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ActivityReference
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Transdermal
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Sedative Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Pesticide
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERMACRENE-D
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINOLENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (9)
ALLO-OCIMENE
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Insecticide Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungicide
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
P-CYMENE
TERPINOLENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
Expectorant
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MARRUBIIN
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
MARRUBIIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-MYRCENE
LIMONENE
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Apoptotic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antiviral
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antiulcer
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
SABINENE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antipyretic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
GAMMA-TERPINENE
TERPINOLENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CADINOL
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiflu
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antifeedant
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
Anticancer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antibacterial
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiarrhythmic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (3)
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
P-CYMENE
Allergenic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
Acaricide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-CADINOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.