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ActivityReference
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ZINC
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Sawada, H., Hamatake, M., Hara, A., Nakagawa, M., Nakayama, T. 1989. Inhibition of Human Placenta Aldose Reductase by Tannic Acid. Chem Pharm Bull, 37(6): 1662-1664.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN IC50=3.8 uM
TANNIC-ACID IC50=1.8 ug/ml
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN IC82=1 mM
Allergenic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
NIACIN
TANNIC-ACID
Amphiglycemic? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
BETA-AMYRIN
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
PHENOL
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
ZINC
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
PHENOL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
POTASSIUM
Anorexic Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-CAROTENE
CHROMIUM
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
TIN
ZINC 135 mg/day
Antiacrodermatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 8-34 mg/day/orl/chd
Antiacrodynic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
SELENIUM
Antiaging Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Antialcoholic
Chemicals (4)
MAGNESIUM
MANGANESE
THIAMIN 50-100 mg/day
ZINC
Antialkali? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg/day/orl/man
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
LINALOOL
NIACIN 50 mg/2x/day
Antialopecic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
ZINC
Antialzheimeran Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
NIACIN
THIAMIN 100-3,000 mg/day
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiamblyopic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antianacarditic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID (Rhus)
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Antiandrogenic
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
IRON
MANGANESE
Antianginal
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
NIACIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID
LUPEOL 30-50 ug/ml
SELENIUM 2 uM
ZINC
Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM
THIAMIN
Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 2-10 mg/day orl
Antiarrhythmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
POTASSIUM
Antiarteriosclerotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SILICON
Antiarthritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
MAGNESIUM
MANGANESE
SELENIUM
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/orl/man
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MAGNESIUM
SELENIUM
Antiatherosclerotic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
SELENIUM
Antibackache Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antibacterial
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MYRICETIN MIC=20-500 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN MIC=50 ug/ml
PHENOL
TANNIC-ACID
TIN
Antiberiberi
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
AntiBPH
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Anticanker
Chemicals (3)
IRON
THIAMIN
ZINC 100 mg/day
Anticarcinomic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
BETULIN
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
Anticardiospasmic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID
Anticarpal-Tunnel Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
Anticataract Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN 15 mg/day
SELENIUM 400 ug/day
THIAMIN
ZINC 30 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM
RIBOFLAVIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
RIBOFLAVIN 1.6-10 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
CHROMIUM 200 ug
MAGNESIUM
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
IRON
RIBOFLAVIN
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Anticirrhotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Anticold
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
ZINC 50 mg
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticolitic
Chemicals (3)
TANNIC-ACID
THIAMIN
ZINC
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MAGNESIUM
NIACIN 3 g/day
Anticorneotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Anticoronary
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE 50 mg/man/2 days
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
ZINC
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
SELENIUM
ZINC
Antidecubitic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
RIBOFLAVIN
TANNIC-ACID
THIAMIN
Antideliriant
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidementia
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
NIACIN
THIAMIN
ZINC
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
FIBER
MAGNESIUM 400-800 mg/man/day
MANGANESE 3-5 mg/day
NIACIN
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antidote Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID For Heavy Metals
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
ZINC
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
CHROMIUM
Antidote (Mercury) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidysenteric Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antidysgeuzic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antidysmenorrheic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
Antidyspeptic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidysphagic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
ZINC 150 mg/day
Antiedemic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
BETA-AMYRIN IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
LINALOOL
LUPEOL
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
THIAMIN
ZINC
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500 mg/day
Antienteritic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antienterotic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antiepileptic
Chemicals (5)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM 450 mg/day
MANGANESE 450 mg/day
NIACIN 3 g/day
ZINC 100 mg/day
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
CHROMIUM 200 ug
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
THIAMIN
Antifeedant
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETULIN
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
TANNIC-ACID 2-4% diet
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
SELENIUM 400 ug
ZINC 30 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETULIN
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUPEOL
Antifuruncular Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 45 mg/3x/day/man
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigargantitic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antigastric
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigastritic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
THIAMIN
Antigastrotic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID
Antiglaucomic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
MAGNESIUM
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiglycosuric
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
Antigonadotrophic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Antigout
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM 200 ug
Antihangover
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
NIACIN 50 mg
THIAMIN 50 mg
ZINC 15 mg
Antiheartburn
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
TANNIC-ACID
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihepatotoxic Okuda, T., Yoshida, T., and Hatano, T. Antioxidant Effects of Tannins and Related Polyphenols. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.7 p.93.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID
THIAMIN
Antiherpetic?
