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All Chemicals: 25
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
(-)-EPICATECHIN Leaf-- 150.0 -0.73 *
Activities (38)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=22-50 uM/l
ACE-Inhibitor IC50=0.216 mM/l
ACE-Inhibitor 0.5 mg/ml rbt (weak activity)
Allelochemic Hanke, F. J., Natural Products as a Resource for Biologically Active Compounds, Thesis, U. Cal (Santa Cruz), 1986, 252 pp
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV EC50=2 ug/ml
Antiaggregant
Antianaphylactic
Antibacterial
Antidiabetic 30 mg/kg rat
Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihyperglycemic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antileukotriene
Antilipoperoxidant
Antimutagenic
Antioxidant IC50=6.3 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiviral EC50=2 ug/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker 10 uMZhu, M., Phillipson, J. D., Greengrass, P. M., Bowery, N. E., Cai, Y. 1997. Plant Polyphenols: Biologically Active Compounds or Non-Selective Binders to Protein? Phytochemistry, 44(3): 441-447.
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardiotonic
Choline-Sparing
Cytotoxic TC50=>100 ug/ml
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypoglycemic
Immunostimulant
Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor IC50=60 mM
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=140 uMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC97=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Pancreatogenic
Pesticide
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor 10 ng/mlMcKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Vasodilator uMMcKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>40Hatano, T., Yasuhara, T., Yoshihara, R., Agata, I., Noro, T., and Okuda, T. 1989. Effects of Interaction of Tannins with Co-existing Substances.VII. Inhibitory Effects of Tannins Related Polyphenols on Xanthine Oxidase. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(5): 1224-1229
3-DEHYDROMITRAGYNINE Leaf-- 36.0 *
AJMALICINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (11)
Adrenolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Antiadrenergic ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Antiaggregant
Antidiuretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Antihypertensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CNS-Depressant
Cerebrocirculant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Circulotonic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Hypotensive Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Sympatholytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Tranquilizer Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CORYNANTHEIDALINE Leaf-- -- *
CORYNANTHEIDINE Leaf-- -- *
EPICATECHIN Leaf-- 150.0 -1.0 *
Activities (40)
Allelochemic IC100=1 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Anabolic
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV EC50=2 ug/ml
Antiaggregant IC94=200 ug/ml
Antianaphylactic
Antibacterial MIC=>1,000 ug/ml
Anticomplementary 1/2 aspirin
Antidiabetic 30 mg/kg rat
Antifeedant
Antihepatitic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Antihyperglycemic
Antiinflammatory
Antileukemic IC50=>10 ug/ml
Antilipoperoxidant
Antimutagenic
Antioxidant IC50=6.3 ug/mlUchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Antioxidant 2.5 x Vit. E
Antioxidant IC50=10.2 uM
Antioxidant 3/4 quercetin
Antiperoxidant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiviral
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardiotonic
Choline-Sparing Singleton, V.L. 1981. Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants: Phenolic Substances of Plant Origin Common in Foods. Advances in Food Research 27: 149-217.
Hepatotropic
Hypocholesterolemic Singleton, V.L. 1981. Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants: Phenolic Substances of Plant Origin Common in Foods. Advances in Food Research 27: 149-217.
Hypoglycemic
Insulinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor
Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=140 uMPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC97=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
NO-Inhibitor
Pancreatogenic
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger IC50=0.181 ug/ml
Pesticide
Propecic
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=>40
ISOMITRAFOLINE Plant-- -- *
ISOMITRAPHYLLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (3)
Antileukemic IC50=45-60 uM/l
Immunostimulant
Phagocytotic
ISOSPECIOFOLINE Plant-- -- *
MITRACILIATINE Leaf-- 32.0 *
MITRAGYNALINE Leaf-- -- *
MITRAGYNINE Leaf-- 86.0 *
Activities (6)
Analgesic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Anesthetic
CNS-Stimulant
Hypotensive
Myorelaxant
Vasodilator
MITRAGYNOL Plant-- -- *
MITRAPHYLLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (12)
Anesthetic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antihypertensive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antileukemic IC50=60-120 uM/l
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiodepressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Hypotensive Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunostimulant
Myocontractant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Myorelaxant
Pesticide
Protisticide Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Vasodilator
MITRASPECINE Seed-- -- *
MITRAVERSINE Plant-- -- *
PAYNANTHEINE Leaf-- 50.0 *
RHYNCHOPHYLLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (23)
Anesthetic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antiaggregant
Antidementia
Antiexcitotoxic
Antihypertensive
Antiischemic
Antioxidant
Antipyretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiradicular
Antithrombotic
Calcium-Antagonist 10.1 uM rat
Calcium-Blocker
Cardiodepressant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Dopaminergic
Febrifuge
Hypotensive
Myocontractant Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Neuroparalytic
Protisticide Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Sedative
Serotonergic
Uterotonic
Vasodilator
ROTUNDIFOLINE Plant-- -- *
SPECIOCILIATINE Leaf-- 30.0 *
Activities (2)
Analgesic
Antitussive
SPECIOFOLINE Leaf-- -- *
SPECIOGYNINE Leaf-- 44.0 *
SPECIOPHYLLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antileukemic IC50=60 uM/l
STIPULATINE Leaf-- -- *
UNCARINE-D Plant-- -- *
Activities (1)
Cytotoxic ED50=36Collins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.