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ActivityReference
Vulnerary
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
ASCORBIC-ACID
TERPINEN-4-OL
Vibriocide Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Vermifuge
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Vasodilator
Chemicals (6)
ARGININE
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
EUGENOL
FIBER
NIACIN
Varroacide
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE
Urine-Acidifier Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE 200 mg/3x/day/man/orl
Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Uricosuric
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 4 g/man/day
GLYCINE
Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Tumor-Promoter
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
TRYPTOPHAN
Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=10 ug/ml
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
EUGENOL LD100=300 ug/ml
LINALOOL LD100=600 ug/ml
P-CYMENE LD100=50 ug/ml
Tremorigenic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
PHENYLALANINE 1,600-12,600 mg/man/day
Transdermal
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
Tranquilizer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
Chemicals (2)
GALANGIN
KAEMPFERIDE
Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Termiticide
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL IC100=5 mg/g
EUGENOL LD100=5 mg/g
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Stomachic
Chemicals (2)
BETA-BISABOLENE
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENE
Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE 4 g/day
Spermicide
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL ED100=0.015
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHENE
Serotoninergic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
NIACIN
TRYPTOPHAN 6-12 g/day/orl/man
Sedative Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALOOL ED=1-32 mg/kg
NIACIN
P-CYMENE
TRYPTOPHAN 3-10 g/man/day
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Roborant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
ASPARTIC-ACID
Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
Chemicals (2)
GALANGIN 4 uM
KAEMPFERIDE
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 1 mM rbt
EUGENOL-ACETATE 1 mM rbt
Prooxidant
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE 20 ug/g
IRON
LINALOOL
Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN
Poultice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Pituitary-Stimulant
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (26)
1,8-CINEOLE
1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE
4-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CADINENE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
THIAMIN
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (14)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-BISABOLENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CADINENE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LINALOOL
METHYL-CINNAMATE
MYRCENE
SABINENE
TERPINOLENE
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
CAMPHOR IC50=7.89 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Oxidant
Chemicals (2)
ALANINE
HISTIDINE
Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
PHOSPHORUS
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
Occuloirritant
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
NO-Genic
Chemicals (2)
ARGININE
LIMONENE
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
EUGENOL
GLUTAMIC-ACID
Neuroprotective
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Neuroinhibitor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLYCINE
Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASPARTIC-ACID
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE 100 ug/ml
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
BORNEOL MLC=1 mg/ml
CAMPHOR MLC=1 mg/ml
CHAVICOL
EUGENOL MLC=2,000 ug/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
LINALOOL MLC=1 mg/ml
METHYL-CINNAMATE MLC=1 mg/ml
TERPINEN-4-OL MLC=1 mg/ml
Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
GALANGIN
Mucolytic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/woman/day
Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Mosquitofuge
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL > Deet
LINALOOL > Deet
Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
PHENYLALANINE
TRYPTOPHAN
TYROSINE
Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALANGIN IC50 (uM)=20
Lipotropic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 1,000-1,200 mg
FIBER
P-CYMENE
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Irritant
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
LIMONENE
Interferonogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Interferon-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN
Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN
Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THIAMIN 75-150 mg/man/day
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Insecticide
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 1.29 uM/fly
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
METHYL-CINNAMATE
Insect-Repellent
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Immunostimulant Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 180 mg/man/day/orl
PHOSPHORUS
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Hypouricemic
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Hypotensive
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/man/day
CALCIUM 1 g/day
FIBER 10 g/man/day/orl
TRYPTOPHAN 3 g/day
Hypolipidemic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Hypoglycemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
NIACIN
TRYPTOPHAN
Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Hypocholesterolemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 300-1,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
FIBER
NIACIN 50-100 mg 3x/day
Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
LYSINE 250 mg/kg
Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE
Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
LINALOOL
TRYPTOPHAN
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL IC50=470 mM
CAMPHOR IC50=3.3-180 mM
EUGENOL
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
P-CYMENE IC50=50 uM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC50=200 mM
Hepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (4)
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 100 ppm
METHIONINE
NIACIN
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE
Gastrostimulant J. Drug. Dev. (Vol. 6=1993) e.g. Mustafa, T., Srivastava, K.C., and Jensen, K.B. 1993. Drug Development Report (9): Pharmacology of Ginger, Zingiber officinale. J. Drug. Dev. 6(1): 25-39.
