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ActivityReference
11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
5-HT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50 (uM)=4
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN ID50=300 ug/ml rat (24 hr.)
QUERCITRIN IC50=0.67 mM/
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN IC70-96=10 uM
RUTIN IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN 100 uM
QUERCITRIN IC50=2 uM
RUTIN 100 uM
Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CATECHIN IC86=1 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC82=1 mM
RUTIN
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
QUERCETIN
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Analgesic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
CARYOPHYLLENE
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anesthetic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaflatoxin
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=25 uM
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiaggregant Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CATECHIN IC68=200 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=55 uM
RUTIN ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
Antiaging
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN
Antialcoholic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN 2,000 mg/man/day
Antiallergic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
RUTIN
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Meli, R., Autore, G., Di Carlo, G., Capasso, F. Inhibitory Action of Quercetin on Intestinal Transit in Mice. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 201, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiangiogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiaphthic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID 20,000 ppm
Antiapoplectic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (4)
MARRUBIIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
CATECHIN
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC50=14 uM
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (17)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CATECHIN MIC=>1,000 ug/ml
CITRIC-ACID
GENKWANIN
HYPEROSIDE MIC=250-500 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticalculic
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticancer
Chemicals (7)
BENZALDEHYDE
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Merck 7th Ed.
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE
RUTIN 20-100 mg orl man
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=1.5 uM
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticataract
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Anticoagulant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticolitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Anticonvulsant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
AntiCrohn's Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
QUERCETIN 400 mg/man/3x/day
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN 270 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticystitic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
Antidementia
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHOLINE
RUTIN
Antidepressant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
QUERCETIN
Antidermatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CHOLINE
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
Antiedemic
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
CARYOPHYLLENE
CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 270 mg/day orl man
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (3)
HYPEROSIDE IC50=0.15 ug/ml
ISOQUERCITRIN IC50=0.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=0.8 ug/ml
Antiencephalitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiendotoxic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN
Antierythemic
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CATECHIN
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
QUERCITRIN IC52=<1,000 ppm diet
RUTIN
Antifertility
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibromyalgic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID 300 mg 3x/day
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antiflu Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
CATECHIN
HYPEROSIDE
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antigastric Rastitel'nye Resursy, 21: 85.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antigastritic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
RUTIN 60 mg/day
Antigonadotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
AntiGTF
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antihangover
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
Antihematuric
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
QUERCITRIN
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
CATECHIN 1 g 3x/day/man
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (9)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CATECHIN
HYPEROSIDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
CATECHIN
QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/ml
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
CATECHIN 1,000 mg 5x/day/man
QUERCETIN IC50=<10 uM
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihydrophobic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (3)
CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiinflammatory Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CATECHIN IC50=80 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
HYPEROSIDE 1/4 indomethacin
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
QUERCETIN 20-150 mg/kg
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiischemic
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=64
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antileukemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
Chemicals (4)
CATECHIN IC50=>10 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
QUERCETIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (2)
CATECHIN
QUERCETIN IC67=50
Antilithic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
AntiLyme
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimalarial
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=>100 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antimenopausal
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimigraine Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (9)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BENZALDEHYDE
CITRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN ID50=2-5 nM
QUERCITRIN ID50=2-5 nM
RUTIN ID50=2-5 nM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antimyocarditic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (6)
CHOLINE
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
MARRUBIIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Antiobesity
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
Antiosteotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN 500 mg 3x/day
Antioxidant
Chemicals (10)
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
CATECHIN IC50=0.19 uM
HYPEROSIDE IC50=4.6 uM
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN IC96=300 ppm
QUERCITRIN IC50=120 uM
RUTIN IC28=30 ppm
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant Synergist Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiparkinsonian
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
CATECHIN
QUERCETIN
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiperistaltic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipermeability
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
RUTIN IC50=10-20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiplaque
Chemicals (3)
CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=13-64
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antiplatelet
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
AntiPMS Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 500 mg/2x/day/wmn
Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipodriac
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
Antipolio Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN 10 nM
RUTIN 50-75 uM/l
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN IC50=80 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
Antiprostanoid
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprostatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antiprotozoal
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antipurpuric
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiradicular Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CATECHIN IC50=8 uM
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN 1/4 quercetin
QUERCETIN IC50=4.6 uM
RUTIN 9 x quercetin
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antisclerodermic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CITRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCITRIN 0.41%
URSOLIC-ACID
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
Antistress
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antithrombogenic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN EC50=500 nM
