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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
5-HT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
ESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM)=20
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
FORMIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ASTRAGALIN ID50=180 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
NICOTIANAMINE IC50=0.26 uM/
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
FUMARIC-ACID
LACTIC-ACID
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
NICOTINE
Additive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID FEMA 200-2,000
Aggregant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
RUTIN IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (11)
AESCULETIN IC50=0.74 ug/ml cow
ASTRAGALIN IC30=1 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 100 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
RUTIN 100 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=6.2 ug/ml cow
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (6)
CATECHOL IC50=0.65 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
RUTIN
SALICYLALDEHYDE IC50=0.51 mM
SCOPOLETIN IC89=2 mM
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
FERULIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
OLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analeptic
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Analgesic
Chemicals (12)
AESCULETIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
NICOTINE 2 mg/kg ipr mus
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
SCOPOLETIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 100 IU 3 x day
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZOIC-ACID
ETHANOL 4,000 orl cat
EUGENOL 200-400
GUAIACOL
PHENOL
SCOPOLETIN
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anhydrotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Anorectic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
ANS-Paralytic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
ANS-Stimulant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
Antiacne Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiadhesive
Chemicals (1)
MANNOSE
Antiadrenergic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.73 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
SCOPOLETIN IC50=65 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CICHORIIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
FERULIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL IC50=0.72 uM
KAEMPFEROL 30 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
RUTIN ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
TOCOPHEROL
Antiaging
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antiallergic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
RUTIN
Antialopecic
Chemicals (4)
INOSITOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL 2,000 IU
Antiamebic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTAMINE
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antianginal
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL 1,067 mg/man/day
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (2)
ERGOSTEROL
QUERCETIN
Antiaphthic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID 20,000 ppm
Antiapoplectic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
SCOPOLETIN
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
SCOPOLETIN
Antiasthmatic?
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
RUTIN
Antiatheromic Cerda, J.J. Pectin in Health and Disease. HortScience, 25(12): 1485, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN 15 g/man/day
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (8)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ETHANOL
LUTEIN
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (27)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ACETOPHENONE
AESCULETIN
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
CYCLOARTENOL
ESCULETIN
ETHANOL
EUGENOL 500 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
GUAIACOL 8,000 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
LIGNIN
MALIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PECTIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RISHITIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TOCOPHEROL
Antibronchoconstrictor
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Anticalculic
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (8)
BETA-CAROTENE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIGNIN
RUTIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CATECHOL
LUTEIN
TOCOPHEROL IC50=125 ug/ml
Anticancer (Cervix) Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TRIGONELLINE
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TRIGONELLINE
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
RUTIN 20-100 mg orl man
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TOCOPHEROL
Anticataract
Chemicals (4)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticephalagic
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Anticerebrotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antichilblain Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID 50 mg/3x/day
Anticholesteremic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ORNITHINE
Anticholinergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Antichorea
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antichoreic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
GABA 1-32 g/man/day
TOCOPHEROL
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (2)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
RUTIN
Anticoagulant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL
GABA 4,120 mg/kg ipr mus
RUTIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL
Anticoronary
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE 50 mg/man/2 days
LIGNIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 100-200 IU/day
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
NICOTINIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 270 mg/man/day
Anticystitic
Chemicals (2)
MANNOSE 0.25-1 tsp 3-4 x/day orl man
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidecubitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antidementia
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (5)
FUMARIC-ACID
GUAIACOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (9)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FRUCTOSE
MALTOSE
PECTIN 10 g/man/day/orl
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SORBITOL (Insulin-Sparing) 30 g/man/day
TOCOPHEROL 600-1,200 mg/day
XYLOSE
Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Antidiarrheic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
LIGNIN
PECTIN
Antidote (Ammonia) Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ORNITHINE
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote (pesticides) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Antidysenteric HerbalGram No. 24, page 37.
