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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (39)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
2-TRIDECANONE
2-UNDECANONE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
ISOBOLDINE
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRTENAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
SPARTEINE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZYL-BENZOATE FEMA 40-300
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FARNESOL FEMA 0.1-3
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
NEROL FEMA 1-20
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-TRIDECANONE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRTENAL
NEROL
SABINENE
THYMOL
Sedative
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNYL-ACETATE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
ISOCORYDINE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
NORISOCORYDINE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
RETICULINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
THYMYL-ACETATE
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
ISOBOLDINE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BOLDINE ED50=34 mg/kg
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
COUMARIN
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
GUAIAZULENE
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
SINOACUTINE IC26=300 ppm orl
SPARTEINE
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-UNDECANONE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
ASCARIDOLE
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
FARNESOL MLC=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISORHAMNETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Antioxidant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (11)
BOLDINE IC50=17-33 ug/ml
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISORHAMNETIN
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
SPARTEINE
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 100 ppm
Insecticide Grainge, M. and Ahmed, S., Handbook of Plants with Pest-Control Properties, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1988, 470.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
SPARTEINE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
PRONUCIFERINE
THYMOL
Expectorant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
FARNESOL LD100=100 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (9)
2-TRIDECANONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOBOLDINE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Acaricide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE LD50=9.22 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (8)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
RETICULINE
THYMOL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-UNDECANONE
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
TANNIN
THYMOL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
TANNIN
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCARIDOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BOLDINE
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
THYMOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
Transdermal
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCARIDOLE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
GUAIAZULENE
NEROL
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE ED50=8-15
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antiradicular
Chemicals (6)
BOLDINE
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
THYMOL EC=60
Larvicide Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-THUJONE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
FENCHONE
THYMOL
THYMYL-ACETATE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (5)
BOLDINE
CHOLINE
EUGENOL 100 ppm
ISORHAMNETIN
TANNIN
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
FARNESOL IC50=50 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
CNS-Stimulant Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
RETICULINE
Carcinogenic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCARIDOLE
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Abortifacient Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
BOLDINE
PACHYCARPINE
SPARTEINE
Narcotic
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
ISOCORYDINE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
BOLDINE ED50=34 mg/kg
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
GUAIAZULENE
LINALOOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Emetic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BOLDINE
CAMPHOR
RETICULINE
Anticancer
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL #NAME?
TANNIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
SPARTEINE
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE ED51-98=60 mg/kg orl rbt
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GUAIAZULENE
Juvabional Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (3)
ASCARIDOLE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Rubefacient
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMYL-ACETATE
Antiflu
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CHOLINE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BOLDINE
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LAUROTETANINE
LINALOOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Hypnotic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE
COUMARIN
LINALOOL
Cardiodepressant Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (3)
CHOLINE
COUMARIN
SPARTEINE 5 mg/kg ivn rbt
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BOLDINE IC53=75 uM
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL IC50=39 uM
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
SPARTEINE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
ISOCORYDINE
Antipeptic
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
GUAIAZULENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
ASCARIDOLE
THYMOL
Fungistat Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHOLINE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISORHAMNETIN
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
NEROL
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
Antilithic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
LIMONENE
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Pediculicide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
CHOLINE
Curaroid Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LAUROTETANINE
SPARTEINE
Oxytocic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
PACHYCARPINE
SPARTEINE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BOLDINE 25 uM rat
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
COUMARIN
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LIMONENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
TANNIN
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
FARNESOL
LIMONENE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ISORHAMNETIN
LINALOOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (2)
ISOBOLDINE
LIMONENE
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
Cholinergic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
PRONUCIFERINE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (2)
SPARTEINE
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Teratogenic Rodrigues de Almeida, E., Melo, A. M., Xavier, H. 2000. Toxicological Evaluation of the Hydro- alcohol Extract of the Dry Leaves of Peumus boldus and Boldine in Rats. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 99-102.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Antihepatotic
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Scabicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiganglionic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE 1 mg/kg ivn cat
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antimetastatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antidopaminergic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Neuroleptic
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LC50=2 ppm
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticarcinomic (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Chemicals (1)
ISORHAMNETIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Uricosuric Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOBOLDINE
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hyperthermic Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE
Cathartic
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 23 uM
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antitachycardic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiadrenergic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOCORYDINE
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 1/70th diltiazem
Tachycardiagenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Bradycardic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Uterocontractant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Respiradepressant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
SPARTEINE
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Hirudicide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
2-UNDECANONE
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antileprotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GUAIAZULENE
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Gastrostimulant Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
Vasoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 1/70th diltiazem
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Pyrogenic Dasgupta, S., Ray, A. B., Bhattacharya, S. K., Bose, R. 1979. Constituents of Pachygone ovata and Pharmacological Action of its Major Leaf Alkaloid. J Nat Prod, 42(4): 399-406.
Chemicals (1)
RETICULINE 5-20 mg/kg ipr rat
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE 0.05-0.1 uM
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Hydrogen-Peroxide-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE
Cataleptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ISOCORYDINE
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker de las Heras, B., Rios, J. L., Martinez-Mir, I., Rubio, E. 1990. A Study of the Adrenergic Activity of the Alkaloids Boldine and Glaucine. Pharmazie, 45(6): 443-444.
Chemicals (1)
BOLDINE 0.1 uM
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antispasmolytic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PRONUCIFERINE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Anticarcinomic (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiflatulent
Chemicals (1)
ASCARIDOLE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Pheromonal
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.