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Activities: 248
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ActivityReference
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Pesticide
Chemicals (27)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (22)
3-OCTANOL
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOPULEGOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
PULEGONE
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
ETHYL-CINNAMATE MLC=1,000 uM
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-THUJONE
EUGENOL
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungicide
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
ETHYL-BUTYRATE FEMA 30-1,400
ETHYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 4-40
ETHYL-PALMITATE FEMA 20-50
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
DIETHYL-MALONATE FEMA 2-20
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL #NAME?
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
Counterirritant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
SABINENE
Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL ED50=0.033 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
THYMOL EC=60
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (8)
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antihistaminic Ortiz De Urbina, A.V., Martin, M.L., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., Sevilla, M.A., San Roman, L. 1989. Antihistaminic activity of pulegone on the guinea-pig ileum. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 295-296, 1990.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antibacterial
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
EUGENOL 500 ppm
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHOL IC29=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 200-400
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Allelopathic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
THYMOL
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.