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antieczemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (7)
4-VINYL-GUAIACOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENOL 100
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 270 mg/day orl man
SCOPOLETIN
Antielastase
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ORNITHINE
Antienteritic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antienzymatic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
PIPERIDINE
Antiepitheleomic
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antierythemic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
QUERCETIN
Antiesophagitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Antiestrogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
NICOTINE
QUERCETIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (11)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CICHORIIN
EUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
NICOTINE
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SUCCINIC-ACID
Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID 300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antiflu Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ERGOSTEROL
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antifumitory Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigastritic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
PECTIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 60 mg/day
Antiglycosation Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antihematuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
RUTIN
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatocarcinogenic Akao, M. and Kuroda, K. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Fumaric Acid on Hepatocarcinogenesis by Thioacetamide in Mice. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2012-2014, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FUMARIC-ACID IC100=1% (diet)
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiherpetic Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antihiccup Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE 1 tsp
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
QUERCETIN-3'-METHYLETHER
RUTIN
AntiHIV
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIGNIN
QUERCETIN
Antihomocystinuric
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antihydrocoele Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperglycemic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TRIGONELLINE
Antihyperkeratotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (3)
GABA 1,000-4,000 mg/man/day
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiimplantation
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antiincontinence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiinfertility
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
4-VINYL-GUAIACOL
AESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CYCLOARTENOL
ESCULETIN IC50=0.1-5 uM
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FERULIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL 20 mg/kg
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg
SCOPOLETIN ED 1-10 ug/ear
STIGMASTEROL
TOCOPHEROL
Antiinsomniac
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiketotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FRUCTOSE
SORBITOL
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=64
Antilethargic
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Antileukemic
Chemicals (8)
ASTRAGALIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.1 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
TOCOPHEROL 100-250 uM
Antileukoplakic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antileukorrheic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
LACTIC-ACID
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antileukotrienogenic
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC71=50 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
PECTIN
TOCOPHEROL 600 mg/day
Antilupus Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 150 mg/man/day/2 mos
TOCOPHEROL
Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
LUTEIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antimalarial Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=>100 ug/ml
Antimastalgic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
AntiMD
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (3)
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antimigraine
Chemicals (1)
TRIGONELLINE
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
AntiMS
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
TOCOPHEROL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (16)
AESCULETIN
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL ID50=10-40 nM
NONACOSANE 250 ug/ml
PECTIN
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
RUTIN ID50=2-5 nM
SCOPOLETIN
Antimyoatrophic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antimyoclonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antinauseant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antineuritic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antineuropathic
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antineuropathic? Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL 2 g/day
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LIGNIN
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antinyctalopic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEIN
Antiobesity Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Antionychogryphotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL 2.3 mg ipr mus
Antiophthalmic
Chemicals (2)
SUCROSE
TOCOPHEROL
Antiosteoarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID
PHENOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (27)
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CATALASE
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
FUMARIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL IC79=30 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL IC50=40 uM
LIGNIN
LUTEIN
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC24=30 ppm
PHENOL
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
RUTIN IC28=30 ppm
SCOPOLETIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
SPERMIDINE
STIGMASTEROL IC33=10 uM
SUCROSE
TOCOPHEROL IC50=30 ug/ml
TRIMETHYLAMINE
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
CITRIC-ACID
LACTIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antiozenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipapillomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
QUERCETIN
RUTIN IC50=10-20 uM
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN
Antiphotophobic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
AntiPMS
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
TOCOPHEROL 300 IU 2 x day
Antipodriac
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (7)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEIN
QUERCETIN 10 nM
RUTIN 50-75 uM/l
SCOPOLETIN
TOCOPHEROL IC50=150 ug/ml
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (5)
4-VINYL-GUAIACOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENOL 11 uM
SCOPOLETIN
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatotic
Chemicals (1)
PHYTOSTEROLS
Antiprotozoal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipruritic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Antipsoriac Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
FUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
BENZOIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antipyruvetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (12)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
KAEMPFEROL 7 x quercetin
LUTEIN
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RUTIN 9 x quercetin
SHIKIMIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
TOCOPHEROL
Antiretinitic Optometry
Chemicals (1)
LUTEIN
Antiretinopathic? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-CAROTENE
CYCLOARTENOL 2-5 mg/man
TOCOPHEROL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antischizophrenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antisenility
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
AESCULETIN
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
ETHANOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FORMIC-ACID
GUAIACOL
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
MALIC-ACID
M-CRESOL
OXALIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PHENOL
SCOPOLETIN
TRIGONELLINE
Antiserotonin
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 200 mg/kg ipr rat
Antisickling Ekeke, G.I. and Shode, F.O. 1988. Phenylalanine is the Predominant Antisickling Agent in Cajanus cajan Seed Extract. Planta Medica 56(1): 41, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ASPARAGINE
TOCOPHEROL
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PHENOL
Antismoking
Chemicals (2)
ANABASINE
(-)-ANABASINE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 300 mg/man/day
Antispastic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
AESCULETIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CYCLOARTENOL
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
Antisterility
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antistress Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
GABA
Antistroke Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antisunburn
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antithalassemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN EC50=500 nM
Antithrombotic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL 600 IU/day
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithromboxane-B2 Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL
Antithyroid
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
RUTIN IC50=68 uM
Antithyrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Antitinnitic
Chemicals (1)
GABA
AntiTNF
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
Antitoxemic
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Antitrypanosomic Planta Medica, 57: A44, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
RUTIN 100 mg/kg
Antitubercular
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antituberculic
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Antitumor
Chemicals (22)
BETA-CAROTENE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
ERGOSTEROL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
FUMARIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIGNIN
MALIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 uM
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN 2.9 ug/ml
SHIKIMIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 7 uM ckn
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Breast) Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE IC45=60 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CATECHOL
LUTEIN
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL IC50=125 ug/ml
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TRIGONELLINE
Antitumor (CNS)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LUTEIN
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Colorectal)
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL 500-10,000 uM
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TRIGONELLINE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE IC30=60 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
PECTIN
TOCOPHEROL 100-250 uM
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC26=45 ug/ml
TOCOPHEROL
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PECTIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-CAROTENE 12 mg 3x/day/man/orl
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
MELILOTIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 67 mg/man/3 x/day/orl
AntiUTI
Chemicals (1)
MANNOSE
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
LACTIC-ACID
Antivaricose
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (16)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ERGOSTEROL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml
LIGNIN
NONACOSANE
PHENOL
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCETIN-3,3'-DIMETHYLETHER
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
STIGMASTEROL
Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antixerotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
LACTIC-ACID
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GABA
