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Activities: 343
All Chemicals: 39
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Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
PRBER Seed520000.0 560000.0 *
FAT Seed161000.0 173000.0 -0.49 *
PROTEIN Seed64000.0 69000.0 -1.47 *
TANNIN Leaf40000.0 160000.0 0.6 *
Activities (35)
Anthelmintic
AntiHIV
Antibacterial
Anticancer
Anticariogenic
Antidiarrheic
Antidysenteric
Antihepatotoxic
Antihypertensive
Antilipolytic
Antimutagenic
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Antioxidant IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antioxidant 1/3 quercetin
Antiradicular 500 mg/kg/day orl musUchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Antiradicular 1/3 quercetin
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiulcer
Antiviral
Cancer-Preventive HerbalGram No. 22 - Spring 1990, page 14.
Carcinogenic
Chelator
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Hepatoprotective
Immunosuppressant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
MAO-Inhibitor
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
CAFFEINE Leaf2000.0 20000.0 -0.44 *
Activities (62)
(+)-Inotropic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Adenosine-Antagonist McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Analeptic 200 scu musBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Analgesic-Synergist
Antiapneic Martindale's 29th
Antiapoptotic
Antiasthmatic 5-10 mg/kg orl/manMartindale's 29th
Anticarcinogenic
Anticariogenic
Antidermatitic Martindale's 29th
Antiemetic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Antiherpetic
Antihypotensive 250 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antinarcotic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antiobesity
Antioxidant
Antirhinitic 140 mg/day/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antiserotonergic 40 ipr ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antiserotonergic 40 scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Antitumor
Antitumor (Lung)
Antivaccinia
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Apoptotic
Arrhythmigenic 1,500 mg/man
CNS-Stimulant 100 orl mus
CNS-Stimulant 30 orl rat
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardiotonic 10-25 orl dogBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Cardiotonic 65-500 orl catBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Catabolic Abstract (See species file)
Choleretic
Coronary-Dilator McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Diuretic
Energizer 20-200 mg/man
Ergotamine-Enhancer Martindale's 29th
FLavor FEMA 125Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Herbicide
Hypertensive
Hypoglycemic
Insecticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Lypolytic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Myorelaxant McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Pesticide
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Pyrogenic 60 mg/day oral hmnDaroca, P., Rodriguez, J., Reano, M., Canto, G., Miranda, P. 1996. Fever From Caffeine. Allergy, 51(3): 189-191.
Pyrogenic 13.3 mg/kg ipr rbtDascombe, M. J. 1977. Effects of Methylxanthine Drugs on Pyrogen-Induced Hyperthermia. Eur J Pharmacol, 45: 389-392.
Pyrogenic 15 mg/kg ipr catDascombe, M. J. 1977. Effects of Methylxanthine Drugs on Pyrogen-Induced Hyperthermia. Eur J Pharmacol, 45: 389-392.
Respirastimulant
Spasmogenic 1,500 mg/man
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Tachycardic 1,500 mg/man
Teratogenic 14 orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 0.1 nMTohda, H., Zhao, J. H., Oikawa, A. 1992. A Possible Involvement of DNA Topoisomerase I in 'Caffeine Effect' After Ultraviolet Irradiation. Tohoku J Exp Med, 168: 129-132.
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor 75 uMShin, C. G., Strayer, J. M., Wani, M., Snapka, R. M. 1990. Rapid Evaluation of Topoisomerase Inhibitors: Caffeine Inhibition of Topoisomerases in vivo. Teratogen Carcinogen Mutagen, 10: 41-52.
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor 99 mMShin, C. G., Strayer, J. M., Wani, M., Snapka, R. M. 1990. Rapid Evaluation of Topoisomerase Inhibitors: Caffeine Inhibition of Topoisomerases in vivo. Teratogen Carcinogen Mutagen, 10: 41-52.
