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ActivityReference
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Acetylcholinergic
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
Allergenic
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMIC-ACID
Amebicide
Chemicals (1)
YANGONIN
Analgesic
Chemicals (4)
DIHYDROKAWAIN 150 mg/kg ipr mus
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN 300 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYSTICIN 360 mg/kg ipr mus
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (8)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMIC-ACID
DIHYDROKAWAIN 0.25%
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 0.25%
KAWAIN =cocaine 0.25%
METHYSTICIN 0.25%
YANGONIN
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN IC50=71-115 uM/l
Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN IC50=71-115 uM/l
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (5)
ANISIC-ACID MBC=800 ug/ml
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
YANGONIN
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (5)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN ED50 140 mg/kg orl mus
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (3)
FIBER
FRUCTOSE
MALTOSE
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (4)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN (3 mg/kg) IC50=98 mg/kg
METHYSTICIN (Strychnine 3 mg/kg) IC=31 mg/kg
Antiedemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
GLUCOSE
KAWAIN
Antiepileptic
Chemicals (1)
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 800 mg/man
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrillary
Chemicals (2)
KAWAIN 20 mg/kg
METHYSTICIN 20 mg/kg
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antihepatotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
GLUCOSE
STIGMASTEROL
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (12)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
PINOSTROBIN
STIGMASTEROL
YANGONIN
5,7-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE
CINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER
3,4-METHYLENE-DIOXYCINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER
Antiischemic
Chemicals (2)
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 10-30 mg/kg ivn mus
METHYSTICIN 10-30 mg/kg ivn mus
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FRUCTOSE
GLUCOSE
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID
Antimycotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN
Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (5)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiophthalmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CHOLESTEROL IC43=10 uM
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
SUCROSE
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (1)
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
KAWAIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antipyretic
Chemicals (7)
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
YANGONIN
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
ANISIC-ACID
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
ANISIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (4)
ANISIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
KAWAIN
OXALIC-ACID
Antispasmodic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
CINNAMIC-ACID
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
YANGONIN
Antithrombotic
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (2)
KAWAIN IC50=71-115 uM/l
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
FIBER
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Antiviral Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
STIGMASTEROL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
PINOSTROBIN IC52=1 uM/l
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
EICOSANOL
FIBER
STIGMASTEROL
Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (4)
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
YANGONIN
CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
PINOSTROBIN IC36=100 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER IC66=100 ug/ml
3,4-METHYLENE-DIOXYCINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER IC16=100 ug/ml
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
PINOSTROBIN IC7=100 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER IC19=100 ug/ml
3,4-METHYLENE-DIOXYCINNAMIC-ACID-BORNYL-ESTER IC18=100 ug/ml
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN IC50=71-115 uM/l
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Endoanesthetic
Chemicals (4)
DIHYDROKAWAIN 5-20 mg/kg
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 5-20 mg/kg
KAWAIN 5-20 mg/kg
METHYSTICIN 5-20 mg/kg
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
STIGMASTEROL
Expectorant
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
CINNAMIC-ACID FEMA 4-40
PHENYLACETIC-ACID FEMA 0.1-30
HEXADECANOL FEMA<1-2
Fungicide
Chemicals (4)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID
KAWAIN
PINOSTROBIN 2.5 mM
Fungistat Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Herbicide
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CAMPESTEROL
FIBER
STIGMASTEROL
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
FIBER 10 g/man/day/orl
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Irritant
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Laxative
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMIC-ACID
FIBER
FRUCTOSE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
YANGONIN
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
GLUCOSE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (5)
DIHYDROKAWAIN 90 mg/kg
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 60 mg/kg
KAWAIN 60 mg/kg ipr
METHYSTICIN 45 mg/kg
YANGONIN 45 mg/kg ipr
Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (3)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 10-30 mg/kg ivn mus
METHYSTICIN 10-30 mg/kg ivn mus
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
KAWAIN
METHYSTICIN
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PHENYLACETIC-ACID
Pesticide
Chemicals (8)
ANISIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CINNAMIC-ACID
KAWAIN
OXALIC-ACID
PINOSTROBIN
YANGONIN
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Psychoactive R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
METHYSTICIN
Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Sedative Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (6)
DIHYDROKAWAIN
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN 60 mg/kg ipr
KAWAIN 60 mg/kg ipr
METHYSTICIN 45 mg/kg ipr
STIGMASTEROL
YANGONIN 45 mg/kg ipr
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sweetener Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
FRUCTOSE 2 x glucose
MALTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Tranquilizer HerbalGram No. 24, page 37.
Chemicals (1)
KAWAIN
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ANISIC-ACID ID50=680 uM
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
CINNAMIC-ACID ID50=700 uM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID
SUCROSE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.