Data Views Exclude Ubiquitous Chemicals

Paginate
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
BETULIN Heart Wood-- 46.6 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Activities (13)
AntiHIV 6.1 uM
Anticarcinomic
Antifeedant
Antiflu
Antiinflammatory Recio, M., et al. 1994. Investigations on the Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Triterpenoids from Diospyros leucomelas*. Planta Medica, 61: 9.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antiviral 6.1 uM
Aphidifuge Lugemwa, F.N., Huang, F-Y., Bentley, M.D., Mendel, M.J., and Alford, A.R. 1990. A Heliothis zea Antifeedant from the Abundant Birchbark Triterpene Betulin. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38(2): 493-494.
Cytotoxic 600 ppm
Cytotoxic 8.6 uM
Hypolipemic
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=119 uMHuang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=38.6 uM
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.