Vasodilator Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
THEOBROMINE Leaf960.0 5000.0 1.0 *
Activities (21)
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiasthmatic 10 mg/kg/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Anticellulitic
Arteriodilator
Bronchodilator Merck 11th Edition
CNS-Stimulant
Cardiotonic Merck 11th Edition
Diuretic 300-600 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Emetic Martindale's 28th
Fetotoxic 100 mg/kg
Herbicide IC41=100 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Myocardiotonic
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Myostimulant Martindale's 29th
Pesticide
Stimulant
Teratogenic 100 mg/kg
Vasodilator Merck 11th Edition
cAMP-Inhibitor IC50=0.06 mg/mlSchussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
THEOPHYLLINE Leaf-- 500.0 1.0 *
Activities (36)
(+)-Inotropic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Allergenic Martindale's 29th
Antiapneic Martindale's 29th
Antiasthmatic 5 mg/kg/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Antibradyarrhythmic Martindale's 29th
Antibronchitic
Anticellulitic
Antidote Charcoal & PropanololMartindale's 29th
Antiemphysemic Martindale's 29th
Antineuralgic Martindale's 29th
Antirhinitic Martindale's 29th
Antispasmodic 100 uM
Antiviral
Arteriodilator
Bronchodilator
CNS-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cardiovascular 30 mg/kg orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Choleretic
Diuretic 15 mg/kg ivn rbtBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Fetotoxic 100 mg/kg
Herbicide IC58=100 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Hypertensive LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Hyperuricemic Martindale's 29th
Hypoglycemic
Myocardiotonic Martindale's 29th
Myorelaxant 100 uM
Pesticide
Prostaglandin-Secretor 10 mg/kg orl ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
Stimulant
Tachycardic Martindale's 29th
Teratogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vasodilator
cAMP-Inhibitor IC50=0.06 mg/mlSchussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
cGMP-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
NEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (2)
Antiinflammatory
Vulnerary
INOSITOL Leaf-- -- *
Activities (8)
Antialopecic
Anticirrhotic
Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
Antineuropathic? 2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Cholesterolytic 2,000 mg/man/day
Lipotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
BUTYRIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (6)
Anticancer Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antitumor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Apoptotic
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Nematistat 880 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Pesticide
RIBOFLAVIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (15)
AntiLyme 50 mg/day
Antiarabiflavinotic 2-10 mg/day orlMartindale's 28th
Anticarpal-Tunnel 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticataract 15 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Anticephalagic
Anticervicaldysplasic 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticheilitic
Antidecubitic
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antikeratitic
Antimigraine
Antioxidant
Antipellagric
Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
ISOVALERIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (5)
FLavor FEMA 1-16Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Sedative
Tranquilizer Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
WATER Seed-- 72000.0 -0.6 *
BETA-AMYRIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (9)
Analgesic
Antiedemic IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
Antiulcer
Gastroprotective
Hepatoprotective
Larvicide
Mosquitocide
RESINIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
ISOCAPRONIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
WATER Leaf-- 55000.0 -3.75 *
ASH Seed-- 13000.0 -1.05 *
RESIN Leaf-- 48000.0 -0.37 *
ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (2)
Irritant
Transdermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
VANILLIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (28)
Allelochemic IC50=4.26 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Allergenic
Antianemic
Anticancer
Antidrepanocytic
Antiescherichic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilactobacillic 10-100 mmol/l
Antilisteria
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Antioxidant #NAME?
Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiradicular 7 x quercetin
Antisickling
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antiyeast 8-30 mM
Bacteristat 10-40 mmol/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide 8-20 mM
Choleretic Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
FLavor FEMA 50-20,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Fungicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Immunosuppressant
Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
Irritant
Perfumery
Pesticide
ASH Leaf-- 42500.0 -1.35 *
PYRIDOXINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (43)
Analgesic 50 mg dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiMSG-Sensitivity 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
AntiMorning-Sickness Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiPMS 100 mg/day/orl/wmnMartindale's 29th
AntiPMS 50 mg/dayPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
AntiTMJ 50 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiacne 50 mg/day
Antiaggregant 40 mg/day
Antianemic 50-400 mg/man/day
Antiasthmatic 100-200 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiatherosclerotic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiautistic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticarpal-Tunnel 100-150 mg/day/12 wks/orl/manMartindale's 29th
Anticheilitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidepressant 40-50 mg day
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidiabetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (Hydrazine) 10 g ivnMartindale's 29th
Antidyskinetic 250-300 mg/man/4x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiemetic 20-200 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiepileptic 40 mg/day
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antihomocystinuric 40 mg/day
Antihyperkinetic 1.5-2 g/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihyperventilation 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiinfertility 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antilithic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antinephritic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antineuritic 150 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antineuropathic 50 mgWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antioxaluric Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiparkinsonian 50 mg day
Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiradiation Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antischizophrenic 50 mg/man/3x/dayMartindale's 28th
Antiseborrheic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antisickling Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antispasmodic 100 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiulcer Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antivertigo Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Dopaminergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Neurotoxic 2-6 g/day for 2-24 mosMartindale's 29th
Progesteronigenic 40 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
FIBER Leaf-- 176800.0 0.19 *
Activities (15)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Antidiabetic
Antihypertensive
Antiobesity
Antitumor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antiulcer Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Beta-Blocker
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Diuretic
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Hypouricemic
Laxative
Vasodilator
URSOLIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (89)
Analgesic
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
AntiHIV EC50=2.0 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
AntiHIV IC50=6.5 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
AntiHIV IC85=18 ug/ml
AntiHIV 6.7 uM
AntiTGF-beta IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Antiarrhythmic
Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Antibacterial
Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Anticariogenic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anticholestatic 28-100 mg/kg orlShukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Anticomplement IC100 0.1 mM/l gpgHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Anticomplement IC80-90 0.05 mM/l gpgHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Antiedemic
Antiescherichic
Antifibrosarcomic IC80=10 uM
Antihepatotoxic 5-20 mg/kg iprShukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Antihistaminic Tsuruga, T., Chun, Y.-T., Ebizuka, Y., and Sankawa, U. 1991. Biologically Active Constituents of Melaleuca leucadendron: Inhibitors of Induced Histamine Release from Rat Mast Cells. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 39(12): 3276-3278, 1991.
