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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
CITRAL
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
HEXANOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
CHRYSANTHENONE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (23)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCIMENE
SABINENE
THUJONE
FLavor
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CIS-3-HEXENOL FEMA 1-5
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
ESTRAGOLE FEMA 4-150
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANOL FEMA 0.2-25
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
Antibacterial Internat. J. Oriental Med. 15(4): 199, 1990+
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
Antiseptic
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
HEXANOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectifuge
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
THUJONE ED50=0.127 mg/ml
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CHAVICOL
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
THUJONE IC50=22 mM
Insecticide
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
METHYL-CHAVICOL
OCIMENE
Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (7)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOEUGENOL IC79=30 ppm
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Analgesic
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
MYRCENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE IC50=257.6 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
METHYL-CHAVICOL IC50=258 uM
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE 4.4 uM/15 mos. scu mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
LINALOOL
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Carminative
Chemicals (4)
CAMPHOR
COPAENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
LINALOOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CITRAL
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE IC50=320 uM
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
ISOEUGENOL IC50=0.72 uM
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
THUJONE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THUJONE 40 mg/kg
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
THUJONE
Counterirritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
ISOEUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
NEROL
SABINENE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Fungistat Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
ISOEUGENOL 100 ug/ml
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
Estrogenic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
NEROL
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
ESTRAGOLE 0.23-0.46% diet/12 mos.
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
THUJONE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Dentifrice
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHRYSANTHENONE Tobacco stain remover
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bacteristat
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ESTRAGOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Cerebrodepressant
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Hallucinogenic
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.