root-- -- *
Activities (13)
Antilipedemic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
Antimicrobial
Antiosteoporotic 10 mg/kg
Estrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fungicide EC50=>100
Fungicide IC3-4=100 uM
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
Nematicide ED50=10-15 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Nematistat 5-25 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Uterotrophic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
COUMESTROL Stem-- 76.0 *
Activities (13)
Antilipedemic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
Antimicrobial
Antiosteoporotic 10 mg/kg
Estrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Fungicide EC50=>100
Fungicide IC3-4=100 uM
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
Nematicide ED50=10-15 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Nematistat 5-25 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Uterotrophic ED50=0.4 mg/kg
DAIDZEIN Stem-- 510.0 1.0 *
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN Root-- 1800.0 1.0 *
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN Leaf-- 949.8 1.0 Kaufman,PB,Duke,JA,Brielmann,H,Boik,J and Hoyt,JE. 1997. A Comparative Survey of Leguminous Plants as Sources of the Isoflavones Genistein and Daidzein: Implications For Human Nutrition and Health. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 3(1):7-12
Activities (32)
Antialcoholic
Antiarrhythmic
Anticancer
Anticephalagic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antiestrogenic
Antihemolytic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antimelanomic
Antimicrobial
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant 1/4 quercetin
Antiproliferative
Antiradicular 1/4 quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC28=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Cancer-Preventive
Coronary-Dilator
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Fungicide >100
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=3.9 mMSun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
VEGF-Inhibitor
DAIDZEIN-4',7'-DI-O-BETA-D-GLUSIDE Root-- -- *
DAIDZEIN-4,7-DIGLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
DAIDZEIN-4,7-DIGLUCOSIDE Plant-- -- *
DAIDZEIN-7-O-METHYL-ETHER Root-- -- *
DAIDZEIN-8-C-APIOSYL-(1,6)-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 100.0 *
DAIDZIN Root5.3 6520.0 *
Activities (10)
Antialcoholic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antispasmodic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
DAIDZIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (10)
Antialcoholic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antispasmodic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
DAIDZIN Stem-- 35.0 *
Activities (10)
Antialcoholic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antispasmodic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
DAIDZIN Tissue Culture-- 119.0 *
Activities (10)
Antialcoholic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antispasmodic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
DAIDZIN Leaf-- 400.0 *
Activities (10)
Antialcoholic
Antidipsomanic 150 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Antispasmodic
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
Hypotensive ivnFoster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Lipase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
DAMASCENONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 19700.0 -1.0 *
DAUCOSTEROL Flower-- -- *
Activities (5)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)Fujita, T., Ohira, K., Miyatake, K., Nakano, Y., Nakayama, M. 1995. Inhibitory Effect of Perillosides A and C, Related Monoterpene Glucosides on Aldose Reductase and Their Structure-Activity Relationships. Chem Pharm Bull, 43(6): 920-926.
Antileukemic
Antispasmodic 20 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antitumor
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
DAUCOSTEROL Root-- -- *
Activities (5)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity, 31.9% inhibition)Fujita, T., Ohira, K., Miyatake, K., Nakano, Y., Nakayama, M. 1995. Inhibitory Effect of Perillosides A and C, Related Monoterpene Glucosides on Aldose Reductase and Their Structure-Activity Relationships. Chem Pharm Bull, 43(6): 920-926.
Antileukemic
Antispasmodic 20 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Antitumor
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
DELPHINIDIN-3-DIGLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
DELPHINIDIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
DI-O-METHYLDAIDZEIN Root-- -- *
DIADZIN Stem-- 5.4 *
EO Leaf Essent. Oil-- 120.0 *
ETHYL-ACETATE Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (6)
Antispasmodic
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Carminative
FLavor FEMA 20-1,500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Respirotoxic >400 ppmAloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Stimulant
EUGENOL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (76)
Acaricide LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
Allergenic
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Anesthetic 200-400Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
AntiTNF
Antiaggregant IC50=0.3 uMPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Antiarachidonate
Antibacterial 500 ppmValnet, J. 1982. The Practice of Aromatherapy. Translated from the 1980 French Edition by Robin Campbell and Libby Houston. Destiny Books, New York. 279 pp.