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (7)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL 60 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
RUTIN 75 uM/l
SCOPOLETIN
TOCOPHEROL 100-250 uM
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL IC12=1 uM/l
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
STIGMASTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Atherogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Bacteristat
Chemicals (3)
ISOEUGENOL
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BUTYRIC-ACID
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
BETAINE
MALIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
TOCOPHEROL
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (26)
AESCULETIN
BETA-CAROTENE 22 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PECTIN
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
QUERCETIN-3'-METHYLETHER
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
STIGMASTEROL
SUCCINIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL
Candidicide Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAPRYLIC-ACID 300 mg/man/12 x/day
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
CATECHOL 0.8% diet
DIETHYL-AMINE
KAEMPFEROL
LINOLEIC-ACID
PHENOL
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
GUAIACOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
BETAINE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL
QUERCITRIN
Cardiovascular Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (2)
GABA 208 ivn dog
NICOTINE 0.25 mg/kg ivn dog
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Cataractagenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SORBITOL
Cathartic
Chemicals (1)
SORBITOL
Cerebroprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
LIGNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (6)
BETA-CAROTENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PECTIN
RUTIN
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
AESCULETIN
BENZOIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
NICOTINIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
QUINIC-ACID
SCOPOLETIN
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL 2,000 mg/man/day
Cholinergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Circulatory-Stimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Circulotonic
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (8)
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
PHENOL
PIPERIDINE
PYRIDINE
QUERCITRIN
SCOPOLETIN
SCOPOLIN
CNS-Inhibitor Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
GABA 2,500 mg/kg scu mus
CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
SCOPOLETIN
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CATECHOL
Coleoptophile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
DIMETHYL-AMINE
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Collyrium Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE
LUTEIN
NEOXANTHIN
VIOLAXANTHIN
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Convulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CATECHOL
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Cosmetic
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
FORMIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC78=50 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
BETA-CAROTENE IC82=50 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN <40 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50 (uM) =20
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
RUTIN IC50=3 uM
Cytotoxic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (9)
AESCULETIN
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL 25 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
SCOPOLETIN
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Demulcent Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
PECTIN
SUCROSE
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Dermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
GUAIACOL
Dermatitigenic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (5)
AESCULETIN
CATECHOL
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
XYLOSE
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
PIPERIDINE
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ASPARAGINE
BETAINE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GABA 1,500-4,000 mg/man/day
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
SORBITOL
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Dopaminigenic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
QUERCITRIN
SUCCINIC-ACID
XYLOSE
Ectoparasiticide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
GUAIACOL
PHENOL
Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Epidermal-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
TRIGONELLINE
Epinephrininergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
STIGMASTEROL
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Ethanolytic
Chemicals (1)
BETAINE
Expectorant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ASTRAGALIN
BENZOIC-ACID
BETAINE
ETHANOL
GUAIACOL 0.3-0.6 ml/man
Fatal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
RAFFINOSE
STACHYOSE
SUCROSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
CITRIC-ACID FEMA 370-4,400
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
FUMARIC-ACID FEMA 50-3,600
GUAIACOL FEMA <1-1
LACTIC-ACID FEMA 10-25,000
METHYL-PHENYLACETATE FEMA 0.1-35
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 0.8-10
PHENYLACETIC-ACID FEMA 0.1-30
PIPERIDINE FEMA .1-5
PROPIONIC-ACID FEMA 1-36,000
PYRIDINE FEMA 0.02
SALICYLALDEHYDE FEMA 0.5-20
SORBITOL FEMA 1,000-280,000
Fumigant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
M-CRESOL
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
ACETOPHENONE
AESCULETIN
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CAPSIDIOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GLUTINOSONE
KAEMPFEROL 20 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PECTIN
PHENOL
PROPIONIC-ACID 2,500-36,000
QUERCETIN
RISHITIN
SCOPOLETIN 2 mM
SOLAVETIVONE
Fungistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
4-METHYL-CATECHOL
FORMIC-ACID
ISOEUGENOL 100 ug/ml
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-CAROTENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hemolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
