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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
FORMIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
ACACETIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHENE
MENTHONE
Allergenic
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
ACETONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (15)
(+)-PULEGONE IC50=136 ug/ml
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
ELEMOL IC50=34 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
VIRIDIFLOROL IC50=25 ug/ml
(-)-MENTHONE IC39=164 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
NEROLIDOL
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 4 uM
Antianoxic Yamahara, J., Matsuda, H., Naitoh, Y., Fujimura, H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Antianoxic Action and Active Constituents of Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(7): 2033-2034, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL ED60=300 orl mus
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
HESPERETIN MIC=500 ug/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
NEROLIDOL MIC=25-200 ug/ml
TANNIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
AntiEBV
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HESPERETIN
LIMONENE
NEROLIDOL 1 mM (diet)
TERPINOLENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (6)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (2)
HESPERETIN
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (8)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
BETA-EUDESMOL ID50=0.09 uM/ml
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antinephritic
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antineuralgic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antioxidant
Chemicals (9)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
ISOMENTHONE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINOLENE
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antipeptic Chem & Pharm. Bull., 34: 3854, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
PULEGONE
Antiradicular
Chemicals (3)
ISOMENTHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BETA-EUDESMOL >0.18 uM/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
SABINENE
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MENTHYL-ACETATE ED50=0.105 mg/ml
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL ED50=0.033 mg/ml
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitumor-Promoter?
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-EUDESMOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
ELEMOL
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
HESPERETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apoptotic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN IC12=1 uM/l
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (5)
BETA-EUDESMOL 40 uM mus
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-MYRCENE
CARVONE
HESPERETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TANNIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (4)
ACETONE
APIGENIN
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
CNS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Counterirritant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
FORMIC-ACID
MENTHOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
Diuretic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Expectorant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (21)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
METHYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-30
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROLIDOL FEMA 1-10
NONANOIC-ACID FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
FURFURAL
LINALOOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
TERPINOLENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (4)
CARVONE
FORMIC-ACID
HESPERETIN
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 253.
Chemicals (4)
ACACETIN IC50=7.25 uM
BETA-EUDESMOL
HESPERETIN
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Insecticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (13)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (3)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
MENTHONE
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
APIGENIN
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Narcotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETONE
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
NEROLIDOL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neurogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-EUDESMOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (22)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALOOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MENTHYL-ACETATE
METHYL-ACETATE
MYRCENE
NEOMENTHOL
NEROLIDOL
NONANOIC-ACID
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (27)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
BETA-EUDESMOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
FORMIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
HESPERETIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
MYRCENE
NEROLIDOL
P-CYMENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
TERPINOLENE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Plasmodicide
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
Protisticide
Chemicals (1)
ACACETIN IC50=4.2-12.6 ug/ml
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 20 uM
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
BETA-EUDESMOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHONE
MENTHYL-VALERATE
P-CYMENE
PULEGONE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
ACACETIN
APIGENIN
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-ACETATE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.