Antibacterial MBC=400 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiedemic 100Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antigenotoxic 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiherpetic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
Antikeratotic IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antinitrosating
Antioxidant IC65=30 ppm
Antioxidant 10 uM
Antiprostaglandin 11 uM
Antiprostaglandin IC50=9.2 mM
Antipyretic 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular EC50=2 ul/l
Antisalmonella MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic 3 ml/man/day
Antiseptic 400 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COX-1-Inhibitor IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=129 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=224 uM
Calcium-Antagonist IC50=200 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Choleretic
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Cytotoxic 25 ug/mlPhytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Dermatitigenic
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
FLavor FEMA 10-500Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide
Hepatoprotective 100 ppm
Herbicide
Insecticide
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Irritant
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvicide
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Nematicide MLC=2,000 ug/mlShoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 1 mM rbtChen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=9.2 uM
Sedative
Termiticide LD100=5 mg/g
Trichomonicide LD100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat IC50=10 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Varroacide
Vasodilator
Vermifuge
FAT Shoot16000.0 35000.0 -0.22 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
FAT Root1000.0 3185.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
FIBER Stem-- 462000.0 1.14 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
FIBER Shoot171000.0 275000.0 1.08 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
FIBER Root7000.0 22300.0 -1.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
FLAVONES Root-- -- *
FLUORIDE Root-- 6.6 -0.38 *
Activities (3)
Anticariogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteosclerotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
FORMONONETIN Root-- -- *
Activities (16)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Anticephalagic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antiulcer?
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic Merck 11th Edition
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungicide ED50=>100
Fungicide IC16-18=100 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Myorelaxant Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VAM-Stimulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
FORMONONETIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (16)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Anticephalagic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antiulcer?
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic Merck 11th Edition
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungicide ED50=>100
Fungicide IC16-18=100 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Myorelaxant Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VAM-Stimulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
FORMONONETIN Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (16)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Anticephalagic
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antiulcer?
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic Merck 11th Edition
Fungicide ED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Fungicide ED50=>100
Fungicide IC16-18=100 uM
Herbicide-Safener Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypolipidemic
Myorelaxant Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pesticide
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
VAM-Stimulant Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
GENISTEIN Root-- -- *
Activities (81)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
Antiaggregant 1-10 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiangiogenic 150 uM
Antiatherosclerotic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Anticancer (Breast) IC50=2.6-6.7 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=?640 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticlimacteric Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antiendoccytotic 100 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiestrogenic
Antifertility
Antihemolytic
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 179.1999.
Antiischemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antileukemic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)
Antileukemic IC50=0.010 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukotriene IC50=10-15 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antilymphomic
Antimelanomic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antimicrobial
Antimitogenic IC50=12 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antineuroblastomic
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Antiproliferative 5-45 uM
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=35 uM
Antispasmodic IC50=34 uM
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiulcer?
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Calcium-Antagonist 50 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cytotoxic IC89=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Flatulent
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Fungistat IC34=200 uM
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=110 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Immunostimulant 2-20 mg/kg orl mus
Lipase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=60-140 uM
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=95
MDR-Inhibitor 200 uMCastro, A. F., Altenberg, G. A. 1997. Inhibition of Drug Transport by Genistein in Multidrug-Resistant Cell Expressing P-Glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol, 53(1): 89-93.
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pituitary-sensitizer Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer IC50=4.6 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=250 ppm
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 1-10 ug/mlOkura, A., Arakawa, H., Oka, H., Yoshinari, T., Monden, Y. 1988. Effect of Genistein on Topoisomerase Activity and on the Growth of [VAL 12]HA-RAS-Transformed NIH 3T3 Cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 157: 183-189.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-150 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2-7.5 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=30 ug/mlConstantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 20 uMMarkovits, J., et al. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Genistein on Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II. Cancer Research, 49: 5111-5117.
Topoisomerase-II-Poison Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Trypanosomastat Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Uterotrophic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
VEGF-Inhibitor
GENISTEIN Leaf Diffusate-- 3.0 -0.83 *
Activities (81)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
Antiaggregant 1-10 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiangiogenic 150 uM
Antiatherosclerotic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Anticancer (Breast) IC50=2.6-6.7 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=?640 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticlimacteric Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antiendoccytotic 100 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiestrogenic
Antifertility
Antihemolytic
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 179.1999.
Antiischemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antileukemic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)
Antileukemic IC50=0.010 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukotriene IC50=10-15 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antilymphomic
Antimelanomic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antimicrobial
Antimitogenic IC50=12 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antineuroblastomic
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Antiproliferative 5-45 uM
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=35 uM
Antispasmodic IC50=34 uM
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiulcer?
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Calcium-Antagonist 50 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cytotoxic IC89=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Flatulent
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Fungistat IC34=200 uM
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=110 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Immunostimulant 2-20 mg/kg orl mus
Lipase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=60-140 uM
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=95
MDR-Inhibitor 200 uMCastro, A. F., Altenberg, G. A. 1997. Inhibition of Drug Transport by Genistein in Multidrug-Resistant Cell Expressing P-Glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol, 53(1): 89-93.
