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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ZINC
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (9)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
ZINC
Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
POTASSIUM
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
TANNIN
THUJONE
Anti-LDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (20)
(+)-PIPERITENONE-OXIDE IC50=64 ug/ml
(+)-PULEGONE IC50=136 ug/ml
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHOL IC29=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
L-MENTHOL IC38=164 ug/ml
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
(-)-BORNEOL IC38=164 ug/ml
(-)-MENTHOL IC38=164 ug/ml
(-)-MENTHONE IC39=164 ug/ml
(-)-PIPERITONE IC50=136 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
ZINC 135 mg/day
Antiacrodermatitic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 8-34 mg/day/orl/chd
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Antialcoholic
Chemicals (3)
MAGNESIUM
MANGANESE
ZINC
Antiallergenic Yakugaku Zasshi, 111: 193, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiallergic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialopecic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antialzheimeran Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CARVONE
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antianemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
COPPER
IRON
MANGANESE
Antianginal Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
ZINC
Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antianorexic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
POTASSIUM
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (5)
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
COPPER
MAGNESIUM
MANGANESE
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/orl/man
Antiasthmatic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MAGNESIUM
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial Planta Medica, 57: A43, 1991.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
THUJONE
AntiBPH
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antibradykinic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 366.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Anticanker
Chemicals (2)
IRON
ZINC 100 mg/day
Anticapillary-Fragility
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
ZINC 30 mg/day
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticephalagic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
(+)-CARVONE
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticoeliac Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Anticold Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticolitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MAGNESIUM
MYRCENE
Anticoronary Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
AntiCrohn's Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
ZINC
Antidementia
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidepressant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (4)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (4)
COPPER 2-4 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 400-800 mg/man/day
MANGANESE 3-5 mg/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidiscotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
AntiDNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antidote (Cadmium) Let's Live, May 1989.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysgeuzic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antidysmenorrheic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 150 mg/day
Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 500 mg/day
Antienterotic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
MAGNESIUM 450 mg/day
MANGANESE 450 mg/day
ZINC 100 mg/day
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
LUTEOLIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
COPPER
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
Antifeedant Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 200-300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antifuruncular Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 45 mg/3x/day/man
Antigastrotic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antiglaucomic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 15 mg
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
Antiherpetic?
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 25-60 mg/day
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (6)
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (4)
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
ZINC
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (4)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihypoglycemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antiimpotence Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiinfective Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
COPPER
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
HESPERIDIN IC47=50 mg/kg scu
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
MENTHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM
MAGNESIUM
ZINC
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antilepric Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antileukemic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
Antileukonychic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MAGNESIUM
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 400-1,000 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN
ZINC
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimastalgic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
IRON 100 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 200 mg/day/man
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
AntiMS
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (8)
ANISALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antinephrolytic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antineuropathic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
COPPER
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antinyctalopic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiobesity
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM
LIMONENE
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (5)
CALCIUM 500-2,000 mg/day
COPPER
MAGNESIUM 500-1,000 mg/day/wmn/orl
MANGANESE
ZINC
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (10)
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HESPERIDIN IC50=8 ppm
ISOMENTHONE
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
MANGANESE
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antiperiodontitic
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 750 mg/day
ZINC
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
MAGNESIUM 500-1,000 mg/day
ROSMARINIC-ACID
ZINC
AntiPMS
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 1 g/day
MAGNESIUM 400-800 mg/day/wmn/orl
MANGANESE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 11 uM
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 50 mg/man/day/orl
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOMENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 280-350 mg/day
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinopathic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
MENTHOL
ZINC
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
AntiRNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
THUJONE
ZINC 50 mg/day
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispare-Tire Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MAGNESIUM
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
POTASSIUM
THUJONE ED50=0.127 mg/ml
Antispasmophilic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 500 mg/day
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistomatitic
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
ZINC 50 mg/man/3x/day
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antistress
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Antistroke
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
POTASSIUM
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/man/day
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antitinnitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60-120 mg/day
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitriglyceride Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
ZINC 30 mg/day
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
TANNIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LUTEOLIN
Antiulcer Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
TANNIN
ZINC 50 mg/3x/day/man
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
MENTHOL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (5)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
HESPERIDIN
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
POTASSIUM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
ZINC
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
POTASSIUM
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (7)
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
HESPERIDIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
MAGNESIUM
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillariprotective Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
COPPER
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM 3,000-5,000 mg
Cardiotoxic
Chemicals (1)
POTASSIUM 18,000 mg/man/day
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (4)
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Cerebrodepressant
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
LINALOOL
MAGNESIUM
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
COPPER
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THUJONE 40 mg/kg
Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Counterirritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
FORMIC-ACID
MENTHOL
THUJONE
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Detoxicant (Alcohol)
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (4)
CALCIUM
LUTEOLIN
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MENTHOL
Epileptigenic
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Ergogenic
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
Expectorant Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (2)
RAFFINOSE
STACHYOSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
ISOPULEGONE FEMA 5-15
ISOVALERALDEHYDE FEMA 0.5-5
ISOVALERIC-ACID FEMA 1-16
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
L-MENTHOL FEMA 35-1,200
L-MENTHYL-ACETATE FEMA 5-25
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ANISALDEHYDE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
PULEGONE
THUJONE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 100 ppm
LUTEOLIN
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (3)
ISOPULEGONE
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
THUJONE IC50=22 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
SODIUM
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (4)
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
COPPER
LUTEOLIN
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (1)
MANGANESE 10-30 mg/man/day
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Hypotensive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CALCIUM 1 g/day
MAGNESIUM 260-500 mg/day
POTASSIUM
ZINC 30 mg/day
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (5)
COPPER
LIMONENE
MAGNESIUM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
ZINC
Immunostimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
ZINC
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
ZINC 300 mg/day/6 wks/orl/man
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
(-)-BORNEOL
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ANISALDEHYDE
CARVONE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PULEGONE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insulinogenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (2)
MAGNESIUM 400 mg/day
ZINC 30 mg/day
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Irritant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (16)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAPROIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,200 mg
MAGNESIUM 300-500 mg/day
P-CYMENE
Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 30-60 mg/man/day
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
HESPERIDIN
LUTEOLIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Litholytic
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
PULEGONE
THUJONE
Neurotransmitter
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
ZINC
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (22)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOPULEGOL
ISOPULEGONE
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LINALOOL
L-MENTHOL 5,000-25,000
L-MENTHYL-ACETATE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
THUJONE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
ANISALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITENONE-OXIDE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
THUJONE
ZINC
(-)-BORNEOL
(-)-MENTHOL
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
ProHLDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
IRON
LINALOOL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (3)
ISOPULEGONE
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Respirainhibitor
Chemicals (1)
THUJONE
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
COPPER
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
ISOVALERIC-ACID
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
MENTHONE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
(-)-MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ZINC 60 mg/day
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (3)
FORMIC-ACID
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
THUJONE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
ISOVALERIC-ACID
MAGNESIUM 500-750 mg/day
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
ZINC
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ANISALDEHYDE ID50=320 uM
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MAGNESIUM 100 mg 4 x/day
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (5)
CALCIUM
EUGENOL
LUTEOLIN
MAGNESIUM
POTASSIUM
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Vulnerary Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ZINC
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.