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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
ABeta-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Acaricide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Acnegenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IODINE
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID 4 ug/ml (weak activity)
DELTA-CADINENE
DIOSMETIN IC17=10 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
FERULIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-IONONE
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Analgesic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (12)
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Androgenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
ESTRAGOL
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
TERPINEOL 10-100 ug/ml
THYMOL
Angiogenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anthelmintic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
TANNIN
THYMOL
Anti-LDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
D-LIMONENE IC22=1.2 mM
ELEMOL IC50=34 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
DELTA-CADINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ESTRAGOLE IC50=320 uM
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
FERULIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiaging
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiallergenic
Chemicals (2)
HESPERIDIN
TERPINEOL
Antiallergic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
FERULIC-ACID
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialopecic
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Antialzheimeran
Chemicals (4)
CHOLINE 5-16 g/man/day
DIOSMETIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1-100 mg/kg orl
Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarrhythmic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (4)
FERULIC-ACID
MARRUBIIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
Antiatherogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (4)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacterial
Chemicals (35)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-IONONE MIC=200 ug/ml
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVACROL MIC 170-290
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
EUGENOL 500 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
IODINE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
TERPINYL-ACETATE
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antibradykinic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 366.
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
THYMOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (8)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
LIMONENE
TANNIN
TERPINEOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticancer (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Anticancer (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticancer (Lung)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticancer (Skin)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Anticapillary-Fragility Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN 300 mg/2x/day/woman
HESPERIDIN
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
FERULIC-ACID
Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE MIC=100 ug/ml
DELTA-CADINENE MIC800 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 28-100 mg/kg orl
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
THYMOL
Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticirrhotic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE 6,000 mg/man/day
INOSITOL
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC40-50 0.01 mM/l gpg
URSOLIC-ACID IC100 0.1 mM/l gpg
Anticomplementary
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 1/2 aspirin
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (5)
ESTRAGOL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticystinuric
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Anticytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antidementia
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
DIOSMETIN
Antidepressant
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antidiabetic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
AntiDNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antidote (Strychnine)
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-EUGENOL
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
TANNIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 150-200 mg/kg/man/day
Antidysmenorrheic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiedemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (8)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC54=320 mg/kg orl
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC36=40 mg/kg ipr rat
ROSMARINIC-ACID 0.316-3.16 mg/kg ims
URSOLIC-ACID
Antielastase
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=93 um/l
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL
TERPINOLENE
Antifertility Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antifibrosarcomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
Antigliomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-ELEMENE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antigoiter Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IODINE
Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (2)
NEROL
SABINENE
Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID 25 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC70=5-10 um/l
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 450 mg 2x/day x7days then 1x/day x2months
Antihepatoadenomic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg ipr
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID 50 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antihistaminic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=200 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antihomocysteine
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antihyperlipidemic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihyperthyroid
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVACROL IC50=4 uM
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
FERULIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN IC47=50 mg/kg scu
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg ipr
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC~58=1,000 uM
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID 1/3 indomethacin
Antiintegrase
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID 10 ug/ml
Antiischemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
AntiLegionella
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID ED50=20 uM
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (6)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID IC50=25-56 ug/ml
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=2.5-17.8 ug/ml
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=17 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (4)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID
Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (5)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE 15-30 g/man/day/orl
Antimelanogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (6)
BETA-IONONE IC50=140 uM/l
CARVACROL IC50=120 uM/l
DIOSMIN
D-LIMONENE IC50=450 uM/l
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetrorrhagic Fitoterapia No.55-1984.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
Antimutagenic
Chemicals (12)
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMETIN ID50=10-40 nM
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC57-80=80 mg/kg
Antineoplastic
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID (Stomach)
Antinephritic
Chemicals (4)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antineuropathic? Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL 2 g/day
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHOLINE
MARRUBIIN
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2.3 mg mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (18)
BETA-SITOSTEROL IC44=10 uM
CAFFEIC-ACID 50 uM
CAMPHENE
CARVACROL
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
FERULIC-ACID 3,000 uM
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HESPERIDIN IC50=8 ppm