Antihyperlipidemic
Antiinflammatory 1/3 indomethacin
Antiinflammatory IC24=500 mg/kg
Antileishmanic ED50=20 uM
Antileukemic IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Antimalarial IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimetastatic IC80=10 uM
Antimutagenic IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antinephritic IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Antioxidant IC50=10 uM
Antiperoxidant IC35=200 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antiproliferative IC50=15-20 uM
Antistaphylococcic
Antithromboxane IC50=50 uM
Antitrypanosomic
Antitumor Cancer Research, 54: 701, 1994.
Antitumor (Breast) 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Breast) IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Lung)
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor (Stomach) IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Antitumor-Promoter Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
Antiulcer Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Antiviral IC85=18 ug/ml
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Beta-Blocker
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor ~100 mg/kg
CNS-Depressant
COX-2-Inhibitor IC50=130 uM/
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Candidicide
Cardioprotective
Cardiotonic
Choleretic 5-20 mg/kg orlShukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
Cytotoxic 50 ppm
Cytotoxic ED50=3.75 ug/ml
Cytotoxic 7.2 uM
Diuretic
Elastase-Inhibitor IC50=~15 uM
Hepatoprotective 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatoprotective 10 mg/kg
Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
Hypotensive
Immunomodulator
Leucocytogenic
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.18 mM
MMP-9-Inhibitor IC80=10 uM
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Piscicide
Potassium-Sparing 3 mg/ratIwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Protease-Inhibitor IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 5 ug/mlLee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Sodium-Sparing 3 mg/ratIwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Trypanocide
Vasopressor
5-O-CAFFEOYLQUINIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (1)
Antioxidant
TRIGONELLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (15)
Anticancer (Cervix) Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Anticancer (Liver) Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antihyperglycemic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antimigraine
Antiseptic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antitumor (Cervix)
Antitumor (Liver)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Hypocholesterolemic
Hypoglycemic 500-3,000 mg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Hypoglycemic 50 mg/kg orl ratNewall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Mutagenic
Osmoregulator
Pesticide
Propecic
4-OXOLAURIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
PROTEIN Leaf-- 190000.0 -0.22 *
EO Leaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 *
2,5-XYLENOL Leaf-- -- *
CHOLINE Leaf-- -- *
Activities (20)
Antialzheimeran 5-16 g/man/day
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Anticirrhotic 6,000 mg/man/day
Anticystinuric
Antidementia
Antidiabetic
Antidyskinetic 150-200 mg/kg/man/dayMartindale's 28th
Antihomocysteine
Antimanic 15-30 g/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antinociceptive
Antisteatotic
Cardiodepressant
Cerebrotonic
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Hepatoprotective
Hypotensive
Ileorelaxant
Lipotropic
Memorigenic
Parasympathomimetic (1/1,000th acetylcholine)Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
PANTOTHENIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (11)
Antiallergic 100-500 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiarthritic 500-2,000 mg/day
Anticephalagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticlaudificant? Martindale's 29th
Antidermatitic Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Antifatigue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antihypercholesterolemic 300 mg/mealWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antiielus? Martindale's 29th
Antiinsomniac? Martindale's 29th
Antirheumatitic? Martindale's 29th
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
CHLOROPHYLL Leaf-- 19000.0 -0.24 *
Activities (21)
Antibacterial
Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticancer (Colon) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Anticancer (Liver) Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
Antidecubitic
Antihalitosic
Antimenorrhagic 25 mg/day/wmn/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Antimutagenic Lawson, T., J. Nunnaly, B. Walker, E. Bresnick, D. Wheeler, and M. Wheeler. 1989. Isolation of compounds with antimutagenic activity from savoy chieftain cabbage. J. Agric. Food Chem. 37:1363-1367.