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pituitary-sensitizer Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer IC50=4.6 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=250 ppm
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 1-10 ug/mlOkura, A., Arakawa, H., Oka, H., Yoshinari, T., Monden, Y. 1988. Effect of Genistein on Topoisomerase Activity and on the Growth of [VAL 12]HA-RAS-Transformed NIH 3T3 Cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 157: 183-189.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-150 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2-7.5 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=30 ug/mlConstantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 20 uMMarkovits, J., et al. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Genistein on Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II. Cancer Research, 49: 5111-5117.
Topoisomerase-II-Poison Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Trypanosomastat Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Uterotrophic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
VEGF-Inhibitor
GENISTEIN Stem-- -- *
Activities (81)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
Antiaggregant 1-10 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiangiogenic 150 uM
Antiatherosclerotic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Anticancer (Breast) IC50=2.6-6.7 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=?640 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticlimacteric Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antiendoccytotic 100 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiestrogenic
Antifertility
Antihemolytic
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 179.1999.
Antiischemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antileukemic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)
Antileukemic IC50=0.010 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukotriene IC50=10-15 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antilymphomic
Antimelanomic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antimicrobial
Antimitogenic IC50=12 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antineuroblastomic
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Antiproliferative 5-45 uM
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=35 uM
Antispasmodic IC50=34 uM
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiulcer?
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Calcium-Antagonist 50 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cytotoxic IC89=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Flatulent
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Fungistat IC34=200 uM
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=110 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Immunostimulant 2-20 mg/kg orl mus
Lipase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=60-140 uM
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=95
MDR-Inhibitor 200 uMCastro, A. F., Altenberg, G. A. 1997. Inhibition of Drug Transport by Genistein in Multidrug-Resistant Cell Expressing P-Glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol, 53(1): 89-93.
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pituitary-sensitizer Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer IC50=4.6 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=250 ppm
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 1-10 ug/mlOkura, A., Arakawa, H., Oka, H., Yoshinari, T., Monden, Y. 1988. Effect of Genistein on Topoisomerase Activity and on the Growth of [VAL 12]HA-RAS-Transformed NIH 3T3 Cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 157: 183-189.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-150 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2-7.5 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=30 ug/mlConstantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 20 uMMarkovits, J., et al. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Genistein on Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II. Cancer Research, 49: 5111-5117.
Topoisomerase-II-Poison Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Trypanosomastat Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Uterotrophic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
VEGF-Inhibitor
GENISTEIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (81)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
Antiaggregant 1-10 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiangiogenic 150 uM
Antiatherosclerotic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Anticancer (Breast) IC50=2.6-6.7 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=?640 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticlimacteric Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antiendoccytotic 100 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiestrogenic
Antifertility
Antihemolytic
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 179.1999.
Antiischemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antileukemic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)
Antileukemic IC50=0.010 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukotriene IC50=10-15 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antilymphomic
Antimelanomic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antimicrobial
Antimitogenic IC50=12 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antineuroblastomic
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Antiproliferative 5-45 uM
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=35 uM
Antispasmodic IC50=34 uM
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiulcer?
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Calcium-Antagonist 50 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cytotoxic IC89=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Flatulent
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Fungistat IC34=200 uM
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=110 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Immunostimulant 2-20 mg/kg orl mus
Lipase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=60-140 uM
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=95
MDR-Inhibitor 200 uMCastro, A. F., Altenberg, G. A. 1997. Inhibition of Drug Transport by Genistein in Multidrug-Resistant Cell Expressing P-Glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol, 53(1): 89-93.
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pituitary-sensitizer Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer IC50=4.6 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=250 ppm
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 1-10 ug/mlOkura, A., Arakawa, H., Oka, H., Yoshinari, T., Monden, Y. 1988. Effect of Genistein on Topoisomerase Activity and on the Growth of [VAL 12]HA-RAS-Transformed NIH 3T3 Cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 157: 183-189.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-150 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2-7.5 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=30 ug/mlConstantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 20 uMMarkovits, J., et al. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Genistein on Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II. Cancer Research, 49: 5111-5117.
Topoisomerase-II-Poison Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Trypanosomastat Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Uterotrophic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
VEGF-Inhibitor
GENISTEIN Leaf-- 316.9 -0.9 Kaufman,PB,Duke,JA,Brielmann,H,Boik,J and Hoyt,JE. 1997. A Comparative Survey of Leguminous Plants as Sources of the Isoflavones Genistein and Daidzein: Implications For Human Nutrition and Health. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 3(1):7-12
Activities (81)
Abortifacient Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=10 uM
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=35 uM
Antiaggregant 1-10 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiangiogenic 150 uM
Antiatherosclerotic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Anticancer (Breast) IC50=2.6-6.7 ug/ml
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=?640 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticlimacteric Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antiendoccytotic 100 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiestrogenic
Antifertility
Antihemolytic
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 179.1999.
