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Activities: 474
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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID IC50=7.7 mM/l
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
VICENIN-2 IC50=0.2 mM/l
VITEXIN 5 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
Chemicals (11)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)
CHRYSOERIOL IC31=10 uM
COSMOSIIN IC40=1 uM
CYNAROSIDE IC50=0.99 uM rat (strong activity)
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
QUERCETIN 100 uM
TANNIC-ACID IC50=1.8 ug/ml
VITEXIN IC15=10 uM
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHENE
SCLAREOL
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
AntiADD
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiadenovirus Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50=9.52 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
Antiaging
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiallergenic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianacarditic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID (Rhus)
Antianaphylactic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 4 uM
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN IC60-75=10 uM
QUERCETIN
VICENIN-2
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VITEXIN
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
Antiatheromic Cerda, J.J. Pectin in Health and Disease. HortScience, 25(12): 1485, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
PECTIN 15 g/man/day
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial Revista Itiliana Eppos, 12: 5, 1994.
Chemicals (19)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN MIC=500 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
SCLAREOL
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibradiquinic Fitoterapia No.61: 277, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
VITEXIN
Antibronchitic Dorsch, W., Wagner, H. New Antiasthmatic Drugs from Traditional Medicine? Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 94: 262-265, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Cervix)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
GALLIC-ACID ED50=3
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (4)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
LUTEOLIN EC=3 ppm
QUERCETIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
TANNIC-ACID
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
APIGENIN-7-GLYCOSIDE
CHRYSOERIOL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
TANNIC-ACID
Antidementia
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHOLINE
Antidepressant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
VITEXIN
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
PECTIN 10 g/man/day/orl
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
PECTIN
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antidote Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID For Heavy Metals
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (2)
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
Antiedemic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antienteritic
Chemicals (2)
PECTIN
TANNIC-ACID
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
TANNIC-ACID 2-4% diet
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN
Antigallstone
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
PECTIN
Antigargantitic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigastritic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
PECTIN
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Ohnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antihemorrhoidal Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatomic
Chemicals (1)
SAPONINS
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID EC50=>10 ug/ml
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN IC50=10-35 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN <10-15 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID
VITEXIN
AntiHIV
Chemicals (9)
APIGENIN IC72=200 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID IC90=200 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiinflammatory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
APIGENIN #NAME?
APIGENIN-7-GLYCOSIDE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETONICINE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN #NAME?
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
VICENIN-2 ED50=148 (ipr mus)
VITEXIN
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID EC50=4.4 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=64
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antileukemic
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 20-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN 20-50 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
PECTIN
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
AntiMRSA
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (15)
APIGENIN ID50=10-40 nM
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSOERIOL
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN ID50=2-5 nM
PECTIN
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
SAPONINS
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (5)
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN
MARRUBIIN
QUERCETIN
Antiobesity Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
LIMONENE
PECTIN
TANNIC-ACID (Antinutrient)
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
Antioxidant
Chemicals (15)
APIGENIN 1.5 x Vit. E
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CAMPHENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC53=200 ppm
CHRYSOERIOL
GALLIC-ACID IC44=33 ppm
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
LUTEOLIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
TANNIC-ACID IC56=30 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
VITEXIN
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC50=36 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=69 uM
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (5)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-ELEMENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN 10 nM
VICENIN-2
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatotic
Chemicals (1)
PHYTOSTEROLS
Antiproteolytic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 10 uM
GALLIC-ACID 7 x quercetin
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiretroviral
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCETIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
TANNIC-ACID
Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
CHRYSOERIOL
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
SABINENE
TANNIC-ACID
Antiserotoninic
Chemicals (1)
VITEXIN
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN EC50=1-5 uM
APIGENIN-7-GLYCOSIDE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antistress
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antisunburn
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VITEXIN
Antitonsilitic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor
Chemicals (10)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETIN 10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN 1-50 uM
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (6)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (4)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PECTIN
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor (Thyroid)
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (7)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC25=10 uM
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
PECTIN
Antiulcer
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
SABINENE
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSOERIOL
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCETIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 10 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID
Aphidifuge
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
VITEXIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (9)
APIGENIN 12-60 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN 12-50 uM
