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ActivityReference
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-CADINOL
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HEXANOIC-ACID
Additive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID FEMA 200-2,000
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Ichikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
COSMOSIIN IC40=1 uM
CYNAROSIDE IC50=0.99 uM rat (strong activity)
DELTA-CADINENE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE IC73=10 uM
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
RHAMNOCITRIN 10 ug/ml cow
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
THYMOL
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
ISOPULEGOL IC50=2.0 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
DELTA-CADINENE
THYMOL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
EUGENYL-ACETATE ED=15 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 407.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacterial
Chemicals (29)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
DEHYDROABIETANE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIAL
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CITRAL
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (2)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
Antifeedant Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
SUCCINIC-ACID
Antifertility
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
NEROL
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
POMOLIC-ACID IC50=23.3 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
EUGENYL-ACETATE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiischemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic
Chemicals (7)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-CADINOL
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (11)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MYRCENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (15)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CAMPESTEROL IC37=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC24=30 ppm
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 2/3 quercetin
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (2)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID IC50=>100 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antiplaque
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SELINENE IC50=>50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENOL 11 uM
EUGENYL-ACETATE ED50=3 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL 5.2 x phenol
CITRONELLAL 3.8 x phenol
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FURFURAL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
RHAMNOCITRIN MIC=625 ug/ml
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antispasmodic Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
Chemicals (13)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CITRAL
EUGENOL
EUGENYL-ACETATE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID EC50=4.6-17 uM
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (4)
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DELTA-CADINENE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (7)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Mouth)
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (3)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
GERANIAL
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (2)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (6)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiviral
Chemicals (14)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GERANIAL IC50=16 uM
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
NERYL-ACETATE
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
LIMONENE
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
LINALOOL
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
CITRAL
CYNAROSIDE IC50=1.2 uM rbt
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (15)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (10)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
OCTANOIC-ACID
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
CITRAL
METHYL-EUGENOL
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (4)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative
Chemicals (4)
COPAENE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Caspase-3-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (8)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
GERANIAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 100 ppm orl rat
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Choleretic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
GERANIOL
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Culicide
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytostatic Darias, V., Bravo, L., Rabanal, R., Sanchez-Mateo, C.C., and Martin-Herrera, D.A. 1988. Cytostatic and Antibacterial Activity of Some Compounds Isolated from Several Lamiaceae Species from the Canary Islands. Planta Medica 56(1): 70, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
DEHYDROABIETANE ID50=100 ug/ml
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
CITRAL
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
P-COUMARIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Diuretic List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SUCCINIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (2)
CITRONELLAL
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Estrogenic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CITRAL
GERANIAL
NEROL
Expectorant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYOSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (20)
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
CITRAL FEMA 4-170
CITRONELLAL FEMA <1
CITRONELLOL FEMA 1-50
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANOIC-ACID FEMA 2-450
ISOPULEGOL FEMA 5-30
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
OCTANOIC-ACID FEMA 3-20
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (18)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CIS-OCIMENE
CITRAL MIC 625 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
OCTANOIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID 500 ug/ml
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Glaucomagenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Glutathione-Depleting
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Glutathionigenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
GERANIAL
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL 100 ppm
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL IC50=115 uM
CITRONELLOL IC50=160 uM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CAMPESTEROL
CYNAROSIDE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (3)
ISOQUERCITRIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Insecticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (11)
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOQUERCITRIN
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (8)
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
EUGENOL
Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
P-COUMARIC-ACID IC11=5 mM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CITRONELLAL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mutagenic?
Chemicals (1)
CITRONELLAL
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (5)
CITRAL 200 mg/kg
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
CITRAL IC52=100 ug/ml
CITRONELLAL MIC 1 mg/ml
CITRONELLOL MLC=100 ug/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
NO-Genic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CITRAL IC50=1.19 uM
CITRONELLAL IC50=1.56 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (20)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-SELINENE
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
EUGENYL-ACETATE FEMA 0.5-200 ppm
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
ISOPULEGOL
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCTANOIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (34)
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
CITRONELLOL
DEHYDROABIETANE
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GERANIAL
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NERAL
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
OCTANOIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
RHAMNOCITRIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SUCCINIC-ACID
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Phagocytotic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
P-COUMARIC-ACID
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
P-COUMARIC-ACID
Prostatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
CITRAL 185 mg/kg/day/3 ms
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Secretogogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (15)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CITRAL ED 1-32 mg/kg
CITRONELLAL ED=1 mg/kg
CITRONELLOL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
THYMOL
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmolytic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIAL
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Teratogenic
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
CITRONELLAL
Termiticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
DELTA-CADINOL
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
NERAL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (7)
CITRAL LD100=150 ug/ml
CITRONELLOL LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (2)
CITRAL
URSOLIC-ACID
Trypsin-Enhancer Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
EUGENYL-ACETATE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CITRAL ID50=1.5 mM
P-COUMARIC-ACID ID50=3,650 uM
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID ID60=0.5 uM/ml
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CATECHINS
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
EUGENOL
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.