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ActivityReference
Acaricide
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelochemic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
Analgesic
Chemicals (3)
HESPERIDIN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Anesthetic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Anti-LDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiallergenic Yakugaku Zasshi, 111: 193, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
Antibradykinic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 366.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Anticapillary-Fragility
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiDNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
HESPERIDIN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antiinflammatory Da Silva Emim, J.A., Oliveira, A.B. and Lapa, A.J. Pharmacological Evaluation of the Anti-inflammatory Activity of a Citrus Bioflavonoid, Hesperidin, and the Isoflavonoids, Duartin and Claussequinone, in Rats and Mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46:118-122,1994
Chemicals (3)
HESPERIDIN IC47=50 mg/kg scu
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antioxidant Phytochemistry, 37: 1463.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN IC50=8 ppm
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiRNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MENTHYL-ACETATE ED50=0.105 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistomatitic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antitriglyceride
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antitumor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
HESPERIDIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
Candidicide
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Capillariprotective Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE orl man
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Counterirritant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Expectorant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
FLavor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
Fungicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatotoxic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOFURAN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MENTHYL-ACETATE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (5)
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
ProHLDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulmonotoxic De Smet, P.A.G.M., Keller, K., Hansel, R. and Chandler, R.F., eds. 1993. Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs 2. Springr-Verlag, Berlin. 348pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOFURAN
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Rubefacient
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Sedative Ortiz de Urbina, A.V., Martin*, M.L., Montero, M.J., Moran, A., and San Roman, L. 1988. Sedating and Antipyretic Activity of the Essential Oil of Calamintha sylvatica subsp. Ascendens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 25: 165-171, 1989.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.