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
VICENIN-2
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC65=1 uM/l
LUTEOLIN IC35=1 uM/l
URSOLIC-ACID
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Astringent Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Autotoxic
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Bacteristat
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=~40 uM
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
LUTEOLIN IC50=~40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
CYNAROSIDE IC50=1.2 uM rbt
LUTEOLIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Calcium-Antagonist? Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 1115: 69, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
VITEXIN IC50=1.6 mg/ml
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (18)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHRYSOERIOL
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
MUCILAGE
PECTIN
PHYTOL
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VITEXIN
Candidicide Planta Medica, 57: A43, 1991.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
COSMOSIIN MIC=500 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Capillarigenic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
TANNIN
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
STACHYDRINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
PECTIN
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Choleretic ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (8)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
MARRUBIINIC-ACID
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID 1/6 Caffeine
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC65=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC>65=1,000 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
QUERCETIN <40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
VICENIN-2
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN IC88=10 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
GALLIC-ACID 500 uM
LUTEOLIN 1-50 uM
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
TANNIC-ACID 15 ug
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Demulcent
Chemicals (2)
MUCILAGE
PECTIN
Detoxicant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
TANNIC-ACID
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN MIC=30 uM
LUTEOLIN IC>40=40 uM
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Diuretic
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
LUTEOLIN
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Emmenagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LUTEOLIN 58% genistein
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Expectorant Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
LIMONENE
MARRUBIIN
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TANNIC-ACID FEMA 1-1,000
Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
SCLAREOL IC100=80 uM
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIN
Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
VITEXIN
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID MIC=1,000 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemostat Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (5)
BETONICINE
GALLIC-ACID
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
TANNIC-ACID
Hepatocarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
CHOLINE
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotoxic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIC-ACID
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN IC50+=50-250 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50+=100-250 uM
Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 30th
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
CYNAROSIDE
LUTEOLIN
MUCILAGE
PECTIN
PHYTOSTEROLS
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
PECTIN
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
Hypotensive
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
CHOLINE
ISOQUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VITEXIN
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
IKK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE
SAPONINS
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (2)
GALLIC-ACID
TANNIN
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=<15 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Insecticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
STACHYDRINE
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ISOQUERCITRIN
Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LIMONENE
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Lactagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
CHLOROGENIC-ACID IC23=5 mM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
TANNIN
MAPK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
LUTEOLIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Mutagenic
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
LUTEOLIN
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
QUERCETIN
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN IC50=>42 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
GALLIC-ACID IC-26=250 uM
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN 5-50 uM
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Nodulation-Signal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
APIGENIN-7-GLYCOSIDE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
VICENIN-2
Oxytocic?
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P21-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN 10-70 uM
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
SABINENE
SCLAREOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PECTIN
Pesticide
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
GALLIC-ACID
ISOQUERCETIN
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
LUTEOLIN
P-CYMENE
PECTIN
QUERCETIN
SCLAREOL
TANNIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
PKC-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN IC50=10 uM
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Progestational
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN
Proliferant
Chemicals (2)
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Prooxidant
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=10-40 uM
LUTEOLIN IC70=50 uM
QUERCETIN
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 10-100 uM
LUTEOLIN 10-100 uM
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 20 uM
QUERCETIN 6 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
APIGENIN
VICENIN-2
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Sedative
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
APIGENIN 30-100 mg/kg
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Styptic
Chemicals (1)
GALLIC-ACID
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LUTEOLIN
Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Systolic-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
VITEXIN
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN IC50=3.27 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN
LUTEOLIN IC50=14.44 uM
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
GALLIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Azuma, Y., Onishi, Y., Sato, Y., Kizaki, H. 1995. Effects of Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors With Different Modes of Action on Topoisomerase Activity and Death of IL-2-Dependent CTLL-2-Cells. J Biochemistry, 118: 312-318.
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN 50 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
Chemicals (1)
APIGENIN EC50=0.1-25 uM/l
Vasodilator
Chemicals (4)
APIGENIN
ASCORBIC-ACID
LUTEOLIN
QUERCETIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
APIGENIN IC50=2-7 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=2-7 uM
QUERCETIN
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHLOROGENIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (6)
APIGENIN 0.36 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
GALLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
LUTEOLIN IC50=0.11 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.