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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Abortifacient
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
BOLDINE
PACHYCARPINE
SPARTEINE
Acaricide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE LD50=9.22 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Analgesic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (8)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
PRONUCIFERINE
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-UNDECANONE
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
TANNIN
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LIMONENE
Antiadrenergic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOCORYDINE
Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
GUAIAZULENE
LINALOOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL IC50=39 uM
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticarcinomic (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticarcinomic (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
CHOLINE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
Antidopaminergic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (4)
BOLDINE ED50=34 mg/kg
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (9)
2-TRIDECANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOBOLDINE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflatulent
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiganglionic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE 1 mg/kg ivn cat
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihepatotic
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
LINALOOL
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BOLDINE ED50=34 mg/kg
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
COUMARIN
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
GUAIAZULENE
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
SINOACUTINE IC26=300 ppm orl
SPARTEINE
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileprotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GUAIAZULENE
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimalarial
Chemicals (4)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
FARNESOL IC50=50 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHOLINE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (2)
ISOBOLDINE
LIMONENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (11)
BOLDINE IC50=17-33 ug/ml
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISORHAMNETIN
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
SPARTEINE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
GUAIAZULENE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antiprostaglandin Abstract (See species file)
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE IC53=75 uM
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipyretic Abstract (See species file)
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE ED51-98=60 mg/kg orl rbt
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GUAIAZULENE
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (6)
BOLDINE
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
THYMOL EC=60
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
THYMYL-ACETATE
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
RETICULINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antispasmolytic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PRONUCIFERINE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitachycardic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE ED50=8-15
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiulcer Yanagisawa, T., Kosakai, K., Tomiyama, T., Yasunami, M., and Takase, K. 1990. Studies on Anti-ulcer Agents. II. Synthesis and Anti-ulcer Activities of 6-Isopropylazulene-1-sodium Sulfonate Derivatives. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(12): 3355-3358, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
GUAIAZULENE
NEROL
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LIMONENE
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LC50=2 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker de las Heras, B., Rios, J. L., Martinez-Mir, I., Rubio, E. 1990. A Study of the Adrenergic Activity of the Alkaloids Boldine and Glaucine. Pharmazie, 45(6): 443-444.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 0.1 uM
Bradycardic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 1/70th diltiazem
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (3)
CHOLINE
COUMARIN
SPARTEINE 5 mg/kg ivn rbt
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Carminative
Chemicals (7)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Cataleptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOCORYDINE
Cathartic
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
Choleretic Fitoterapia No.5-1986.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BOLDINE
EUGENOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
PRONUCIFERINE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
RETICULINE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BOLDINE
CAMPHOR
RETICULINE
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
FENCHONE
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Curaroid Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LAUROTETANINE
SPARTEINE
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL #NAME?
TANNIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Tucker, A. O. and Debaggio, T. 2000. The Big Book of Herbs. Interweave Press, Inc. Loveland, CO. 688 pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LAUROTETANINE
LINALOOL
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
SPARTEINE
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
NEROL
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZYL-BENZOATE FEMA 40-300
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FARNESOL FEMA 0.1-3
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
NEROL FEMA 1-20
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
ISOBOLDINE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gastrostimulant Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (5)
BOLDINE
CHOLINE
EUGENOL 100 ppm
ISORHAMNETIN
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Hirudicide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
2-UNDECANONE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hydrogen-Peroxide-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Hyperthermic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
SPARTEINE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CHOLINE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
LIMONENE
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
SPARTEINE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-TRIDECANONE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-THUJONE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
TANNIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (2)
SPARTEINE
THYMOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BOLDINE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
THYMOL
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
ISOCORYDINE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-UNDECANONE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
FARNESOL MLC=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Neuroleptic
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Oxytocic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
PACHYCARPINE
SPARTEINE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pediculicide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRTENAL
NEROL
SABINENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (39)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
2-TRIDECANONE
2-UNDECANONE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
ISOBOLDINE
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRTENAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
SPARTEINE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Pheromonal
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE 25 uM rat
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Pyrogenic Dasgupta, S., Ray, A. B., Bhattacharya, S. K., Bose, R. 1979. Constituents of Pachygone ovata and Pharmacological Action of its Major Leaf Alkaloid. J Nat Prod, 42(4): 399-406.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE 5-20 mg/kg ipr rat
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Chemicals (1)
ISORHAMNETIN
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respiradepressant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rubefacient
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMYL-ACETATE
Scabicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Sedative
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNYL-ACETATE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
ISOCORYDINE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
NORISOCORYDINE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ISOCORYDINE
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tachycardiagenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Teratogenic Rodrigues de Almeida, E., Melo, A. M., Xavier, H. 2000. Toxicological Evaluation of the Hydro- alcohol Extract of the Dry Leaves of Peumus boldus and Boldine in Rats. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 99-102.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
FARNESOL LD100=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 23 uM
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Uricosuric Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Uterocontractant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Vasoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 1/70th diltiazem
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISORHAMNETIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (3)
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.