M-CRESOL 3,000 ppm
PALMITIC-ACID
PHENOL 5,400 ppm
Hemopoietic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Hemostat
Chemicals (6)
CELLULOSE
CITRIC-ACID
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
RUTIN 20,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (14)
AESCULETIN 6 mg/kg mus
BETAINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN 6 mg/kg mus
EUGENOL 100 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL IC50=5.46 uM
LINOLEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg rat
SCOPOLETIN
TOCOPHEROL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCITRIN
Hepatotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
PIPERIDINE
Herbicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
CATECHOL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
NICOTINE IC57=5 mM
RISHITIN
SCOPOLETIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=50-150 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Humectant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SORBITOL
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypercholesterolemic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Hyperglycemic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Hypertensive Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
ETHANOL >1 drink/day
TRYPTAMINE
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ACETOPHENONE
ETHANOL Antidote=Naloxone
Hypoammonemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ORNITHINE
Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ORNITHINE
Hypocalcemic Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL 4,000 orl rat
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (12)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CYCLOARTENOL
LIGNIN
LINOLEIC-ACID
NICOTINIC-ACID 1-6 g/man/day
OLEIC-ACID
PECTIN
PHYTOSTEROLS
RUTIN
STIGMASTEROL
TOCOPHEROL 100-450 IU/man/day
TRIGONELLINE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
NICOTINIC-ACID
PECTIN
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
QUERCITRIN
SCOPOLETIN
TOCOPHEROL 600 IU/man/day
TRIGONELLINE 500-3,000 mg/man/day
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
FERULIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASTRAGALIN
ETHANOL 1 drink/day
GABA 1,000-4,000 mg/day
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
SHIKIMIC-ACID
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (6)
ASTRAGALIN
BETA-CAROTENE 180 mg/man/day/orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TOCOPHEROL 60-800 IU
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=<15 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Insecticide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (6)
ANABASINE
EUGENOL
MYOSMINE IC43= 800 ug/adult
NICOTINE IC100=1,000 ppm
RUTIN
(-)-ANABASINE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZOIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CICHORIIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GUAIACOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PIPERIDINE 50 ppm
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Insulin-Sparing Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL 1,000 IU
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Interferon-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
GUAIACOL
ISOBUTYRIC-ACID
LACTIC-ACID
MALONIC-ACID
M-CRESOL
METHYL-AMINE
OLEIC-ACID
OXALIC-ACID
PROPIONIC-ACID
PYRIDINE
JNK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (5)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TRITRIACONTANE
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
LACTIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
RUTIN IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet
Laxative
Chemicals (3)
FRUCTOSE
LIGNIN
SORBITOL 5-15 g/man/day
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipolytic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINIC-ACID
Lipotropic
Chemicals (2)
BETAINE
INOSITOL
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (9)
AESCULETIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
ESCULETIN
KAEMPFEROL
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC11=5 mM
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
RUTIN IC75=2.5 mM
TOCOPHEROL
Litholytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCITRIN
SCOPOLETIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
ISOEUGENOL
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOEUGENOL
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
BETAINE
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mucotropic Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (3)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
SCOPOLETIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (5)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
TRIGONELLINE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Myoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
AESCULETIN
ANABASINE
ESCULETIN
RUTIN
SCOPOLETIN
(-)-ANABASINE
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Natriuretic
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BUTYRIC-ACID 880 ug/ml
NICOTINE
RISHITIN EC50=100 ug/ml
Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (1)
FRUCTOSE
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroinhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GABA
Neurolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
GABA (to birds)
NICOTINE
Neurotransmitter
Chemicals (1)
GABA
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
KAEMPFEROL IC50=13.9 uM
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
TOCOPHEROL
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
QUERCETIN <10 uM
TOCOPHEROL 400 mg/kg
Osmoregulator
Chemicals (1)
TRIGONELLINE
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
RUTIN
Ovulant
Chemicals (1)
STIGMASTEROL
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL 500-10,000 uM
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
RUTIN
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Parasiticide
Chemicals (1)
M-CRESOL
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (15)
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ACETOPHENONE FEMA <10,000
EUGENOL
ISOBUTYRALDEHYDE
M-CRESOL 0.10%
METHYL-PHENYLACETATE