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
MYRCENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=2.7 ug/ml
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=10 uM
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL IC50=5.53 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.74 uM
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antipeptic
Chemicals (1)
BENZALDEHYDE
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
Chemicals (4)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=44 uM
DIOSMIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC30=200 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC35=200 ug/ml
AntiPGE2
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=24 uM
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
ROSMARINIC-ACID
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
Chemicals (5)
MYRTENAL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
MYRTENOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=70-89 ug/ml
TRANS-PINOCARVEOL IC50=5-50 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=28-37 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-ELEMENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TERPINEOL
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (7)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 30 mg/day/12 wks
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVACROL
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL 11 uM
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID 20 mg/kg ivn
Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Antiprostatitic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 10-20 mg 3 x/day/orl man
Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=0.9 mol l
Antipruritic
Chemicals (2)
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
CAMPHOR
Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (9)
CAFFEIC-ACID 10 uM
CARVACROL 600 x thymol
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
FERULIC-ACID EC50=9-15 ug/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL EC50=100 ul/l
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
THYMOL EC=60
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMETIN
AntiRNA
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
THYMOL
Antisarcomic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-PINENE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL 1.5 x phenol
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
FURFURAL
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
IODINE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID MIC=625-1,250 ug/ml
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antishock Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 735, 1988.
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID EC50=3.4-15 uM
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CAFFEIC-ACID
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antisteatotic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
DELTA-CADINENE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antisunburn
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
AntiTGF-beta
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=19-24 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=6-7.5 uM
Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
EUGENOL
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=50 uM
Antithyreotropic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antithyrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IODINE
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitriglyceride
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Antitrypanosomic
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor Cancer Research, 54: 701, 1994.
Chemicals (11)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-IONONE
CAFFEIC-ACID 200 ppm diet orl mus
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (5)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID 0.5% diet
Antitumor (Cervix)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (4)
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Forestomach)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Liver)
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (3)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Skin)
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=15-20 uM
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC42=10 uM
D-LIMONENE
FERULIC-ACID IC46=10 uM
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Antitussive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVACROL
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
DIOSMIN
ELEMOL
EUGENOL
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID >carbenoxolone
SABINENE
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
URSOLIC-ACID
Antiulcerogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Antiuremic
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
Chemicals (16)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml
DIOSMETIN
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
FERULIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
IODINE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/ml
P-CYMENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Anxiolytic
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (5)
BETA-ELEMENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
LIMONENE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Arrhythmigenic
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL LC50=110 ppm
Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID ~100 mg/kg
Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN (gentian)
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bruchifuge
Chemicals (1)
XANTHOPHYLL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
ESTRAGOLE IC50=257.6 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
HESPERIDIN IC50=1.2 uM rbt
METHYL-CHAVICOL IC50=258 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC50=1.2 uM rbt
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (20)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-IONONE
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHOR
DIOSMETIN
D-LIMONENE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidicide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BENZALDEHYDE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
CARVACROL MIC<0.1 ug/ml
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Capillariprotective Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAFFEIC-ACID 2% (diet)
ESTRAGOLE 4.4 uM/15 mos. scu mus
METHYL-EUGENOL
TANNIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
MARRUBIIN
Cardiodepressant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID 40 mg/kg
URSOLIC-ACID
Cardiotonic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Carminative
Chemicals (5)
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
THYMOL
Caspase-8-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Catabolic
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Cerebrotonic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
D-LIMONENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Cholagogue
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
TERPINEOL
Choleretic
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
MARRUBIIN
URSOLIC-ACID 5-20 mg/kg orl
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (2)
INOSITOL 2,000 mg/man/day
LIMONENE
Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (5)
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
HESPERIDIN 100-150 mg/kg ipr
LINALOOL
URSOLIC-ACID
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Co-carcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Collagen-Sparing
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 200-400 mg/kg ip
Convulsant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
PINOCAMPHONE >0.05 mg/kg ipr rat
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
THYMOL
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC58=1,000 uM
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC32=100 uM
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=295 uM/
ROSMARINIC-ACID IC>58=1,000 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=130 uM/
Culicide
Chemicals (3)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (7)
CARVACROL #NAME?