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
LINALOOL
MYRICETIN
NIACIN 50 mg 2x/day
AntiHIV
Chemicals (6)
BETULIN 6.1 uM
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN
SELENIUM
TANNIC-ACID IC90=200 ug/ml
ZINC
Antihydrocoele Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antihyperactivity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1.5-6 g/day
Antihyperammonemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
Antihyperglycemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antihyperkeratotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
FIBER
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiincontinence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiinfective Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
ZINC 60 mg/day
Antiinflammatory Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-AMYRIN IC71=1,000 ppm orl
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-AMYRIN
BETULIN
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUPEOL 1/3 indomethacin
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
ZINC
Antiinsomnic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1 g/day
Antikeratitic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antikeshan Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
Antilepric Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
ZINC
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
SELENIUM 1.6 mg/kg ipr mus
Antileukonychic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antileukoplakic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC71=50 ug/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
GLUTAMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
MAGNESIUM
Antilupus Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 150 mg/man/day/2 mos
AntiLyme
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
MAGNESIUM 400-1,000 mg
NIACIN 50 mg/day
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
THIAMIN 50 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
ZINC
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
SELENIUM
ZINC
Antimalarial Khalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=46.8 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM 480 ug/kg
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
IRON 100 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
SELENIUM 480 ug/kg
ZINC
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM 200 mg/day/man
RIBOFLAVIN
THIAMIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
AntiMS Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM
PHENOL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRICETIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRICITRIN ID50=10-40 nM
TANNIC-ACID
Antimyalgic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
Antimyocarditic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antinephrolytic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antineuralgic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
NIACIN
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antineurasthenic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineuropathic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
THIAMIN 50 mg
ZINC
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
AntiNF-kB
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
Antinyctalopic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiobesity
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
CALCIUM
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
FIBER
LIMONENE
TANNIC-ACID (Antinutrient)
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antionychogryphotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antionychyotic
Chemicals (1)
SILICON
Antiophidic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
SELENIUM
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
CALCIUM 500-2,000 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
MANGANESE
PHOSPHORUS
SILICON
ZINC
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antioxalate
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
Antioxidant
Chemicals (15)
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
BETA-CAROTENE
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LAURIC-ACID IC71=60
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
MANGANESE
MYRICETIN IC99=200 ppm
MYRICITRIN
MYRISTIC-ACID IC71=60
PALMITIC-ACID IC40=60
PHENOL
RIBOFLAVIN
SELENIUM 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
TANNIC-ACID IC56=30 ppm
Antiozenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipapillomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
NIACIN 100 mg/day
SELENIUM 200-400 ug/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipellagric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
CALCIUM 750 mg/day
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
ZINC
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
LUPEOL 25 mg/kg/day
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antiphotophobic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
RIBOFLAVIN
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (3)
MAGNESIUM 500-1,000 mg/day
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
ZINC
AntiPMS
Chemicals (4)
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1 g/day
MAGNESIUM 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
MANGANESE
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
THIAMIN
Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
SELENIUM 2 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
GLUTAMIC-ACID 125-250 mg 3 x/day
PHENOL
ZINC 50 mg/man/day/orl
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipyruvetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antiradicular Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
SELENIUM 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
MAGNESIUM 280-350 mg/day
NIACIN 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiretardation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
Antiretinopathic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
LUPEOL
SELENIUM
ZINC
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
TANNIC-ACID
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiscotomic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antisecretory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TARAXEROL
Antiseptic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MYRICETIN MIC=20 ug/ml
PHENOL
TANNIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antisilicotic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
ALUMINUM
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antispare-Tire Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MAGNESIUM
NIACIN 100 mg 2x/day
POTASSIUM
Antispasmophilic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 500 mg/day
Antispastic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Antistomatitic
Chemicals (2)
TANNIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/man/3x/day
Antistress
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
POTASSIUM
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
CHROMIUM 200-800 ug
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/man/day
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
SELENIUM 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antitinnitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60-120 mg/day
Antitonsilitic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antitriglyceride Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-CAROTENE
BETULIN
FIBER
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUPEOL
SELENIUM 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
Antitumor (brain)
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM 38-150 ug/kg
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE IC45=60 ug/ml
LIMONENE
SELENIUM 333.6 ug/day
Antitumor (CNS)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE IC30=60 ug/ml
SELENIUM 240 ug/kg diet
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
SELENIUM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC26=45 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
Antiulcer Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-CAROTENE 12 mg 3x/day/man/orl
FIBER
TANNIC-ACID
TARAXEROL
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/man
Antiulcerogenic Rafatullah, S., Tariq, M., Al-Yahya, M.A., Mossa, J.S., and Ageel, A.M. 1989. Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) for Gastric and Duodenal Antiulcer Activity in Rats. J. of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 25-34, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Antiurethrotic
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL
Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ALUMINUM
Antivertigo
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiviral
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
BETULIN 6.1 uM
GALLIC-ACID
LAURIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUPEOL
MYRICETIN
PHENOL
TANNIC-ACID
Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anxiolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (6)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
GLUTAMIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
PHOSPHORUS
POTASSIUM
SELENIUM
AP-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM 2-50 uM
Aphidifuge Lugemwa, F.N., Huang, F-Y., Bentley, M.D., Mendel, M.J., and Alford, A.R. 1990. A Heliothis zea Antifeedant from the Abundant Birchbark Triterpene Betulin. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38(2): 493-494.
