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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE 8 ug/kg
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 11% inhibition)
DELTA-CADINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
COUMARIN IC100=2 mM
LIMONENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETONE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MYRCENE
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Analgesic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (7)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiallergic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antianaphylactic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
HEXANAL MBC=800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NEROL
P-CYMENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Antibrucellosic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Anticancer Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BUTYRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Anticancer (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL IC50=290 uM
Anticancer (Prostate) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticomplementary Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
MYRCENE
Antidepressant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidiuretic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (5)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
EUGENOL 100
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiesherichic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigonadotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SANTALENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphedemic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL IC50=250 uM/l
Antimetastatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 50 mg/man/day
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimitotic Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
Antimononuccleotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (5)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antimycoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antinephritic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiotitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
Antioxidant
Chemicals (7)
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 11 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipsoriac Pandeya, S.N. 1970. Biological Activity of Adamantyl Derivatives. The Indian Journal of Pharmacy, 33: 7.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (5)
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
HEXANAL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antiseptic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FURFURAL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
HEXANAL 400-800 ug/ml
LIMONENE
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
CIS-OCIMENE
EUGENOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-CADINENE
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (7)
BUTYRIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN 50 mg/day
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Antitumor (GI)
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Antitumor (Kidney) Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (3)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (3)
COUMARIN 400-7,000 mg/day
LIMONENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
NEROL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
Antiviral
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LIMONENE
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (4)
BUTYRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bacteristat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID
Bruchiphobe
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (9)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
COUMARIN 5-25 ug/ml
DIHYDROCOUMARIN
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARYOPHYLLENE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
COUMARIN 200 mg/kg orl mus
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
EUGENOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (4)
COUMARIN
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
ACETONE
EUGENOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
DELTA-3-CARENE
EUGENOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN IC50=57.5 uM
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
COUMARIN
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Estrogenic
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
NEROL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (33)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
DIACETYL FEMA 3-50
DIHYDROCOUMARIN FEMA 5-80
DIMETHYL-SULFIDE FEMA 0.1-2
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
GERANYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-20
HEXANAL FEMA <1-5
HEXYL-ACETATE FEMA 3-25
HEXYL-BUTYRATE FEMA 2-10
ISOVALERALDEHYDE FEMA 0.5-5
LIMONENE
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
LINALYL-FORMATE FEMA 1-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NERYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TRANS-2-HEXENAL FEMA 0.7-20
Fungicide Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CIS-OCIMENE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 0.8-1.71 mM/kg orl rat
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hyperthermic HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 45.
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Hypnotic Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 165
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 250-1,000 mg/kg orl
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DELTA-3-CARENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CAPROIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
DIACETYL
DIMETHYL-SULFIDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
PHELLANDRENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
COUMARIN
EUGENOL
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Lymphocytogenic Gawron, A., Gorski*, G., Glowniak**, K. 1989. Increased proliferation of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human leucocytes after 8-methoxypsoralen treatment. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 194-195, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN 100 mg/day
Lymphokinetic
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CARVONE
EUGENOL
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Narcotic
Chemicals (2)
ACETONE
COUMARIN
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID 880 ug/ml
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ovicide
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
Paramecicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (1)
TRANS-2-HEXENAL
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (22)
3-OCTANOL
ACETALDEHYDE FEMA 4-25
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SANTALENE
BORNEOL
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LINALYL-ACETATE
LINALYL-FORMATE
MYRCENE
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
SABINENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (35)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETALDEHYDE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
DELTA-CADINENE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
HEXANAL
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
NEROL
NERYL-ACETATE
P-CYMENE
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
TRANS-2-HEXENAL
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
Prosticide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (1)
TRANS-2-HEXENAL
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respiraparalytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETALDEHYDE
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirodepressant
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
COUMARIN
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
COUMARIN
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
GERANYL-ACETATE
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
NEROL
P-CYMENE
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
PHELLANDRENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
PHELLANDRENE
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ACETALDEHYDE ID50=43 ug/ml
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
ACETIC-ACID
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.