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
URSOLIC-ACID
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-IONONE
DELTA-CADINENE
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID TC50=200 ug/ml
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
ROSMARINIC-ACID TC50=100-150 ug/ml
URSOLIC-ACID 50 ppm
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
IODINE
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Differentiator
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE 8,000 mg/kg
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
URSOLIC-ACID
DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
METHYL-CHAVICOL
DNA-Protective
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Elastase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=~15 uM
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-THUJONE
BETA-THUJONE
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (3)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
PINOCAMPHONE
Estrogenic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DIOSMETIN EC50=2.9 uM
NEROL
Expectorant
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MARRUBIIN
TERPINEOL
THYMOL
Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (31)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BENZALDEHYDE FEMA 150-800
BENZYL-ALCOHOL Fema 200-1,200
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
CARVACROL FEMA 10-125
CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA <1
D-LIMONENE FEMA 30-2,300
ESTRAGOLE FEMA 4-150
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
FURFURAL FEMA 1-30
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-EUGENOL FEMA 5-15
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
NEROL FEMA 1-20
NONANOIC-ACID FEMA 1-15
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
TERPINYL-ACETATE FEMA 1-260
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (22)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-IONONE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID MIC=0.4 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
IODINE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat Laekeman, G.M., Van Hoof, L., Haemers, A., Vanden Berghe, D.A., Herman, A.G., and Vlietinck, A.J. Eugenol a Valuable Compound for In Vitro Experimental Research and Worthwhile for Further In Vivo Investigation. Phytotherapy Research 4(3): 93, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
METHYL-EUGENOL 100 ug/ml
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Goitrogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IODINE
Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatocarcinogenic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAFFEIC-ACID 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol)
ESTRAGOLE 0.23-0.46% diet/12 mos.
METHYL-CHAVICOL
Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
Chemicals (9)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BORNEOL
CAFFEIC-ACID
CHOLINE
EUGENOL 100 ppm
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID 1-100 ug/ml
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotropic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Herbicide
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
MYRTENAL
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
Hyperthyroid
Chemicals (1)
IODINE >1 mm/day/diet
Hypnotic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Hypocholesterolemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-IONONE
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/man/day/orl
D-LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
DIOSMIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypolipemic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 2-6 g/day
FERULIC-ACID
HESPERIDIN
Hypotensive
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CHOLINE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Hypothermic
Chemicals (5)
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
MYRCENE
Ileorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (4)
LIMONENE
OLEANOLIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Immunostimulant
Chemicals (4)
BENZALDEHYDE
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
D-LIMONENE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
METHYL-CHAVICOL
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (28)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BENZALDEHYDE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
D-LIMONENE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
TERPINYL-ACETATE
THYMOL
XANTHOPHYLL
Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (17)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Larvicide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-THUJONE
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
TERPINEOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Leucocytogenic
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipotropic
Chemicals (2)
CHOLINE
INOSITOL
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
Chemicals (6)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC27=5 mM
DIOSMIN
HESPERIDIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID IC50=0.18 mM
Litholytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Lyase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=94-164 uM
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
MDR-Inhibitor Critchfield, J. W., Welsh, C. J., Phang, J. M., Yeh, G. C. 1994. Modulation of Adriamycin Accumulation and Efflux by Flavonoids in HCT-15 Colon Cells. Activation of P-Glycoprotein as a Putative Mechanism. Biochem Pharmacol, 48(7): 1437-1445.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 100 uM
Memorigenic
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE
Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC80=10 uM
