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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
ACETONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl cat
EUGENOL 200-400
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (6)
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (21)
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
ETHANOL
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NERAL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CITRAL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidote Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
METHANOL #NAME?
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL 100
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
SABINENE
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
METHANOL EC50=<20 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CITRAL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
HUMULENE IC50=86 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
ETHANOL
MENTHOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (6)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
ETHANOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NERAL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DELTA-CADINENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
BETA-BISABOLENE IC57=100 mg/kg
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
SABINENE
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
MENTHOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
GERANIAL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
CITRAL
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
MENTHOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CAPRYLIC-ACID 300 mg/man/12 x/day
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carminative
Chemicals (3)
COPAENE
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE orl man
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (4)
ACETONE
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
MENTHOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TOLUENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CITRAL
ETHANOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CIS-3-HEXENOL FEMA 1-5
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE FEMA <1-700
CITRONELLYL-FORMATE FEMA 4-100
DIMETHYL-SULFIDE FEMA 0.1-2
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXYL-FORMATE FEMA 10-50
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
METHYL-BUTYRATE FEMA 20-100
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PROPIONIC-ACID FEMA 1-36,000
Fungicide
Chemicals (17)
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID 2,500-36,000
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypertensive
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL >1 drink/day
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL Antidote=Naloxone
Hypocalcemic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl rat
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 1 drink/day
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (18)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE
DIMETHYL-SULFIDE
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (5)
BORNEOL
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETONE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Perfume Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
ISOAMYL-ALCOHOL
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (24)
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-BISABOLENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOPULEGOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
METHYL-BUTYRATE
MYRCENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
SABINENE
TIGLIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (25)
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DELTA-CADINENE
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NERAL
P-CYMENE
PROPIONIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ETHANOL
MENTHOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Sedative
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Stomachic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Teratogenic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
ETHANOL 6,000 orl dog
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
ETHANOL 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.