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ActivityReference
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LD50=9.22 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
Adrenergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC100=2.5 mM
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
VANILLIN IC50=4.26 mM
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
NEROLIDOL
VANILLIN
Analgesic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Antiaggregant Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE 200 uM
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
FERULIC-ACID
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antianemic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250-1,000 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL IC50=39 uM
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticarcinomic (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antidrepanocytic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
FERULIC-ACID
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antienterococcic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiestrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
EUGENOL
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Antifertility
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiinflammatory Aquino, R., De Feo, V., De Simone, F., Pizza, C.*, and Cirino, G. Plant Metabolites. New Compounds And Anti-Inflammatory Activity Of Uncaria tomentosa. Journal of Natural Products, 54(2): 453-459, 1991.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiklebsiellic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antilactobacillic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
FARNESOL IC50=50 uM/l
Antimetastatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (8)
BENZALDEHYDE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
TANNIN
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
VANILLIN #NAME?
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antipruritic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antipseudomonic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
VANILLIN 7 x quercetin
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antisickling
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE ED50=8-15
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antitumor (Breast) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antiulcer Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
EUGENOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
TANNIN
Antiurease
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antiviral
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
VANILLIN 8-30 mM
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
FARNESOL
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LC50=2 ppm
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
VANILLIN 10-40 mmol/l
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (6)
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=16-40 ppm
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
VANILLIN 8-20 mM
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (6)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
VANILLIN
Chronotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Circulatory-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
CNS-Stimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC50=245 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE ED50=5-60 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Estrogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Expectorant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZOIC-ACID
FEMA Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL 3-700
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
BENZYL-BENZOATE FEMA 40-300
BENZYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 1-125
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID FEMA 4-40
CINNAMYL-CINNAMATE FEMA <1
ETHYL-BENZOATE FEMA 2-60
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FARNESOL FEMA 0.1-3
METHYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 2-40
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
VANILLIN FEMA 50-20,000
Fungicide
Chemicals (11)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE 1.7-250 ppm
CINNAMIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
VANILLIN
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL 100 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Hypotriglyceridemic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
FERULIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Irritant
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
STYRENE
VANILLIN
Juvabional Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
TANNIN
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Monoaminergic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
STYRENE
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (6)
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE 100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
FARNESOL MLC=100 ug/ml
METHYL-CINNAMATE MLC=1 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Pediculicide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Perfumery
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
NEROLIDOL
STYRENE
VANILLIN
Pesticide
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
METHYL-CINNAMATE
NEROLIDOL
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Pheromonal
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Scabicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Sedative Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
CINNAMALDEHYDE LD96=1 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Transdermal
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
FARNESOL LD100=100 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE ID50=129 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID ID50=700 uM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.