Chemicals (1)
GALANOLACTONE
Gastroprotective
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-CAROTENE
GABA-nergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Fungistat
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungicide
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR ED50=2.7 mM
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
CHAVICOL
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (18)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
ALPHA-TERPINEOL FEMA 5-40
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
BORNEOL FEMA<1
BORNYL-ACETATE FEMA 70-80
CADINENE FEMA 400-4,000
CAMPHENE FEMA 15-175
EUGENOL FEMA 10-500
GAMMA-TERPINENE FEMA 1-40
LIMONENE
LINALOOL FEMA 2-40
METHYL-CINNAMATE FEMA 2-40
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
P-CYMENE FEMA 12-250
TERPINOLENE FEMA 15-60
THREONINE FEMA 1,000
VALINE FEMA 1,000-2,000
Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Fibrinolytic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENE
BORNYL-ACETATE
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (8)
HISTIDINE
ISOLEUCINE
LEUCINE
LYSINE
METHIONINE
THREONINE
TRYPTOPHAN
VALINE
Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Emollient Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Emetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
METHIONINE
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Ecbolic
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
Diuretic
Chemicals (5)
ARGININE
ASCORBIC-ACID 700 mg/man/orl
CALCIUM
FIBER
TERPINEN-4-OL 0.1 ml/rat
Detoxicant
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Deodorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINOLENE
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 25 ug/ml
LINALOOL
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
GALANGIN IC50 (uM) =7
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL LC50=156-194 mg/l
COX-2-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC82=50 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC>97=1,000 uM
COX-1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC78=50 ug/ml
EUGENOL IC97=1,000 uM
Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Collagenic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/day
CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
CNS-Stimulant
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (3)
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
LINALOOL
Circulotonic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Cicatrizant
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL ED50=240 ug/g mus
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
EUGENOL
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
Cardioprotective
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
NIACIN
Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TRYPTOPHAN
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Candidicide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (18)
4-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDE
ALANINE
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE 22 ppm
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
EUGENOL-METHYL-ETHER
FIBER
GALANGIN
GLYCINE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
METHIONINE
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN
SERINE
TYROSINE
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE ED50=32 uM gpg
EUGENOL IC50=224 uM
Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/day/man
Beta-Blocker
Chemicals (1)
FIBER
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Barbituate-Synergist
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (1)
TERPINEN-4-OL
Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day/orl
Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
Chemicals (2)
GALANGIN IC20=1 uM/l
KAEMPFERIDE IC19=1 uM/l
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-10 mM
LIMONENE
Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Aphrodisiac
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE 3 g/day
Anxiolytic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (3)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
GLUTAMIC-ACID
PHOSPHORUS
Antiyeast
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antivitiligic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENYLALANINE 100 mg/kg/day/orl/man
Antiviral Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
GALANGIN
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE
Antivertigo
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiuremic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HISTIDINE
Antiulcer Yamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
Chemicals (16)
1,8-CINEOLE
1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE
1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE
AR-CURCUMENE IC45=100 mg/kg
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-BISABOLENE IC57=100 mg/kg
BETA-CAROTENE 12 mg 3x/day/man/orl
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENE IC40=50 mg/kg
EUGENOL
FIBER
GLYCINE
HISTIDINE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
THREONINE
TYROSINE 256 mg scu
Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC26=45 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Lung)
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE IC30=60 ug/ml
Antitumor (Gastric)
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antitumor (CNS)
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC43=45 ug/ml
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE IC45=60 ug/ml
LIMONENE
Antitumor Simon, P.W. Carrots and Other Horticultural Crops as a Source of Provitamin A Carotenes. HortScience, 25(12): 1495, 1990.
