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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
METHYL-CINNAMATE
NEROLIDOL
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
FLavor
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZOIC-ACID FEMA 250
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
BENZYL-BENZOATE FEMA 40-300
BENZYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 1-125
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID FEMA 4-40
CINNAMYL-CINNAMATE FEMA <1
ETHYL-BENZOATE FEMA 2-60
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FARNESOL FEMA 0.1-3
METHYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 2-40
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
VANILLIN FEMA 50-20,000
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
NEROLIDOL
VANILLIN
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 33-1,250 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250-1,000 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
Fungicide Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (11)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE 1.7-250 ppm
CINNAMIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
VANILLIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL
P-CYMENE
STYRENE
VANILLIN
Sedative
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZYL-CINNAMATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
NEROLIDOL
STYRENE
VANILLIN
Antitumor
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE ED50=8-15
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Antispasmodic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
Antiviral
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Insectifuge J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (8)
BENZALDEHYDE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Anesthetic
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
Choleretic
Chemicals (6)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
VANILLIN
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (6)
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE 100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
FARNESOL MLC=100 ug/ml
METHYL-CINNAMATE MLC=1 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZOIC-ACID 800 ug/ml
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Candidicide
Chemicals (6)
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=16-40 ppm
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
VANILLIN 8-20 mM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE 500 mg/kg/orl
EUGENOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
TANNIN
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
VANILLIN #NAME?
Antileukemic
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
FARNESOL
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC100=2.5 mM
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
VANILLIN IC50=4.26 mM
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
HYDROXYHOPANONE
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
BENZOIC-ACID ID50=710 uM
CINNAMALDEHYDE ID50=129 ug/ml
CINNAMIC-ACID ID50=700 uM
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
CINNAMALDEHYDE 200 uM
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
FERULIC-ACID
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
VANILLIN 7 x quercetin
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL 100 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
EUGENOL
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID MIC=800 ug/ml
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LD50=9.22 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE IC50=245 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
NEROLIDOL
Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Hypotensive Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
FARNESOL LD100=100 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
STYRENE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
CINNAMALDEHYDE LD96=1 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
CINNAMIC-ACID
TANNIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Juvabional Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FARNESOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BENZOIC-ACID
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
TANNIN
VANILLIN
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
BENZALDEHYDE
COUMARIN
FERULIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
VANILLIN 10-40 mmol/l
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
P-CYMENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=500 ug/ml
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
TANNIN
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
FERULIC-ACID
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BENZOIC-ACID MFC=1,600 ug/ml
VANILLIN 8-30 mM
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZOIC-ACID
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
VANILLIN
CNS-Stimulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
FARNESOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
FARNESOL IC50=50 uM/l
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE ED50=5-60 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
TANNIN
Hypoglycemic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
TANNIN
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (2)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipseudomonic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Scabicide Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Anticarcinomic (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
FEMA Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMIC-ALCOHOL 3-700
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antianemic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidrepanocytic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Antimetastatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
Antiurease
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiklebsiellic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Pediculicide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Circulatory-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antipruritic
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticarcinomic (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL IC50=39 uM
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antitumor (Breast) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Uricosuric
Chemicals (1)
BENZOIC-ACID
Antifertility
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antisickling
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Antienterococcic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Monoaminergic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
Allelopathic Holappa, L.D., and Blum*, U. 1991. Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Bean. J. of Chemical Ecology, 17(5): 865.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
Pheromonal
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE MIC=250 ug/ml
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Hypotriglyceridemic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CURCUMENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Chronotropic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
FARNESOL
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Anticonvulsant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 11 uM
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Estrogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antilactobacillic
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN 10-100 mmol/l
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Adrenergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
VANILLIN
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE LC50=2 ppm
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Transdermal
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
CINNAMALDEHYDE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-BENZOATE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.