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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Abortifacient
Chemicals (2)
BETA-BISABOLENE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1.2 mg/kg ivn mus
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=5 mM/l
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.2 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN IC50=3.8 uM
NEROLIDOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN IC82=1 mM
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
OLEIC-ACID
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (9)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TRANS-ANETHOLE 10-100 ug/ml
Anemiagenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
TRANS-ANETHOLE 10-100 ug/ml
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
D-LIMONENE IC22=1.2 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALOOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (4)
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaphthic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID 20,000 ppm
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (33)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
DELTA-3-CARENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
DIPENTENE
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
HEXANAL MBC=800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MALIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
MYRICETIN MIC=20-500 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN MIC=50 ug/ml
NERAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
GALLIC-ACID
Anticalculic
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Anticancer (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Anticancer (Cervix) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Colon) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Esophagus) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Anticancer (Mouth) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
TANNIN
Anticataract Shimizu, M., Horie, S., Terashima, S., Ueno, H., et al. 1989. Studies on Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Natural Products.II. Active Components of a Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Para-parai mi,' Phyllanthus niruri. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 37(9): 2531-2532, 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticoagulant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRICETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
TERPINOLENE
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID 300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antigastric
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
TRANS-ANETHOLE 40-400 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotrophic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigranular
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
ISOBORNEOL 600 ppm
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
AntiHIV Tan, G.T., Pezzuto, J.M., Kinghorn,* A.D., Hughes, S.H. Evaluation Of Natural Products As Inhibitors Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Reverse Transcriptase. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 143-154, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC90=200 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antileukotriene-D4
Chemicals (2)
LINOLEIC-ACID IC50=31 uM
OLEIC-ACID IC50=21 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
D-LIMONENE IC50=450 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antimutagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (10)
CITRIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
MYRICETIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRICITRIN ID50=10-40 nM
TANNIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GALLIC-ACID
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiotitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (17)
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
ELLAGIC-ACID >50 x tocopherol
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
MYRICETIN IC99=200 ppm
MYRICITRIN
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
TRANS-ANETHOLE
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=29 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=0.5 uM
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (6)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
TRANS-ANETHOLE
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
HEXANAL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
CITRIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID 1,250 ug/ml
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FURFURAL
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
HEXANAL 400-800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MALIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitubercular
Chemicals (3)
CITRIC-ACID
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
MALIC-ACID
Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CITRIC-ACID
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (4)
D-LIMONENE
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
TANNIN
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
BETA-BISABOLENE IC57=100 mg/kg
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
BORNYL-ACETATE
DIPENTENE
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
ISOBORNEOL 600 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRICETIN
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
Antiyeast
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=10.5 uM
GERANIAL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-ELEMENE
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN 60 uM
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
METHYL-CHAVICOL IC50=258 uM
TRANS-ANETHOLE IC50=75.2 uM gpg (weak activity)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
D-LIMONENE
ELLAGIC-ACID 3 ppm
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRICETIN
MYRISTIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=8.4 uM
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
GERANIOL
MYRICETIN MIC=150 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN MIC=400 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
GALLIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
COPAENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
D-LIMONENE
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
OLEIC-ACID 5 ml/man
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (3)
ACETONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Comedolytic
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MYRISTIC-ACID
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL #NAME?
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
ELLAGIC-ACID 4.6 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LINALOOL
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (3)
DELTA-3-CARENE
EUGENOL
OLEIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Diuretic
Chemicals (3)
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DNA-Binder
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TOLUENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
NEROL
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
DIPENTENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (35)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRIC-ACID FEMA 370-4,400
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE FEMA <1-700
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
D-LIMONENE FEMA 30-2,300
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANAL FEMA <1-5
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
OLEIC-ACID FEMA 1-30
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
TRANS-ANETHOLE FEMA 1,250-3,150
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID ID50=20 ug/ml
TANNIN
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Hemopoietic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Hemostat
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL
ELLAGIC-ACID IC55=30 ug/ml
EUGENOL 100 ppm
GALLIC-ACID
LINOLEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 224.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
D-LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINOLEIC-ACID
Immunostimulant McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Insectifuge
Chemicals (26)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
CITRONELLYL-ACETATE
DELTA-3-CARENE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
OLEIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg diet
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRICETIN
TANNIN
Litholytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
D-LIMONENE
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
Chemicals (1)
LINOLEIC-ACID
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ISOBORNEOL
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (3)
CITRIC-ACID
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
MALIC-ACID
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic
Chemicals (2)
ACETONE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
ISOBORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LINOLEIC-ACID
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
MYRISTIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
PALMITIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (2)
D-LIMONENE
GALLIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
D-LIMONENE IC50=0.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Paramecicide Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICITRIN
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
OLEIC-ACID
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (30)
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-SELINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-BISABOLENE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SELINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
MYRTENYL-ACETATE
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
OLEIC-ACID
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (47)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
DELTA-CADINENE
DIPENTENE
D-LIMONENE
ELLAGIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GALLIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
HEXANAL
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MALIC-ACID
METHYL-CHAVICOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
MYRTENAL
NERAL
NEROL
NEROLIDOL
NERYL-ACETATE
PALMITIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Propecic
Chemicals (3)
LINOLEIC-ACID
OLEIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Protisticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (2)
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.4 g/kg rat
MYRICETIN 36 uM
Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOBORNEOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Stomachic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Sunscreen Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.50%
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sweetener
Chemicals (1)
TRANS-ANETHOLE 13 x sucrose
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
Chemicals (1)
ELLAGIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRICETIN
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (3)
ELLAGIC-ACID IC50=3.1 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.