Chemicals (8)
1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE
1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BETA-CAROTENE
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
FIBER
LIMONENE
AntiTNF
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL
GALANOLACTONE
Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-4 g/day
Antistress
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg/day
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL MIC=250 ug/ml
EUGENOL
Antispasmodic
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL ED50=0.008 mg/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE ED50=0.09 mg/ml
CAMPHOR ED50=0.075 mg/ml
EUGENOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NIACIN 100 mg 2x/day
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antisinusitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisickling
Chemicals (2)
GLYCINE
PHENYLALANINE 690 ug/ml
Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiseptic
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCORBIC-ACID MIC=3.3-217 mg/ml
BETA-PINENE
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
LIMONENE
LINALOOL 5 x phenol
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiscotomic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 10 mg/man/day
Antiscoliotic
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN
Antisarcoma Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (2)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
EUGENOL MIC=400 ug/ml
Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?
BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENE IC50=0.44 uM
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
Antirheumatic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
TRYPTOPHAN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiretinotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiretardation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
AntiRaynaud's
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg 1-2x/day
NIACIN 1,500-4,000 mg/day
Antiradicular
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
EUGENOL EC50=2 ul/l
Antipyretic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BORNEOL
EUGENOL 3 ml/man/day
Antipsychotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN 12 g/man/day
Antipsoriac Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (2)
CAMPHOR
GLYCINE
Antiprostatitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
GLUTAMIC-ACID 125-250 mg 3 x/day
GLYCINE 125-250 mg 3 x/day
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (2)
EUGENOL 11 uM
TRYPTOPHAN 250 pg/ml
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
Antipoliomyelitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
THIAMIN
Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
ASCORBIC-ACID
AntiPMS
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1 g/day
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiphotophobic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
BETA-CAROTENE 30-300 mg/man/day
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiphenylketonuric Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
TRYPTOPHAN
TYROSINE
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
Chemicals (1)
GALANGIN IC50=39 uM
Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
CALCIUM 750 mg/day
Antipellagric
Chemicals (3)
ISOLEUCINE
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiparkinsonian Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (6)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2-3x/day
METHIONINE 1-5 g/day
NIACIN 100 mg/day
PHENYLALANINE 200-500 mg/day/man
TRYPTOPHAN 2 g 3 x/day
TYROSINE 100 mg/kg/day
Antipapillomic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiozenic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antioxidant?
Chemicals (2)
ARGININE
THREONINE
Antioxidant
Chemicals (14)
ALANINE
ASCORBIC-ACID 100 ppm
BETA-CAROTENE
CAMPHENE
EUGENOL IC65=30 ppm
GALANGIN
GAMMA-TERPINENE
HISTIDINE
METHIONINE
MYRCENE
RIBOFLAVIN
TERPINEN-4-OL
TERPINOLENE
TRYPTOPHAN 125 ug/ml
Antiotitic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Antiosteoporotic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/day
CALCIUM 500-2,000 mg/day
PHOSPHORUS
Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 2x/day
Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiobesity
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g 3x/day
CALCIUM
FIBER
LIMONENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antinitrosating
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (2)
MYRCENE
TERPINOLENE
Antineuropathic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN 50 mg
Antineuritic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineurasthenic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antineuramidase
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antineuralgic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
CAMPHOR
NIACIN
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antinesidioblastosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antinephritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
HISTIDINE
Antimyocarditic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (8)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
EUGENOL
GALANGIN
KAEMPFERIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
Antimorphinic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASPARTIC-ACID
Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antimite
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimigraine
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
RIBOFLAVIN
THIAMIN
TRYPTOPHAN 500 mg/man/4x/day
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
IRON 100 mg/day/wmn/orl
Antimenopausal Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
TRYPTOPHAN 6 g/day
AntiMeniere's Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antimeasles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antimastitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN 12 g/man/day/orl