Chemicals (1)
BETULIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MYRICETIN 60 uM
SELENIUM
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Astringent Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
ZINC
Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
FIBER
POTASSIUM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 22 ppm
FIBER
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRICETIN
MYRISTIC-ACID
NIACIN
PHENOL
RIBOFLAVIN
SELENIUM
Candidicide Planta Medica, 57: A43, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
ALUMINUM
GALLIC-ACID
LAURIC-ACID
MYRICETIN MIC=150 ug/ml
MYRICITRIN MIC=400 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
PHENOL
Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COBALT
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHROMIUM
FIBER
MAGNESIUM
NIACIN
POTASSIUM 3,000-5,000 mg
SELENIUM 200 ug/day
SILICON
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (1)
POTASSIUM 18,000 mg/man/day
Carminative
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
Choleretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICITRIN
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Circulotonic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
MAGNESIUM
PHENOL
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
ZINC
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRISTIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC78=50 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID IC40=100
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC82=50 ug/ml
LAURIC-ACID IC20=100
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-AMYRIN 50-400
BETULIN 600 ppm
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LINALOOL
LUPEOL 50-500 ppm
TANNIC-ACID 15 ug
Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Detoxicant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
TANNIC-ACID
Detoxicant (Alcohol)
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Diuretic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
CALCIUM
FIBER
MAGNESIUM
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
POTASSIUM
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
PHENOL
TANNIC-ACID
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ALUMINUM
Energizer
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ergogenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COBALT
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Fibrinolytic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
PALMITIC-ACID FEMA 1
STEARIC-ACID FEMA 2-4,000
TANNIC-ACID FEMA 1-1,000
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
FPTase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=65 ug/ml
Fungicide Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL
PHENOL
SELENIUM
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
BETA-CAROTENE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
PHENOL 5,400 ppm
Hemostat Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
BETA-AMYRIN
GALLIC-ACID
NIACIN
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
NIACIN
TANNIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Chemicals (3)
LAURIC-ACID
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SODIUM
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
CHROMIUM 20 ug/day
FIBER
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
NIACIN 50-100 mg 3x/day
STEARIC-ACID
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
MYRICETIN
NIACIN
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
BETULIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Hypotensive Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
CALCIUM 1 g/day
CHROMIUM 200-1,000 ug
FIBER 10 g/man/day/orl
LUPEOL
MAGNESIUM 260-500 mg/day
POTASSIUM
ZINC 30 mg/day
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHROMIUM
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MAGNESIUM
SELENIUM
ZINC
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 180 mg/man/day/orl
GALLIC-ACID
PHOSPHORUS
SELENIUM 100-200 (-400) ug/man/day
TANNIC-ACID
ZINC
Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
ZINC 300 mg/day/6 wks/orl/man
Insecticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-AMYRIN
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
THIAMIN 75-150 mg/man/day
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Insulinogenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
CHROMIUM
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Interferon-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-AMYRIN
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN IC50=2.6-3.5 mM/kg diet
Laxative
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,200 mg
FIBER
MAGNESIUM 300-500 mg/day
Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30-60 mg/man/day
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Litholytic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHROMIUM
Mineral-Corticoid
Chemicals (2)
MYRICADIOL
UROCADIOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
BETA-AMYRIN
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
ZINC
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Mutagenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MYRISTIC-ACID
PALMITIC-ACID
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
Neurotransmitter
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
SELENIUM
ZINC
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
SELENIUM
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHOSPHORUS
Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Paramecicide Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICITRIN
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALOOL
STEARIC-ACID
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALUMINUM
ASCORBIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUPEOL
MYRICETIN
MYRICITRIN
PALMITIC-ACID
PHENOL
SELENIUM
TANNIC-ACID
THIAMIN
TIN
ZINC
Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE 20 ug/g
IRON
LINALOOL
Propecic
Chemicals (2)
PALMITIC-ACID
STEARIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Huang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.
Chemicals (1)
BETULIN IC50=119 uM
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM IC50=2-50 uM
Protisticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICITRIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN 36 uM
Rodenticide
Chemicals (1)
PHENOL LD50=1,040 cut rat
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
NIACIN
Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PALMITIC-ACID
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Spermicide Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICITRIN
Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STEARIC-ACID
Taenicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
TIN
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUPEOL IC50=10.4 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETULIN IC50=38.6 uM
MYRICETIN IC50=11.9 ug/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
ZINC
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
MYRICETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
Vasodilator
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
FIBER
MAGNESIUM
MYRICETIN
NIACIN
PHENOL
POTASSIUM
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
SELENIUM
Vulnerary Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
ZINC
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.