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ActivityReference
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Vasodilator Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ADENINE
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (1)
D-CATECHIN
Tumor-Promoter Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL <0.2% diet
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Shin, C. G., Strayer, J. M., Wani, M., Snapka, R. M. 1990. Rapid Evaluation of Topoisomerase Inhibitors: Caffeine Inhibition of Topoisomerases in vivo. Teratogen Carcinogen Mutagen, 10: 41-52.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 99 mM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Shin, C. G., Strayer, J. M., Wani, M., Snapka, R. M. 1990. Rapid Evaluation of Topoisomerase Inhibitors: Caffeine Inhibition of Topoisomerases in vivo. Teratogen Carcinogen Mutagen, 10: 41-52.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 0.1 nM
Teratogenic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE 14 orl rat
THEOBROMINE 100 mg/kg
THEOPHYLLINE
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE 1,500 mg/man
THEOPHYLLINE
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 1,500 mg/man
Respirastimulant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Pyrogenic Dascombe, M. J. 1977. Effects of Methylxanthine Drugs on Pyrogen-Induced Hyperthermia. Eur J Pharmacol, 45: 389-392.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 60 mg/day oral hmn
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Prostaglandin-Secretor Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE 10 mg/kg orl rat
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Pesticide
Chemicals (6)
ADENINE
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
TANNIN
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Myostimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE 100 uM
Myocardiotonic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ADENINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Lypolytic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Lithogenic
Chemicals (1)
ADENINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ADENINE
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Hypocholesterolemic
Chemicals (1)
MUCILAGE
Hyperuricemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ADENINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Hypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Herbicide
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
THEOBROMINE IC41=100 ppm
THEOPHYLLINE IC58=100 ppm
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
TANNIN
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE FEMA 125
Fetotoxic
Chemicals (2)
THEOBROMINE 100 mg/kg
THEOPHYLLINE 100 mg/kg
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GUANINE
Ergotamine-Enhancer Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Energizer
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 20-200 mg/man
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Emetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Diuretic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
ADENINE
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE 300-600 mg/man/day
THEOPHYLLINE 15 mg/kg ivn rbt
Dermatitigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Demulcent
Chemicals (1)
MUCILAGE
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Coronary-Dilator McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Convulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (4)
ADENINE
CAFFEINE 100 orl mus
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
cGMP-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Catabolic Abstract (See species file)
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Cardiovascular Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE 30 mg/kg orl rat
Cardiotonic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE 10-25 orl dog
D-CATECHIN
THEOBROMINE
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CATECHOL 0.8% diet
TANNIN
XANTHINE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
D-CATECHIN
MUCILAGE
TANNIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Chemicals (2)
THEOBROMINE IC50=0.06 mg/ml
THEOPHYLLINE IC50=0.06 mg/ml
Bronchodilator Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Arteriodilator
Chemicals (2)
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 1,500 mg/man
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antiviral
Chemicals (5)
ADENINE
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
TANNIN
THEOPHYLLINE
Antivaccinia
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
SAPONINS
Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
TANNIN
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE 100 uM
Antiserotonergic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 40 ipr rat
Antiseptic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antirhinitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE 140 mg/day/orl/man
THEOPHYLLINE
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antioxidant
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE
CATECHOL
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antinarcotic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (2)
SAPONINS
TANNIN
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihypotensive Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 250 mg/day/orl/man
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihepatomic
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Antigranulocytopenic
Chemicals (1)
ADENINE
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antiemphysemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE
Antiemetic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE Charcoal & Propanolol
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antidermatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticoagulant
Chemicals (1)
D-CATECHIN
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticellulitic
Chemicals (2)
THEOBROMINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
TANNIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE
Antibradyarrhythmic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THEOPHYLLINE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiasthmatic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEINE 5-10 mg/kg orl/man
THEOBROMINE 10 mg/kg/orl/man
THEOPHYLLINE 5 mg/kg/orl/man
Antiapoptotic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Antiapneic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
THEOPHYLLINE
Antianemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ADENINE 1.5 g/day
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THEOBROMINE
Analgesic-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Analeptic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE 200 scu mus
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
CATECHOL
THEOPHYLLINE
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL IC50=0.65 mM
Adenosine-Antagonist McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEINE
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
(+)-Inotropic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEINE
THEOPHYLLINE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.