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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
THUJONE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE IC50=320 uM
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
ISOEUGENOL IC50=0.72 uM
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
LINALOOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Onawunmi, G.O., Yisak, W-A., Ogunlana,* E.O. 1984. Antibacterial Constituents In The Essential Oil Of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 12: 279-286, 1984.
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CITRAL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
NEROL
SABINENE
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (7)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOEUGENOL IC79=30 ppm
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
HEXANOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE ED50=0.127 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE IC50=257.6 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
METHYL-CHAVICOL IC50=258 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE 4.4 uM/15 mos. scu mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (4)
CAMPHOR
COPAENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Cerebrodepressant
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THUJONE 40 mg/kg
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHRYSANTHENONE Tobacco stain remover
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DNA-Binder
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Epileptigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
NEROL
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CIS-3-HEXENOL FEMA 1-5
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
ESTRAGOLE FEMA 4-150
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANOL FEMA 0.2-25
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
ISOEUGENOL 100 ug/ml
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
ESTRAGOLE 0.23-0.46% diet/12 mos.
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
THUJONE IC50=22 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
METHYL-CHAVICOL
OCIMENE
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
LINALOOL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ESTRAGOLE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CHAVICOL
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
THUJONE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (23)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCIMENE
SABINENE
THUJONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
CITRAL
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
HEXANOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
CHRYSANTHENONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.