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All Chemicals: 45
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
2-BETA-GLUCOSYLOXY-CUCURBITACIN-O Root-- 47.0 *
23,24-DIHYDROCUCURBITACIN-B Root-- 24.0 *
25-ACETOXY-2BETA-GLUCOSYLOXY-3,16,20-TRIHYDROXY-9-METHYL-18-NORLANOST-5,23-DIEN-22-ONE Plant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
2BETA-GLUCOSYLOXY-16,20,22-TRIHYDROXY-9-METHYL-19-NORLANOSTA-5,24-DIENE-3,11-DIONE Plant-- -- *
2BETA-GLUCOSYLOXY-3,16,20,25-TETRAHYDROXY-9-METHYL-19-NORLANOSTA-5,23-DIENE-11,22-DIONE Plant-- -- *
6-FERULOYLCATALPOL Root-- 59.0 *
6-TRANS-FERULOYLCATALPOL Root-- -- *
AMPHICOSIDE Plant-- -- *
AMPHICOSIDE Root706.0 36000.0 *
ANDROSIN Root-- 176.0 *
Activities (5)
Antiallergenic 10 mg/kgDorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Antiasthmatic 10 mg/kg
Antibronchitic
Antibronchitic inl 0.5 mg/kg
Antibronchitic IC60-70=10 mg/kg
ANDROSIN Plant-- -- *
Activities (5)
Antiallergenic 10 mg/kgDorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Antiasthmatic 10 mg/kg
Antibronchitic
Antibronchitic inl 0.5 mg/kg
Antibronchitic IC60-70=10 mg/kg
APOCYNIN Root-- -- *
Activities (8)
Antiarthritic
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticolitic
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antirheumatic
Cardiac CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cartilage-Sparing
APOCYNIN Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (8)
Antiarthritic
Antiatherosclerotic
Anticolitic
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antirheumatic
Cardiac CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cartilage-Sparing
APOCYNINE Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antiasthmatic 10 mg/kg
ARVENIN-III Root-- 35.0 *
CATALPOL Juice-- -- *
Activities (3)
Cathartic ED50=340 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Purgative
CINNAMIC-ACID-6-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Juice-- -- *
CUCURBITACIN-B Root-- 47.0 *
Activities (8)
Antigibberellin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic
Antiinflammatory
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cytotoxic 2.5 ppt
Insectifuge Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CUCURBITACIN-GLYCOSIDE Root-- -- Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
CUCURBITACIN-Q-2-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Root-- 35.0 *
D-MANNITOL Rhizome-- 5000.0 *
GLUCOSE Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (7)
Acetylcholinergic
Antiedemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihepatotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
GLUCOSIDO-VANILLOYL-GLUCOSE Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
KURRIN Rhizome-- 5000.0 *
KUTHINOL Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
KUTHIRTEROL Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
KUTKIN Rhizome30000.0 40000.0 *
Activities (3)
Choleretic
Diuretic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Laxative =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
KUTKIOL Rhizome-- 600.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
KUTKISTEROL Rhizome-- 1800.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
KUTKOSIDE Root-- 2400.0 *
KUTKOSIDE Plant-- -- *
KUTKOSIDE Rhizome-- -- *
MINECOSIDE Root-- 59.0 *
MINECOSIDES Root-- -- Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
PICEIN Root-- 118.0 *
PICRORHIZIN Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
PICROSIDE Root-- -- *
PICROSIDE-I Root-- 470.0 *
Activities (3)
Choleretic
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 207.
Hepatotoxic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
PICROSIDE-I Rhizome-- -- *
Activities (3)
Choleretic
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 207.
Hepatotoxic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
PICROSIDE-II Rhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Activities (3)
Choleretic
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 207.
Hepatotoxic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
PICROSIDE-III Plant-- -- *
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Plant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Activities (43)
Allergenic
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
AntiLegionella
Antiarrhythmic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 407.
Antiasthmatic
Antibacterial Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Anticlastogen
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiherpetic
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiischemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic
Antimelanogenic ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Antimutagenic
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant 2/3 quercetin
Antioxidant 10 x alpha-tocopherol
Antioxidant 1/2 BHT
Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antiperoxidant IC75=200 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Antiseptic
Antispasmodic EC50=4.6-17 uMOrtiz de Urbina, J.J., Martin, M.L., Sevilla, M.A., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., and San Roman, L. Antispasmodic Activity on Rat Smooth Muscle of Polyphenol Compounds Caffeic and Protocathechic Acids. Phytotherapy Research 4(2): 73, 1990.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Mouth)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitussive Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Antiviral
Apoptotic
Carcinogenic
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive 100 ppm orl rat
Fungicide 500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Glutathione-Depleting
Hepatotoxic
Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Nephrotoxic
Pesticide
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Prostaglandigenic
Secretogogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TRIPALMITIN Rhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
VANILLIC-ACID Rhizome-- 1000.0 *
Activities (24)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM/l
Allelopathic
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antibacterial 1.5-15 mg/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
Anticancer
Antifatigue
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/mlChiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antioxidant IC21=30 ppm
Antioxidant 1/3 BHA
Antiperoxidant IC15-65=100-200 ug/ml
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Ascaricide
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Choleretic
Fungicide
Immunosuppressant
Laxative =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Pesticide
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VERONICOSIDE Root-- 47.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.