Antiischemic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antileukemic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)
Antileukemic IC50=0.010 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukotriene IC50=10-15 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antilymphomic
Antimelanomic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antimicrobial
Antimitogenic IC50=12 uM
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antineuroblastomic
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Antiproliferative 5-45 uM
Antiprostatadenomic 8-27 ug/mlMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Antiprostatitic IC50=35 uM
Antispasmodic IC50=34 uM
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (GI)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Prostate)
Antitumor (Stomach)
Antiulcer?
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor IC30=1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Calcium-Antagonist 50 uM gpg
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 163.1999.
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic >50 ug/ml (185 uM)Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Cytotoxic IC89=10 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Estrogen-Agonist 0.1-1 uM/lJournal of Medicinal Food 2: 139.1999.
Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Flatulent
Fungicide 2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Fungistat IC34=200 uM
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=110 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Hypocholesterolemic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Immunostimulant 2-20 mg/kg orl mus
Lipase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=60-140 uM
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=95
MDR-Inhibitor 200 uMCastro, A. F., Altenberg, G. A. 1997. Inhibition of Drug Transport by Genistein in Multidrug-Resistant Cell Expressing P-Glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol, 53(1): 89-93.
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Natriuretic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 10-100 uM
Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pituitary-sensitizer Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer IC50=4.6 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=250 ppm
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 1-10 ug/mlOkura, A., Arakawa, H., Oka, H., Yoshinari, T., Monden, Y. 1988. Effect of Genistein on Topoisomerase Activity and on the Growth of [VAL 12]HA-RAS-Transformed NIH 3T3 Cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 157: 183-189.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-150 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 2-7.5 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=30 ug/mlConstantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 20 uMMarkovits, J., et al. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Genistein on Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II. Cancer Research, 49: 5111-5117.
Topoisomerase-II-Poison Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Trypanosomastat Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Uterotrophic ED50=0.5 mg/kg
Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
VEGF-Inhibitor
GENISTEIN-8-C-APIOSYL-(1,6)-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 10.0 *
GENISTEIN-8-C-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
GENISTEIN-8-GLUCOSIDE Tissue Culture-- -- *
GENISTIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
GENISTIN Leaf-- 20.0 *
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
GENISTIN Stem-- 21.0 *
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
GENISTIN Root-- 1120.0 *
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
GENISTIN Tissue Culture-- 53.0 *
Activities (3)
Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 64.
Estrogenic
Fungicide
GLYCINOL Leaf-- -- *
Activities (3)
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCINOL Leaf Diffusate-- 32.0 *
Activities (3)
Fungicide ED50=50->100
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCITEIN Flower-- 88.0 *
Activities (5)
Antioxidant Pratt, D.E. Natural Antioxidants from Plant Material. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.5.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Fungicide ED50=>100
Pesticide
HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
IRISOLIDONE Leaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
IRISOLIDONE Flower-- -- *
IRISOLIDONE-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- 2500.0 *
IRISOLIDONE-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Leaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
IRISOLIDONE-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
IRISOLIDONE-7-O-XYLOSYLGLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
IRON Root6.0 19.0 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Activities (6)
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Anticanker
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antimenorrhagic 100 mg/day/wmn/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Prooxidant
IRSOLIDONE-7-O-BETA-D-XYLOSYL-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (3)
Emetic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
ISOFLAVONES Root17700.0 120000.0 *
ISOLIQUIRITIGENIN Root-- -- *
Activities (28)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.32 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1 ug/ml
AntiPAF
AntiPAF
Antiaggregant
Antiallergic
Antidepressant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antidiabetic
Antiischemic
Antioxidant
Antispasmodic
Antitumor
Antiulcer
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Cancer-Preventive
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Estrogenic
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor EC50=17 uMWichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
MAO-Inhibitor IC50=>200
Myorelaxant
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Quinone-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=27.3 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inhibitor IC76=10 ug/ml
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor IC50=8.1 uM
Vasorelaxant
ISOVALERIC-ACID Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (5)
FLavor FEMA 1-16Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Sedative
Tranquilizer Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
KAEMPFEROL-3-O-RHAMNOSYL-GALACTOSIDE-7-O-RHAMNOSIDE Plant-- -- *
KAIKASAPONIN-III Leaf-- 200.0 *
KAIKASAPONIN-III Flower-- 32.4 *
KAKKALIDE Flower-- 16216.0 *
KAKKANIN Flower-- -- *
KILOCALORIES Root1130.0 3600.0 0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
KUDZUISOFLAVONE-A Tissue Culture-- 0.75 *
KUDZUISOFLAVONE-B Tissue Culture-- 1.75 *
KUDZUSAPOGENOL-A Root-- -- *
KUDZUSAPOGENOL-B-METHYL-ESTER Root-- -- *
KUDZUSAPOGENOL-C Root-- -- *
KUDZUSAPONIN-A-1 Root-- 0.09 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-A-2 Root-- 0.08 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-A-3 Root-- 0.36 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-A-4 Root-- 0.08 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-A-5 Root-- 0.32 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-C-1 Root-- 0.09 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-SA-1 Root-- 0.08 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-SA-2 Root-- 0.1 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-SA-3 Root-- 0.09 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-SA-4 Root-- 0.08 *
KUDZUSAPONIN-SB-1 Root-- 0.08 *
