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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Acetylcholinergic
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
PRUNASIN 0.1 mM/l rat
QUERCETIN 100 uM
SAMBUNIGRIN 0.1 mM/l rat (weak activity)
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
CYANIDIN IC90=1 mM
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
Allelopathic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Allergenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiallergic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antialopecic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HCN
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antibacterial
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidepressant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidote Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HCN Ihl (=Amyl Nitrite)
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GLUCOSE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiflu Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GLUCOSE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=64
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimutagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CYANIDIN ID50=3.5-22 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC24=30 ppm
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 nM
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipruritic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiseptic
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antiviral
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchosedative Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
MYRISTIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
TANNIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
P-COUMARIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN <40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyanogenic
Chemicals (2)
PRUNASIN
SAMBUNIGRIN
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytotoxic Matsukawa, Y., et al. The Effect of Quercetin and Other Flavonoids on Cell Cycle Progresssion and Growth of Human Gastric Cancer Cells. Planta Medica, 56(6): 677, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
Fungicide
Chemicals (5)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIN
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
HCN
Insectifuge J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
CAFFEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Irritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC11=5 mM
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
TANNIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator (Copper)
Chemicals (2)
CYANIDIN
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN <10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Pesticide
Chemicals (11)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CYANIDIN
HCN
KAEMPFEROL
PALMITIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CYANIDIN
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Prooxidant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CYANIDIN
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (2)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Rodenticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID ID50=3,650 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
HCN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.