Antiotitic
Antioxidant
Antirhinitic
Antisinusitic
Antiulcer
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Colorant Martindale's 28th
Deodorant Merck 11th Edition
Dye
Oxidant
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Vulnerary
NITROGEN Leaf-- 30000.0 -0.69 *
CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (77)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity)Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
Allelochemic
Allergenic
Analgesic
AntiEBV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
AntiLegionella
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial
Anticancer (Colon)
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Anticancer (Liver)
Anticancer (Skin)
Anticarcinogenic
Antidiabetic
Antifeedant
Antigenotoxic
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Antihemolytic 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antihepatotoxic
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
Antihistaminic
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antihyperthyroid
Antiinflammatory Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Antileukotriene
Antimelanogenic
Antimutagenic
Antinitrosaminic
Antioxidant IC53=200 ppmHuang, M-T., and Ferraro, T. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Cancer Prevention. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.2 p.21.
Antioxidant IC80=12 uM
Antioxidant IC50=54.2 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=36 uMPlanta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
Antiradicular 10 uMOhnishi, M., Morishita, H., Iwahashi, H., Toda, S., Shirataki, Y., Kimura, M., and Kido, R. 1993. Inhibitory Effects of Chlorogenic Acids on Linoleic Acid Peroxidation and Haemolysis. Phytochemistry. 36(3): 579-583. 1994.
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antiseptic
Antisunburn
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Antitumor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Antitumor (Colon)
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Antitumor (Liver)
Antitumor (Skin)
Antitumor-Promoter IC25=10 uM
Antiulcer Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Autotoxic
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
CNS-Stimulant 1/6 Caffeine
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Cardioprotective
Chemopreventive
Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Choleretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
Collagen-Sparing
Diuretic
Fungicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Hepatoprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Histamine-Inhibitor
Hypoglycemic
Immunostimulant
Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC23=5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
NO-Genic
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pesticide
Sunscreen
Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vulnerary
STEARIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (8)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FLavor FEMA 2-4,000Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Propecic
Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NICOTINIC-ACID Leaf-- -- *
Activities (11)
AntiCrohn's Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antichilblain 50 mg/3x/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antidote (pesticides) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antischizophrenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Antithyrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Choleretic
Hypocholesterolemic 1-6 g/man/dayDavies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Hypoglycemic
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Insulinotonic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Lipolytic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
RUTIN Leaf-- -- *
Activities (87)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC27-52=10 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
Allelochemic
AntiCVI 270 mg/man/day
Antiaggregant ED50=33 nmol/kg iv
Antiallergic
Antiapoplectic
Antiatherogenic
Antiatherosclerotic
Antibacterial Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Anticancer
Anticapillary-Fragility 20-100 mg orl manMerck 7th Ed.
Anticataract
Anticlastogen
Anticonvulsant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antidementia Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
Antidermatitic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Antidiabetic Jin, G-Z., Yamagata, Y., and Tomita, K.-i. 1989. Structure of Rutin Pentamethanol. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(2): 297-300, 1990.
Antiedemic 270 mg/day orl man
Antierythemic
Antifeedant
Antiglaucomic 60 mg/dayWerbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Antihematuric
Antihemorrhoidal
Antihepatotoxic Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
Antihistaminic
Antihypertensive Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Antiinflammatory 20 mg/kg
Antimalarial IC50=>100 ug/mlKhalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
Antimelanomic
Antimetastatic
Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nM
Antinephritic
Antinociceptive
Antioxidant IC28=30 ppm
Antioxidant IC50=120 uM
Antioxidant IC54=10 uM
Antiperoxidant IC50=10-20 uM
Antiplatelet
Antiproliferant 50-75 uM/l
Antiprotozoal
Antipurpuric
Antiradicular 9 x quercetin
Antispasmodic
Antisunburn
Antithrombogenic EC50=500 nM
Antithyroid IC50=68 uM
Antitrypanosomic 100 mg/kgPlanta Medica, 57: A44, 1991.
Antitumor
Antitumor-Promoter
Antiulcer
Antivaricose
Antiviral
Apoptotic 75 uM/l
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
Catabolic
Chemopreventive
Cytoprotective IC50=3 uM
Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Hemostat
Hepatomagenic 20,000 ppm (diet) ratPhenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Hepatoprotective 20 mg/kg rat
Hypocholesterolemic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Hypotensive Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Immunomodulator
Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Larvistat IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm dietLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC75=2.5 mMOszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Myoprotective
Myorelaxant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PAF-Inhibitor
Pesticide
Protisticide
Radioprotective
Sunscreen
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1 ug/mlBernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
Vasodilator
Vasopressor
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.