KUZUBUTENOLIDE-A Root-- 1.4 *
LINOLEIC-ACID Stem-- -- *
Activities (27)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiacne
Antialopecic
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiandrogenic
Antiarteriosclerotic
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antigranular
Antihistaminic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiinflammatory IC50=31 uM
Antileukotriene-D4 IC50=31 uM
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Comedolytic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Propecic
LINOLENIC-ACID Stem-- -- *
LUPENONE Root-- -- *
LUPIWIGHTEONE Stem-- -- *
MAGNESIUM Shoot800.0 850.0 -0.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (65)
AntiCFS
AntiLyme 400-1,000 mg
AntiMS
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
AntiPMS 400-800 mg/day/wmn orl
AntiRaynaud's 280-350 mg/day
Antiaggregant 400 mg/day
Antialcoholic
Antianginal 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antianxiety 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarrhythmic 400 mg/day
Antiarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiatherosclerotic 400 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric 500-750 mg/day
Anticonvulsant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Anticoronary 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic 400-800 mg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiendometriotic 500 mg/day
Antienterotic
Antiepileptic 450 mg/day
Antifatigue
Antifibromyalgic 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antigastrotic
Antiglaucomic
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiinflammatory 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimenopausal 500-750 mg/day
Antimigraine 200 mg/day/manWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Antinephrolytic
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antiosteoporotic 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antiplaque 500-1,000 mg/day
Antiretinopathic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antispasmodic
Antispasmophilic 500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antistress 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Antisyndrome-X 400 mg/man/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Anxiolytic 500-750 mg/day
CNS-Depressant Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista CA. 713 pp.
Calcium-Antagonist
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic 400 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Hypotensive 260-500 mg/day
Immunomodulator
Insulinogenic 400 mg/dayChallem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Laxative 300-500 mg/day
Litholytic
Myorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Neurotransmitter
Tranquilizer 500-750 mg/day
Uterorelaxant 100 mg 4 x/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Vasodilator
MALVIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antioxidant
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
N-ACYL-N-1-GLUCOSYLTRYPTOPHAN Flower-- -- *
NICOTIFLORIN Leaf-- 350.0 1.0 *
OCT-1-EN-3-OL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
OCTAN-1-OL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
ONONIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (2)
Hemolytic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Irritant
P-COUMARIC-ACID Flower-- -- *
Activities (25)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Anticlastogen
Antifertility
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant IC24=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pesticide
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID Leaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (25)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity)Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Anticlastogen
Antifertility
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antioxidant IC24=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antitumor
Cancer-Preventive
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Cytotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pesticide
Prostaglandigenic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM
P-HYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER Stem-- 0.1 *
PALMITIC-ACID Stem-- -- *
Activities (13)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Antialopecic
Antiandrogenic
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Antioxidant IC40=60
FLavor FEMA 1Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pesticide
Propecic
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PHASEOLLIDIN Leaf Diffusate-- 2.0 -1.0 *
Activities (2)
Fungicide
Pesticide
PHENYLETHANOL Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
PHOSPHORUS Root180.0 575.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Activities (4)
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
PHOSPHORUS Shoot470.0 2440.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (4)
Antiosteoporotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anxiolytic
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
PHYTOL Leaf Essent. Oil-- 46300.0 *
Activities (1)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
POTASSIUM Shoot16000.0 36050.0 0.86 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (14)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antifatigue Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihypertensive
Antispasmodic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antistroke
Anxiolytic
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic 18,000 mg/man/day
Diuretic
Hypotensive
Vasodilator
PROPIONIC-ACID Fruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Activities (6)
FLavor FEMA 1-36,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide 2,500-36,000
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery
Pesticide
Rubefacient Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
PROTEIN Shoot131000.0 168600.0 -0.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
PROTEIN Root21000.0 66890.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-1 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-2 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-3 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-4 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-5 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-6 Root-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-PG-1 Root-- -- *
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-PG-2 Root-- -- *
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-PG-3 Root-- -- *
PUERARIA-GLYCOSIDE-PG-6 Root-- -- *
PUERARIN Stem-- 208.0 *
Activities (49)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiaddictive
Antiadrenergic
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiarrhythmic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticapillary-Fragility Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric
Antideafness
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 15 mg/kg ivn rat
Antiendometriotic
Antihangover
Antihyperglycemic 15 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic
Antimyocarditis Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular
Antitumor (Colon)
Antivasoconstrictive
Antiwithdrawal
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective
Estrogenic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive ivn
MDR-Inhibitor
Myorelaxant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Genic
Neuroprotective
Osteogenic
Pancreaprotective
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
PUERARIN Tissue Culture-- 86.0 *