OLEIC-ACID
PHENYL-ACETALDEHYDE
PHENYLACETIC-ACID
PIPERIDINE 10,000-15,000
PROPIONIC-ACID
PYRROLIDINE
SALICYLALDEHYDE
SUCCINIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN
Pesticide
Chemicals (54)
1,8-CINEOLE
2-NONANONE
4-METHYL-CATECHOL
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
ACETOPHENONE
AESCULETIN
ANABASINE
BENZOIC-ACID
BETAINE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAPRYLIC-ACID
CAPSIDIOL
CATECHOL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CYCLOARTENOL
DIMETHYL-AMINE
ERGOSTEROL
ESCULETIN
ETHANOL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
FORMIC-ACID
GUAIACOL
ISOEUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL
LIGNIN
MALIC-ACID
M-CRESOL
MYOSMINE
NICOTINE
OXALIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PECTIN
PHENOL
PIPERIDINE
PROPIONIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RISHITIN
RUTIN
SALICYLALDEHYDE
SCOPOLETIN
SHIKIMIC-ACID
SOLAVETIVONE
SUCCINIC-ACID
TRIGONELLINE
TRITRIACONTANE
TRYPTAMINE
(-)-ANABASINE
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
FERULIC-ACID
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TOCOPHEROL
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phytoalexin Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (6)
BENZOIC-ACID
CAPSIDIOL
GLUTINOSONE
RISHITIN
SCOPOLETIN
SOLAVETIVONE
Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SCOPOLETIN
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID
FORMIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Prooxidant
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE 20 ug/g
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEIN 5-40 ug/g
Propecic
Chemicals (4)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
TRIGONELLINE
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
4-VINYL-GUAIACOL IC50=18 uM
AESCULETIN 100 uM rbt
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
GUAIACOL IC50=57 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TOCOPHEROL 10-50 uM
Protisticide
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
KAEMPFEROL
RUTIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Purgative Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
SORBITOL 30-50 g/man/day
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (4)
CATECHOL
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM
LUTEIN 2.5 ug
QUERCETIN 6 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
OXALIC-ACID
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Respirastimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ANABASINE
(-)-ANABASINE
Retinoprotectant Optometry
Chemicals (1)
LUTEIN
Rodenticide
Chemicals (2)
M-CRESOL LD50=1,100 cut rat
PHENOL LD50=1,040 cut rat
Rubefacient Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
PROPIONIC-ACID
Sclerosant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
AMYLASE
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
EUGENOL
GABA
ISOEUGENOL
STIGMASTEROL
Serotoninergic
Chemicals (1)
NICOTINE
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ANABASINE
MALIC-ACID
(-)-ANABASINE
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Soporific Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ACETOPHENONE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Spinoconvulsant
Chemicals (1)
PIPERIDINE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLALDEHYDE
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (6)
AESCULETIN IC98=20 mg/l
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ESCULETIN IC98=20 mg/l
FERULIC-ACID
RUTIN
Surfactant Schulz, V, Hansel, R and Tyler, VE. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. 1st English Edition. Translated by Terry C. Telger. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 306 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ETHANOL
Sweetener Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (7)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
FRUCTOSE 2 x glucose
GALACTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
INOSITOL
MALTOSE 0.32 x sucrose
SORBITOL 0.6 x sucrose
SUCROSE 1 x sucrose
Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chemicals (2)
DIETHYL-AMINE
ETHANOL 6,000 orl dog
Teratologic
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ISOQUERCITRIN
KAEMPFEROL IC50=3.99 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
KAEMPFEROL
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Chemicals (4)
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
KAEMPFEROL IC50=8.1 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=1 ug/ml
Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
GABA
NICOTINE
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GUAIACOL
ISOBUTYRIC-ACID
Tremorilytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ETHANOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
ISOEUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Triglycerigenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHOL <0.2% diet
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
KAEMPFEROL ID50=230 uM
P-COUMARIC-ACID ID50=3,650 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CYCLOARTENOL
INOSITOL
LUTEIN
NEOXANTHIN
VIOLAXANTHIN
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
ETHANOL 5 ml/kg (50%) orl rat
EUGENOL
Urate-Solvent
Chemicals (1)
PIPERIDINE
Uricogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SUCROSE
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
SCOPOLETIN
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
KAEMPFEROL EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
UV-Screen Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
AESCULETIN
ESCULETIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
OXALIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (6)
EUGENOL
KAEMPFEROL
PHENOL
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TOCOPHEROL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (3)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TRYPTAMINE
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (4)
BENZOIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
SUCROSE
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
AESCULETIN IC52=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
ESCULETIN IC52=10 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.