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ActivityReference
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-TERPINENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
THYMOL
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Allelochemic
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allergenic
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
THYMOL
Allergenic?
Chemicals (1)
DELTA-3-CARENE
Analgesic
Chemicals (6)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
THYMOL
Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETULINIC-ACID
THYMOL
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=1.0 mM
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL IC50=750
THYMOL IC50=0.75
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
FENCHONE
LIMONENE
THYMOL
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
BETULINIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
DELTA-3-CARENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL MIC=50-400 ug/ml
Antibronchitic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETULINIC-ACID
ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Anticarcinomic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
FENCHONE
THYMOL
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
BETULINIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID EC50=2.0 ug/ml
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BETULINIC-ACID
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-3-CARENE ipr
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antileukemic
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID
Antilisteria
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimalarial
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID IC50=19-26 ug/ml
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
BETULINIC-ACID
THYMOL IC50=120 uM/l
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-CADINOL
Antimutagenic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antinociceptive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETULINIC-ACID
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antioxidant Jim Duke's personal files.
Chemicals (6)
CAMPHENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL 100 ppm
Antioxidant (LDL)
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL IC50=4 uM
Antiperiodontic
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=39-625 ug/ml
Antiplasmodial
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID IC50=19-26 ug/ml
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Antipyretic
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL EC=60
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (3)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL 20 x phenol
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MYRCENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Antitartar
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 5%
Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BETULINIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitussive
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Antiulcer
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiviral
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
BETULINIC-ACID 14.8 uM
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Apoptotic
Chemicals (3)
BETULINIC-ACID
ELEMENE
LIMONENE
Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
MENTHOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Candidicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
THYMOL 100 ug/ml (>Nystatin)
Candidistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Counterirritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
FENCHONE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL (=indomethacin)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID 50-100 ppm
Decongestant
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL
Deodorant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (3)
DELTA-3-CARENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Diuretic
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Emetic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
CAMPHOR
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
THYMOL
Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
THYMOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE FEMA 10-130
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
DELTA-3-CARENE FEMA
FENCHONE FEMA 0.1-5
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THYMOL FEMA 2-100
Fungicide
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=200-400 ug/ml
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
THYMOL MIC=50-200 ug/ml
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Insecticide
Chemicals (6)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINENE 0.86 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
THYMOL LC50=36-49 mg/l
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (14)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THYMOL
Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL 10 ppm
Laxative
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
P-CYMENE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Molluscicide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
THYMOL
Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
THYMOL MLC=0.1 mg/ml
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
ALPHA-TERPINENE IC50=0.76 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
FENCHONE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (20)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-CADINOL
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
DELTA-3-CARENE
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THYMOL
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Huang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.
Chemicals (1)
BETULINIC-ACID 200 ug/ml
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Rubefacient
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Secretolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FENCHONE
Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
P-CYMENE
THYMOL
Spasmogenic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
MENTHOL
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Tracheorelaxant
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
Transdermal
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
THYMOL LD100=25 ug/ml
Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ELEMENE
Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
THYMOL
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vibriocide
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
MENTHOL
Vulnerary Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-91.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
TERPINEN-4-OL
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.