Activities (49)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiaddictive
Antiadrenergic
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiarrhythmic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticapillary-Fragility Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric
Antideafness
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 15 mg/kg ivn rat
Antiendometriotic
Antihangover
Antihyperglycemic 15 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic
Antimyocarditis Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular
Antitumor (Colon)
Antivasoconstrictive
Antiwithdrawal
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective
Estrogenic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive ivn
MDR-Inhibitor
Myorelaxant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Genic
Neuroprotective
Osteogenic
Pancreaprotective
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
PUERARIN Root3.5 50300.0 *
Activities (49)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiaddictive
Antiadrenergic
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiarrhythmic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticapillary-Fragility Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric
Antideafness
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 15 mg/kg ivn rat
Antiendometriotic
Antihangover
Antihyperglycemic 15 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic
Antimyocarditis Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular
Antitumor (Colon)
Antivasoconstrictive
Antiwithdrawal
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective
Estrogenic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive ivn
MDR-Inhibitor
Myorelaxant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Genic
Neuroprotective
Osteogenic
Pancreaprotective
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
PUERARIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (49)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor Soumyanath, A. Ed. 2006. Traditional Medicines for Modern Times - Antidiabetic Plants. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL. 314 pp.
Antiaddictive
Antiadrenergic
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antialzheimeran
Antiarrhythmic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticapillary-Fragility Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticlimacteric
Antideafness
Antidementia
Antidiabetic 15 mg/kg ivn rat
Antiendometriotic
Antihangover
Antihyperglycemic 15 mg/kg
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic
Antimyocarditis Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiosteoporotic
Antioxidant
Antiparkinsonian
Antiradicular
Antitumor (Colon)
Antivasoconstrictive
Antiwithdrawal
Anxiolytic
Apoptotic
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective
Estrogenic
Hepatoprotective
Hypocholesterolemic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypoglycemic
Hypotensive ivn
MDR-Inhibitor
Myorelaxant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Genic
Neuroprotective
Osteogenic
Pancreaprotective
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
PUERARIN-4'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- -- *
PUERARIN-7-O-XYLOSIDE Root-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
PUERARIN-APIOSIDE Root-- -- *
PUERARIN-XYLOSIDE Root-- -- *
PUERAROL Root-- -- *
PUEROSIDE-A Root-- -- *
PUEROSIDE-B Root-- -- *
QUERCETIN Root-- -- *
Activities (176)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.84 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.344 uMMao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Allelochemic IC82=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Analgesic
AntiCrohn's 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml
AntiHIV
AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmnPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=7.5 ppm
Antiaggregant IC50=55 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Antiaggregant 30 uM
Antiaging
Antiallergic IC50=14 uMJim Duke's personal files.
Antialzheimeran
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticomplementary
Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidiabetic
Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antiescherichic
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antifibrosarcomic
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kgFitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileishmanic IC50=64
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50
Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/mlMedicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC96=300 ppmPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antioxidant ED50=2.3 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC47=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiperistaltic
Antipermeability
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64
Antipodriac
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiproliferant 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uMPlanta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Antispasmodic
Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithrombic
Antitrypanosomic IC50=13
Antitumor 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antiviral 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Apoptotic 20-60 uM
Bacteristat 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
COMT-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) musNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Catabolic
Copper-Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/mlMatsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Cytotoxic IC82=100 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Differentiator 5.5 uM
Estrogenic 10% genistein
Fungicide
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl ratIvorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Inotropic
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat 8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
Mutagenic
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor IC>50=125 uM
NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Neuroprotective 5-25 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM
P450-Inducer 5 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
PGE2-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM
Pesticide
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Proliferant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/mlIbewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM
Teratologic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=42 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=23-40 uM
Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yrJim Duke's personal files.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>0.4 ug/mlChem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=10.6 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
QUERCETIN Leaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (176)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.84 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.344 uMMao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Allelochemic IC82=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Analgesic
AntiCrohn's 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml
AntiHIV
AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmnPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=7.5 ppm
Antiaggregant IC50=55 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Antiaggregant 30 uM
Antiaging
Antiallergic IC50=14 uMJim Duke's personal files.
