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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
MENTHONE
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE IC73=10 uM
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCURONIDE IC88=10 uM
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (10)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Anti-LDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHOL IC29=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergenic Yakugaku Zasshi, 111: 193, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TRANS-CARVEOL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (24)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
DIOSPHENOL
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibradykinic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 366.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
DIOSMIN
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticapillary-Fragility
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN 300 mg/2x/day/woman
HESPERIDIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticataract
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplementary Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
AntiDNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiedemic
Chemicals (7)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
TERPINOLENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCITRIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 450 mg 2x/day x7days then 1x/day x2months
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiherpetic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (6)
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
HESPERIDIN IC47=50 mg/kg scu
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
MENTHOL
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetrorrhagic Fitoterapia No.55-1984.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (6)
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (13)
CAMPHENE
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HESPERIDIN IC50=8 ppm
ISOMENTHONE
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCURONIDE
MYRCENE
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIOSMIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL 11 uM
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (5)
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
AntiRNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
DIOSPHENOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
UMBELLULONE
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MENTHYL-ACETATE ED50=0.105 mg/ml
MYRCENE
QUERCITRIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
THYMOL
Antistomatitic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitriglyceride
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
QUERCITRIN
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
P-CYMENE
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
HESPERIDIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVONE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillariprotective Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (5)
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN
MENTHOL
QUERCITRIN
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Circulodepressant
Chemicals (1)
UMBELLULONE
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
QUERCITRIN
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 200-400 mg/kg ip
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Counterirritant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
DIOSMIN
DIOSPHENOL
QUERCITRIN
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
DIHYDROCARVEOL FEMA 5-500
DIHYDROCARVYL-ACETATE FEMA 5-500
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PHENYLETHYL-2-METHYLBUTYRATE FEMA 1-9
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hemolytic
Chemicals (1)
UMBELLULONE
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCITRIN
Hepatotoxic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
QUERCITRIN
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
QUERCITRIN
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insecticide
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PULEGONE
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
QUERCITRIN
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIHYDROCARVEOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
MDR-Inhibitor Critchfield, J. W., Welsh, C. J., Phang, J. M., Yeh, G. C. 1994. Modulation of Adriamycin Accumulation and Efflux by Flavonoids in HCT-15 Colon Cells. Activation of P-Glycoprotein as a Putative Mechanism. Biochem Pharmacol, 48(7): 1437-1445.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 100 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (26)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MENTHYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
PHENYLETHYL-2-METHYLBUTYRATE
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (37)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
QUERCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
UMBELLULONE
Peticide
Chemicals (1)
DIOSPHENOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
ProHLDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic De Smet, P.A.G.M., Keller, K., Hansel, R. and Chandler, R.F., eds. 1993. Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs 2. Springr-Verlag, Berlin. 348pp.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respiradepressant
Chemicals (1)
UMBELLULONE
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
THYMOL
Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
UMBELLULONE
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
QUERCITRIN
Venoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Venotonic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.