Antimange
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antimaculitic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-CAROTENE
Antilymphomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
AntiLyme
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-2,000 mg
NIACIN 50 mg/day
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
THIAMIN 50 mg
Antilupus Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 150 mg/man/day/2 mos
Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHENE
Antilithic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
GLUTAMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Antilipoperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE IC71=50 ug/ml
Antileukoplakic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml
Antilepric Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1.5 g/man/day
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antikeratotic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
Antikeratitic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiinsomnic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1 g/day
Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
TRYPTOPHAN 1-3 g/day
Antiinflammatory
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
ASCORBIC-ACID
BETA-PINENE
BORNEOL
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL (11 uM) IC~97=1,000 uM
GALANGIN IC50=5.5 uM
KAEMPFERIDE
LIMONENE
LINALOOL
Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (2)
ARGININE 4 g/day
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/day
Antiimpotence
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE
Antiichythyotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihypertensive J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
Chemicals (5)
ARGININE
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
FIBER
TRYPTOPHAN
Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM
Antihyperkeratotic
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Antihyperammonemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
Antihyperactivity Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN 1.5-6 g/day
Antihistaminic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day orl man
LINALOOL
NIACIN 50 mg 2x/day
Antiherpetic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day
EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml
LYSINE 0.5-3 g/day
THIAMIN
Antihepatotoxic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antihepatotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE
Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ARGININE
ASCORBIC-ACID 2-6 g/man/day
Antihemorrhagic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antiheartburn
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antihangover
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg
NIACIN 50 mg
THIAMIN 50 mg
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiglutamaergic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiglossitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2 g/day
Antigingivitic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antigenotoxic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL 50-500 mg/kg orl mus
Antigastritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
GLYCINE
THIAMIN
Antigallstone
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-3,000 mg/day
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
P-CYMENE
Antifibrotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg
Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR
Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
BORNYL-ACETATE
CADINENE
CAMPHOR IC50=5,000 ppm diet
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
THIAMIN
Antiestrogenic
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL MIC=125 ug/ml
Antiepileptic
Chemicals (2)
GLUTAMIC-ACID
NIACIN 3 g/day
Antiendometriotic
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiencephalopathic? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ISOLEUCINE
Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (6)
ARGININE
GLYCINE
LEUCINE
THIAMIN
TYROSINE
VALINE
Antiencephalitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antiemetic? J. Drug. Dev. (Vol. 6=1993) e.g. Mustafa, T., Srivastava, K.C., and Jensen, K.B. 1993. Drug Development Report (9): Pharmacology of Ginger, Zingiber officinale. J. Drug. Dev. 6(1): 25-39.
Chemicals (1)
GALANOLACTONE
Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 100-200 mg man orl
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1 g/man/day
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE
EUGENOL 100
LINALOOL
Antieczemic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 3.5-5 g/day
METHIONINE
Antidysphagic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antidyspeptic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidyskinetic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
TRYPTOPHAN 2-8 g/orl/wmn/day
Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidote (Paraquat) Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Paracetamol) Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE 10 g/16hr/man/orl
Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
Antidote (Iodine) Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Antidote (Hypoglycin-A) Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLYCINE
Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID
Antidote (Aluminum) Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM
Antidote (Acetaminophen) Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
METHIONINE 10 g/16hr/man/orl
Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
Chemicals (1)
CAMPHOR 500 ug/ml
Antidiabetic? Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ARGININE
Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
NIACIN
Antidermatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antidepressant?