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyroid
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=68 uM
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (3)
QUERCETIN IC50=13
RUTIN 100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Antitumor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (13)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 uM
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Bladder)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary)
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (5)
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (9)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CATECHIN 1 g/5x/day/man/orl
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antivaricose
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Antiviral Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
CATECHIN
HYPEROSIDE
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=10 uM
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiwrinkle
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE
Apoptotic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 20-60 uM
RUTIN 75 uM/l
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN
ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bacteristat
Chemicals (2)
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 10 mg/ml
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
HYPEROSIDE
Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE IC50=0.14 mg/ml
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (12)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
CATECHIN
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
QUERCETIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Capillarifortificant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE
Capillarigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Carcinogenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CATECHIN
QUERCETIN 40,000 ppm (diet) mus
TANNIN
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
STACHYDRINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Catabolic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
RUTIN
Choleretic ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (3)
MARRUBIIN
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Copper-Chelator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN IC50=80 uM (cf indomethacin IC50=1 uM)
COX-2-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (3)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
QUERCETIN <40 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Curaroid Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LEONURINE
Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
HYPEROSIDE 100 uM
QUERCITRIN 200 uM
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Chemicals (5)
CATECHIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN IC50=3 uM
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN ED50=70 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Detoxicant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
QUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic
Chemicals (1)
ISOQUERCITRIN
Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5.5 uM
Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Diuretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (7)
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN 10 ppm
LEONURINE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Dye Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Emmenagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 10% genistein
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Expectorant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MARRUBIIN
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYOSE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CITRIC-ACID FEMA 370-4,400
LIMONENE
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CATECHIN ED50=2.9-4.6 ug/ml
QUERCETIN
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN ID50=120 ug/ml
TANNIN
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemopoietic
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CATECHIN
CITRIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 5,000 ppm (diet) rat
RUTIN 20,000 ppm (diet) rat
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (8)
CATECHIN
CHOLINE
HYPEROSIDE IC80=30 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN 20 mg/kg rat
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=<1 ug/ml
Hypocholesterolemic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
CATECHIN
RUTIN
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN 100 mg/kg orl rat
QUERCITRIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
CHOLINE
HYPEROSIDE ivn dog
ISOQUERCITRIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BENZALDEHYDE
CATECHIN
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
iNOS-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=20 uM
Inotropic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
BENZALDEHYDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
RUTIN
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
STACHYDRINE
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
Insulinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CITRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Lactagogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-91.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Larvicide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Larvistat Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 8,000 ppm diet
RUTIN IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet
Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (5)
CATECHIN IC96=5 mM
QUERCETIN IC11=1.25 mM
RUTIN IC75=2.5 mM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Litholytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCITRIN
TANNIN
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 20 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Mutagenic
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (2)
CITRIC-ACID
MALIC-ACID
Myoprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Myorelaxant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
RUTIN
Myostimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LEONURINE
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
NEP-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=>42 uM
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-25 uM
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC>50=125 uM
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 5-50 uM
Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
QUERCETIN <10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Oxytocic?
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
QUERCETIN 5 uM
P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 50-100 uM
PAF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Paralytic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCITRIN
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CATECHIN
GENKWANIN
HYPEROSIDE
ISOQUERCITRIN
LIMONENE
MALIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
PGE2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Proliferant
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Propecic
Chemicals (1)
CATECHIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
QUERCETIN 40 ug/ml
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Protisticide
Chemicals (2)
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
PTK-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.4-24 uM
Purgative
Chemicals (1)
GENKWANIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
Chemicals (2)
QUERCETIN 6 uM
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CITRIC-ACID
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
MALIC-ACID
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Sunscreen
Chemicals (1)
RUTIN
Systolic-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STACHYDRINE
Teratologic
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Termiticide
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
HYPEROSIDE IC50=20.8 uM
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ISOQUERCITRIN
QUERCETIN IC50=3.11 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN IC50=12.8 ug/ml
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Chemicals (3)
ISOQUERCITRIN 550 ug/ml
QUERCETIN IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml
RUTIN IC50=1 ug/ml
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN 0.1% diet orl rat/yr
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
QUERCETIN ID50=70 uM
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uterotonic
Chemicals (2)
LEONURINE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Vasodilator
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
QUERCETIN
RUTIN
Vasopressor
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
QUERCITRIN
RUTIN
URSOLIC-ACID
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
QUERCETIN
Vulnerary Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
Chemicals (4)
CATECHIN
HYPEROSIDE
QUERCETIN IC50=>0.4 ug/ml
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.