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
ESTRAGOLE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
ESTRAGOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE
METHYL-EUGENOL
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BENZALDEHYDE MLC=1 mg/ml
BETA-IONONE MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CARVACROL MLC=1 mg/ml
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-EUGENOL MIC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Nephrotoxic
Chemicals (1)
D-LIMONENE
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
PINOCAMPHONE
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
NO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMETIN EC50=19 uM
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
URSOLIC-ACID
Osteoblastogenic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMETIN
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
D-LIMONENE IC50=0.19 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-IONONE
DELTA-CADINENE
LIMONENE
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CHOLINE (1/1,000th acetylcholine)
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (29)
3-OCTANOL
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-MYRCENE
BETA-PHELLANDRENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CUMINALDEHYDE
ESTRAGOLE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
LINALOOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
MYRTENYL-ACETATE
NEROL
NONANOIC-ACID
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
PINOCARVONE
SABINENE
TERPINEOL
TERPINOLENE
TERPINYL-ACETATE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (48)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ALPHA-THUJONE
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BETA-IONONE
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SITOSTEROL
BETA-THUJONE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARVACROL
CUMINALDEHYDE
DELTA-CADINENE
D-LIMONENE
EUGENOL
FERULIC-ACID
FURFURAL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
HESPERIDIN
ISOPINOCAMPHONE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-CHAVICOL
METHYL-EUGENOL
MYRCENE
MYRTENAL
NEROL
P-CYMENE
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
PINOCAMPHONE
ROSMARINIC-ACID
TANNIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINEOL
TERPINOLENE
TERPINYL-ACETATE
THYMOL
URSOLIC-ACID
XANTHOPHYLL
Phagocytotic
Chemicals (2)
FERULIC-ACID
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chemicals (2)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
PPAR-Gamma-Antagonist
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMETIN
Preservative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID
ProHLDL
Chemicals (1)
HESPERIDIN
Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
LINALOOL
Prostaglandigenic
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID
FERULIC-ACID
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
CARVACROL
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Xu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
FERULIC-ACID 0.58-3.2 mM
OLEANOLIC-ACID igs mus
Protease-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml
Protisticide
Chemicals (2)
IODINE
URSOLIC-ACID
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 5 ug/ml
Radioprotective
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
ROSMARINIC-ACID
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Secretogogue
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MARRUBIIN
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (19)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BENZALDEHYDE
BENZYL-ALCOHOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAFFEIC-ACID 500 mg
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
METHYL-EUGENOL
NEROL
OLEANOLIC-ACID
P-CYMENE
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL
THYMOL
Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID 3 mg/rat
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Sunscreen Chemical Marketing Reporter; a weekly tabloid, 9/10/92.
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=2.5 mg/l
FERULIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
INOSITOL
Termiticide
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
BENZALDEHYDE LD100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Testosterone-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-CADINENE
Thyrotropic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
IODINE
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMETIN IC50=3.27 uM
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
BETA-IONONE LD100=100 ug/ml
CARVACROL LD100=150 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
NEROL ED100=300 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trypanocide
Chemicals (1)
URSOLIC-ACID
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (1)
CAFFEIC-ACID
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BENZALDEHYDE ID50=820 uM
CUMINALDEHYDE ID50=0.05 mM
Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (2)
BETA-SITOSTEROL
INOSITOL
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (3)
BETA-SITOSTEROL 500 mg/kg ipr rat
CUMINALDEHYDE
EUGENOL
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
FERULIC-ACID 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat
Uterotonic
Chemicals (1)
OLEANOLIC-ACID
Varroacide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
THYMOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasopressor
Chemicals (3)
HESPERIDIN
OLEANOLIC-ACID
URSOLIC-ACID
Venoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Venotonic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Vermifuge
Chemicals (2)
CARVACROL
EUGENOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
CAFFEIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=39.21 uM
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.