Antialzheimeran
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticomplementary
Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidiabetic
Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antiescherichic
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antifibrosarcomic
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kgFitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileishmanic IC50=64
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50
Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/mlMedicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC96=300 ppmPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antioxidant ED50=2.3 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC47=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiperistaltic
Antipermeability
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64
Antipodriac
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiproliferant 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uMPlanta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Antispasmodic
Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithrombic
Antitrypanosomic IC50=13
Antitumor 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antiviral 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Apoptotic 20-60 uM
Bacteristat 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
COMT-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) musNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Catabolic
Copper-Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/mlMatsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Cytotoxic IC82=100 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Differentiator 5.5 uM
Estrogenic 10% genistein
Fungicide
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl ratIvorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Inotropic
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat 8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
Mutagenic
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor IC>50=125 uM
NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Neuroprotective 5-25 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM
P450-Inducer 5 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
PGE2-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM
Pesticide
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Proliferant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/mlIbewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM
Teratologic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=42 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=23-40 uM
Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yrJim Duke's personal files.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>0.4 ug/mlChem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=10.6 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
QUERCETIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (176)
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.84 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=0.344 uMMao, X. M., Zhang, J. Q. 1993. Inhibition of Aldose Reductase by Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi , 18(10): 623-624.
Allelochemic IC82=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Analgesic
AntiCrohn's 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml
AntiHIV
AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmnPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM
Antiaflatoxin IC50=7.5 ppm
Antiaggregant IC50=55 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
Antiaggregant 30 uM
Antiaging
Antiallergic IC50=14 uMJim Duke's personal files.
Antialzheimeran
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Antiangiogenic
Antiarthritic
Antiasthmatic IC50=14 uM
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uMMedline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml
Anticataract
Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Anticomplementary
Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antidiabetic
Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antiescherichic
Antiestrogenic
Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Antifibrosarcomic
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kgFitoterapia No.5-1990.
Antileishmanic IC50=64
Antileukemic IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/mlLife Sciences 55: 1061.
Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50
Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/mlMedicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Antinitrosaminic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC96=300 ppmPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Antioxidant ED50=2.3 uMSeidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC47=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiperistaltic
Antipermeability
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64
Antipodriac
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiproliferant 10 nM
Antiprostanoid
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uMPlanta Medica, 56(6): 695, 1990.
Antispasmodic
Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Antithrombic
Antitrypanosomic IC50=13
Antitumor 10 uM
Antitumor (Bladder)
Antitumor (Breast)
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary)
Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer
Antiviral IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Antiviral 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Apoptotic 20-60 uM
Bacteristat 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
COMT-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) musNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Catabolic
Copper-Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/mlMatsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Cytotoxic IC82=100 ug/mlPlanta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Differentiator 5.5 uM
Estrogenic 10% genistein
Fungicide
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml
HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/mlNakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl ratIvorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Inotropic
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Larvistat 8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.1-5 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
Mutagenic
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
NO-Inhibitor IC>50=125 uM
NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM
Neuroprotective 5-25 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM
P450-Inducer 5 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uMFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
PGE2-Inhibitor
PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM
Pesticide
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Proliferant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/mlIbewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM
Teratologic
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=42 uM
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=23-40 uM
Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yrJim Duke's personal files.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
VEGF-Inhibitor
Vasodilator
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>0.4 ug/mlChem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=10.6 ug/ml
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM
RIBOFLAVIN Shoot-- 8.0 -1.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Activities (15)
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic 2-10 mg/day orlMartindale's 28th
Anticarpal-Tunnel 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 15 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticervicaldysplasic 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticheilitic
Antidecubitic
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antikeratitic
Antimigraine
Antioxidant
Antipellagric
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
ROBININ Leaf500.0 18700.0 *
Activities (10)
Antiazotemic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer
Antimutagenic ID50=50-100 nMMaga, J.A. Contribution of Phenolic Compounds to Smoke Flavor. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.13.
