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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
LINARIN IC20=10 uM
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NARINGENIN IC25=1 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (5)
BORNEOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
NARINGENIN
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN IC50=12 uM
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (3)
NARINGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (3)
NARINGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiamnesic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antiamyloid-Beta
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
DELTA-3-CARENE
GENKWANIN
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN MIC=250-500 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
NARINGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NARINGENIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antiflu
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
NARINGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (3)
NARINGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
PULEGONE
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (3)
NARINGENIN IC35=200 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN 20 ppm
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NARINGENIN IC50=>10 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN ID50=50-100 nM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (12)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN 7 x quercetin
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidative Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CARVACROL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (5)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
ISOMENTHONE
NARINGENIN 7 x quercetin
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisindhis
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN IC50=15 ug/ml
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
NARINGENIN
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (4)
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
NARINGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
NARINGENIN
SABINENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN IC50=15 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (2)
NARINGENIN IC45=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
GERANIOL
NARINGENIN
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
NARINGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL #NAME?
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-3-CARENE
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
NARINGENIN
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
NARINGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE FEMA 5-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
LIMONENE
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN 2.5 mM
P-CYMENE
PRUNIN 2.5 mM
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
NARINGENIN
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
NARINGENIN IC50=12 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic Choi, J.S., Yokozawa,* T., and Oura, H. Antihyperlipidemic Effect Of Flavonoids From Prunus davidiana. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 218-224, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
PRUNIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
PRUNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic Choi, J.S., Yokozawa, T., and Oura, H. 1990. Improvement of Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipemia in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats by a Methanolic Extract of Prunus davidiana Stems and Its Main Component, Prunin. Planta Medica, 57: 208.
Chemicals (1)
PRUNIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
OCIMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Nematicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (2)
NARINGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARIRUTIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (16)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
OCIMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GENKWANIN
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NARINGENIN
P-CYMENE
PRUNIN
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
PELARGONIN
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Purgative
Chemicals (1)
GENKWANIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Serotonin-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Teratogenic
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN IC50=14.41 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
NARINGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.