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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
P-CYMENE
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TRANS-CARVEOL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
NERAL
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
TERPINOLENE
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (4)
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiseptic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
NERAL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (2)
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiviral
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
GERANIAL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleopterifuge
Chemicals (1)
VERBENONE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Emetic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Expectorant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
GERANIAL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
VERBENONE
Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANYL-ACETATE
MYRTENAL
PINOCARVONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (18)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIAL
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MYRTENAL
NERAL
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
VERBENONE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Sedative Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.