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ActivityReference
Pesticide
Chemicals (27)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (25)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
ETHYL-BUTYRATE FEMA 30-1,400
ETHYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 4-40
ETHYL-PALMITATE FEMA 20-50
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
DIETHYL-MALONATE FEMA 2-20
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (22)
3-OCTANOL
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOPULEGOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Insectifuge Bowers, W.S., Ortego, F., You, X., and Evans, P.H. Insect Repellents From The Chinese Prickly Ash Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Journal of Natural Products, 56(6): 935-938, 1993.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BETA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antibacterial
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
EUGENOL 500 ppm
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL ED50=0.033 mg/ml
THYMOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Irritant
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Antiseptic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHOL IC29=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
ETHYL-CINNAMATE MLC=1,000 uM
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Sedative
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (8)
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
THYMOL
Expectorant
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 200-400
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Allelopathic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Antiviral
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
Termiticide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
THYMOL EC=60
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-THUJONE
EUGENOL
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Choleretic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Carminative Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
PULEGONE
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Counterirritant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
SABINENE
Anticholinesterase Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL 11 uM
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
THYMOL
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL #NAME?
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-THUJONE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.