Antioxidant 1/5 quercetin
Antiradicular 1/5 quercetin
Antitumor-Promoter
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Diuretic
Pesticide
RUTIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (87)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelochemic
AntiCVI 270 mg/man/day
Antiaggregant ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
Antiallergic
Antiapoplectic
Antiatherogenic
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer
Anticapillary-Fragility 20-100 mg orl manMerck 7th Ed.
Anticataract
Anticlastogen
Anticonvulsant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antidementia Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antidiabetic Jin, G-Z., Yamagata, Y., and Tomita, K.-i. 1989. Structure of Rutin Pentamethanol. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(2): 297-300, 1990.
Antiedemic 270 mg/day orl man
Antierythemic
Antifeedant
Antiglaucomic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihematuric
Antihemorrhoidal
Antihepatotoxic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Antihistaminic
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20 mg/kg
Antimalarial IC50=>100 ug/mlKhalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nM
Antinephritic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC28=30 ppm
Antioxidant IC50=120 uM
Antioxidant IC54=10 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=10-20 uM
Antiplatelet
Antiproliferant 50-75 uM/l
Antiprotozoal
Antipurpuric
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antisunburn
Antithrombogenic EC50=500 nM
Antithyroid IC50=68 uM
Antitrypanosomic 100 mg/kgPlanta Medica, 57: A44, 1991.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiulcer
Antivaricose
Antiviral
Apoptotic 75 uM/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Catabolic
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective IC50=3 uM
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Hemostat
Hepatomagenic 20,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective 20 mg/kg rat
Hypocholesterolemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hypotensive Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Immunomodulator
Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC75=2.5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Myoprotective
Myorelaxant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PAF-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Protisticide
Radioprotective
Sunscreen
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1 ug/mlBernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Vasodilator
Vasopressor
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
SCOPARONE Root-- -- *
Activities (22)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 10 ug/ml cowOkada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Analgesic
Antiatherogenic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antihepatotoxic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antiimplantation
Antiinflammatory
Antiischemic
Antiproliferant Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antiradicular Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Antiretinopathic
Antispasmodic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
CNS-Depressant 40-80 mg/kg iprNeuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Cardiac Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hypocholesterolemic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Hypotensive 5-20 mg/kg ivnNeuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Immunosuppressant 10-30 uM
Myorelaxant Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Tranquilizer Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Vasodilator
SHEKANIN Flower-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antibacterial
Diuretic
Pesticide
SILICA Shoot15000.0 52000.0 0.19 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
SISSITORIN Flower-- -- *
SOPHORADIOL Root-- -- *
SOYASAPOGENOL-A Root-- -- *
SOYASAPOGENOL-B Root-- -- *
SOYASAPONIN-A-3 Root-- -- *
SOYASAPONIN-I Root-- 1.5 -0.77 *
SOYASAPONIN-SA-3 Root-- 0.09 *
STARCH Root130000.0 400000.0 0.35 *
Activities (5)
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Poultice Martindale's 29th
STEARIC-ACID Stem-- -- *
Activities (8)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-4,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
STIGMASTEROL Stem-- -- *
Activities (12)
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory Lawrence Review of Natural Products, 1995
Antinociceptive
Antiophidic 2.3 mg ipr musEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC33=10 uM
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Artemicide LC50=110 ppmJung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Estrogenic
Hypocholesterolemic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Ovulant
Sedative
STIZOLAMINE Seed-- 2.1 *
SUCCINIC-ACID Root-- -- *
Activities (7)
Additive FEMA 200-2,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Antifeedant
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Pesticide
TECTORIDIN Plant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (1)
Antiinflammatory
TECTORIGENIN Flower-- 70.0 *
Activities (5)
Antiinflammatory
Diuretic
Fungicide ED50=<50-100
Pesticide
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TECTORIGENIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Flower-- -- *
TRANS-4-(BUT-CIS-2-ENYLIDENE)-3,5,5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-2-EN-1-ONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 230.0 *
TRANS-4-(BUT-TRANS-2-ENYLIDENE)-3,5,5-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-2-EN-1-ONE Leaf Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
TUBEROSIN Leaf Diffusate-- 106.0 *
Activities (5)
Antibacterial 250 u/mlWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antistaphylococcic
Antitubercular 125 u/mlWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Fungicide IC55-97=100uM
Pesticide
TUBEROSIN Stem-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antibacterial 250 u/mlWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Antistaphylococcic
Antitubercular 125 u/mlWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Fungicide IC55-97=100uM
Pesticide
WATER Root-- 686000.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
WIGHTEONE Leaf Diffusate-- -- *
Activities (2)
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Pesticide
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.