Chemicals (1)
TYROSINE
Antidepressant Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
CALCIUM
PHENYLALANINE 50-4,000 mg/day/man
TRYPTOPHAN 1-3 g/3x/day/orl/man
Antidementia
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID
NIACIN
THIAMIN
TRYPTOPHAN 3 g/day
Antideliriant
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antidecubitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500 mg/man/2x/day
RIBOFLAVIN
THIAMIN
AntiCTS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg 3x/day
AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 50-100 mg/day/orl/man
Anticoronary
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE 50 mg/man/2 days
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (4)
EUGENOL
LINALOOL 200 mg/kg ipr mus
MYRCENE
NIACIN 3 g/day
Anticolitic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Anticolic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Anticold
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1-2 g/man/day
Anticlimacteric
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-5,000 mg/day
CALCIUM 1,000-1,500 mg/day
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
Antichilblain Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Anticheilitic
Chemicals (2)
IRON
RIBOFLAVIN
AntiCFS
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg
Anticervicaldysplasic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000-2,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
RIBOFLAVIN 1.6-10 mg/day
Anticephalagic
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticataract Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (5)
ASCORBIC-ACID 350 mg/day
METHIONINE
NIACIN
RIBOFLAVIN 15 mg/day
THIAMIN
Anticarpal-Tunnel Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 50 mg/day
Anticariogenic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
Anticardiospasmic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Anticarcinomic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Anticanker
Chemicals (2)
IRON
THIAMIN
Anticancer
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
Antibronchitic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
BORNEOL
Antiberiberi
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antibacterial
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID
BORNEOL MIC=125-250 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE
EUGENOL 500 ppm
LIMONENE
LINALOOL MIC=1,600 ug/ml
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
SABINENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antibackache Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
P-CYMENE
Antiatherosclerotic
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
Antiasthmatic
Chemicals (4)
ASCORBIC-ACID 1,000 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
LIMONENE
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiarthritic
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 0.2-1 g/day
BETA-CAROTENE
CALCIUM 1,000 mg/day
Antiarteriosclerotic
Chemicals (1)
HISTIDINE
Antiarrhythmic
Chemicals (1)
CALCIUM 500-1,500 mg
Antiarachidonate
Chemicals (1)
EUGENOL
Antiarabiflavinotic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
RIBOFLAVIN 2-10 mg/day orl
Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
Chemicals (2)
CALCIUM
TRYPTOPHAN 500-1,000 mg/meal
Antianorectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN
Antianginal
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antianemic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Antianaphylactic
Chemicals (1)
LINALOOL
Antiamblyopic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antialzheimeran Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000-6,000 mg/day
NIACIN
THIAMIN 100-3,000 mg/day
Antiallergic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE
ASCORBIC-ACID
CALCIUM 500 mg/day
LINALOOL
NIACIN 50 mg/2x/day
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antialkalotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
LYSINE
Antialkali? Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLUTAMIC-ACID 500-1,000 mg/day/orl/man
Antialdosteronic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
GLYCINE
Antialcoholic
Chemicals (1)
THIAMIN 50-100 mg/day
Antiakathisic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
IRON
Antiaging
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID 400 mg/day
BETA-CAROTENE
Antiaggregant Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
EUGENOL IC50=0.3 uM
AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID 2,000 mg/day
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
AntiADD Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
PHENYLALANINE 587 mg/day/orl
Antiacrodynic
Chemicals (1)
NIACIN
Antiacne
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
BETA-CAROTENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Antiacid Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
GLYCINE
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (6)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
GAMMA-TERPINENE IC23=1.2 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
LINALOOL
P-CYMENE IC40=1.2 mM
TERPINEN-4-OL IC21-24=1.2 mM
Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (1)
BORNEOL
Anti-5-HT Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (1)
GALANOLACTONE
Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Chemicals (2)
ASCORBIC-ACID
FIBER
Anesthetic
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL 200-400
LINALOOL 0.01-1 ug/ml
Androgenic? Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Chemicals (1)
BETA-CAROTENE
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (9)
ASCORBIC-ACID 5-10 g/day
BORNEOL
CAMPHOR
EUGENOL
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
P-CYMENE
THIAMIN 1-4 g/day
TRYPTOPHAN 750 mg/4x/day/orl/man
Allergenic
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-CAROTENE
BETA-PINENE
EUGENOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
LINALOOL
MYRCENE
NIACIN
Allelopathic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-TERPINEOL
CAMPHENE
CAMPHOR
TERPINEN-4-OL
Allelochemic
Chemicals (5)
4-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDE IC50=0.38 mM
ALPHA-PINENE
BORNEOL
LIMONENE
TERPINOLENE
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml
ASCORBIC-ACID
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Acidulant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
ASCORBIC-ACID FEMA 6,000
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-TERPINEOL 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
GAMMA-TERPINENE 100 ug/ml (weak activity)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
EUGENOL LD50=5.47 ug/sq cm cf DEET at 37.59 ug/sq cm
GAMMA-TERPINENE
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
LINALOOL C90=<15 ul/l (=<15 ppm
Absorbent Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
STARCH
Abortifacient
Chemicals (1)
BETA-BISABOLENE
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
BORNEOL 29 ug/ml
BORNYL-ACETATE 933 nl/ml
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.