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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Abortifacient
Chemicals (2)
BETA-BISABOLENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
VICENIN-2 IC50=0.2 mM/l
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CIRSILINEOL 10 uM
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CITRAL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL 200-400
METHYL-EUGENOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
EUCALYPTOL
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-CAROTENE
CAMPHOR
LINOLEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
GERANIAL
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
ESTRAGOLE IC50=320 uM
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiaging
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CITRAL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LINOLEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 4 uM
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
VICENIN-2
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
LINOLEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antibacterial
Chemicals (24)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CITRAL
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SINAPIC-ACID
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE
CITRAL
LIMONENE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (5)
BETA-CAROTENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 50 mg/man/2 days
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidepressant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
CALCIUM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
URSOLIC-ACID
XYLOSE
16-HYDROXY-4,4,10,13-TETRAMETHYL-17-(4-METHYL-PENTYL)-HEXADECAHYDRO-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-3-ONE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
LUTEOLIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
METHYL-EUGENOL
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastritic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUCALYPTOL
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
NEROL
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihepatomic
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SINAPIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
CITRAL
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihyperkeratotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
FIBER
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID IC50=42 uM
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIRSILINEOL IC~37=1,000 uM
CITRAL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
ISOTHYMONIN IC~37=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
ORIENTIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
VICENIN-2 ED50=148 (ipr mus)
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antileukemic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukoplakic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID IC50=42 uM
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC71=50 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilupus Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 150 mg/man/day/2 mos
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
Antimalarial
Chemicals (3)
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
LUTEOLIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (13)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CARNOSIC-ACID
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SAPONINS
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
CALCIUM
FIBER
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
TANNIN
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
CALCIUM 500-2,000 mg/day
PHOSPHORUS
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (24)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CARNOSIC-ACID IC50=0.81 uM
CARVACROL
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
ISOTHYMONIN 10 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ORIENTIN
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
SINAPIC-ACID IC27=30 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
VICENIN
ISOTHYMUSIN 10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antiozenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipapillomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
CALCIUM 750 mg/day
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
VICENIN
Antiperoxynitrite
Chemicals (1)
SINAPIC-ACID IC39=5 uM
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiphotophobic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
AntiPMS
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1 g/day
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-ELEMENE
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiprostatotic
Chemicals (1)
PHYTOSTEROLS
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiseptic
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CIRSILINEOL
CITRAL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antistress
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-CAROTENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL
EUGENOL
FIBER
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-CAROTENE IC45=60 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (CNS)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (7)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE IC30=60 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE IC26=45 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
EUCALYPTOL
LUTEOLIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-BISABOLENE IC57=100 mg/kg
BETA-CAROTENE 12 mg 3x/day/man/orl
CITRAL
EUGENOL
FIBER
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
GERANIAL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
PHOSPHORUS
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (9)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (3)
FIBER
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE IC50=257.6 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
METHYL-CHAVICOL IC50=258 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ORIENTIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (25)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 22 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAMPHOR
CIRSILINEOL
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
FIBER
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
METHYL-EUGENOL
MUCILAGE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
ORIENTIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SINAPIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE 4.4 uM/15 mos. scu mus
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
LUTEOLIN
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
STEARIC-ACID
Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
FORMIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
BETA-CAROTENE IC78=50 ug/ml
CIRSILINEOL IC37=1,000 uM
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ISOTHYMONIN IC37=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
BETA-CAROTENE IC82=50 ug/ml
CIRSILINEOL IC>37=1,000 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
ISOTHYMONIN IC>37=1,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CARVACROL #NAME?
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
CITRAL
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
EUCALYPTOL
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Demulcent
Chemicals (1)
MUCILAGE
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Differentiator
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
CALCIUM
FIBER
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
METHYL-CHAVICOL
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
NEROL
Expectorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CITRAL
EUCALYPTOL
LIMONENE
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
ESTRAGOLE FEMA 4-150
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIAL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
SINAPIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-CAROTENE
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ESTRAGOLE 0.23-0.46% diet/12 mos.
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (11)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
FIBER
LINOLEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
MUCILAGE
OLEIC-ACID
PHYTOSTEROLS
STEARIC-ACID
16-HYDROXY-4,4,10,13-TETRAMETHYL-17-(4-METHYL-PENTYL)-HEXADECAHYDRO-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-3-ONE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
CALCIUM 1 g/day
EUCALYPTOL
FIBER 10 g/man/day/orl
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
METHYL-CHAVICOL
MYRCENE
Hypotriglyceridemic
Chemicals (1)
16-HYDROXY-4,4,10,13-TETRAMETHYL-17-(4-METHYL-PENTYL)-HEXADECAHYDRO-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-3-ONE
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Immunomodulator Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID 0.12 ml/man/day
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 180 mg/man/day/orl
PHOSPHORUS
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Insectifuge
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
ESTRAGOLE
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interferon-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,200 mg
FIBER
LDL-lytic
Chemicals (1)
16-HYDROXY-4,4,10,13-TETRAMETHYL-17-(4-METHYL-PENTYL)-HEXADECAHYDRO-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-3-ONE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Lymphocytogenic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID 0.5 ug/ml
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ESTRAGOLE
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
BORNEOL
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Narcotic
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CITRAL
LUTEOLIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LUTEOLIN
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHOSPHORUS
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Parasiticide
Chemicals (1)
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (15)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-BISABOLENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CITRAL
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NEROL
OLEIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (32)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIRSILINEOL
CITRAL
EUCALYPTOL
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
METHYL-CHAVICOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
PALMITIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SINAPIC-ACID
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
CIRSILINEOL IC50=36 uM
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Prooxidant
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 20 ug/g
Propecic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID 39.5 g/day/hmn
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
VICENIN
VICENIN-2
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
BORNEOL
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Stomachic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Azuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
EUGENOL
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
EUGENOL
FIBER
LUTEOLIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
EUCALYPTOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.