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(-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
(-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 87 nl/ml
Acaricide
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE LC100=6 uM
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE LC100=8 uM
MENTHONE
ACE-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Acidulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MYRCENE 100 ug/ml
SALICYLIC-ACID 724.6 uM
Allelochemic
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Allelopathic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHONE
Allergenic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (11)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE 1/20th carene
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
Chemicals (6)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Anaphrodisiac
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Anesthetic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
LINALYL-ACETATE 0.01-1 ug/ml
MENTHOL 2,000 ppm
Anthelmintic
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
GERANIOL
TANNIN
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chemicals (10)
(+)-PULEGONE IC50=136 ug/ml
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=41 ug/ml
CARVONE IC50=1.4-1.8 mM
ISOMENTHONE IC50=1.6 mM
LIMONENE IC22-26=1.2 mM
MENTHOL IC50=2.0 mM
MENTHONE IC50=1.4 mM
PIPERITENONE IC50=110 ug/ml
PULEGONE IC50=0.9 mM
(-)-MENTHONE IC39=164 ug/ml
Antiacne
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiadenomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiaggregant
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL IC50=750
MENTHONE IC50=750
Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE
PULEGONE
Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiasthmatic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Chemicals (4)
CARYOPHYLLENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
PIPERITONE
Antibacillary
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacillus
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antibacterial Economou, D., and Nahrstedt, A. 1991. Chemical, Physiological, and Toxicological Aspects of the Essential Oil of Some Species of the Genus Bystropogon*. Planta Medica, 57: 347, 1991.
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ACETIC-ACID 5,000 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
JASMONE MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
LIMONENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625-2.5
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-5 mg/ml
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antibronchitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Anticancer
Chemicals (4)
BUTYRIC-ACID
DIOSMIN
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Anticancer (Pancreas)
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
Anticapillary-Fragility Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 300 mg/2x/day/woman
Anticarcinogenic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE MIC=>1,600 ug/ml
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
JASMONE MIC=800-1,600 ug/ml
TANNIN
Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Anticholinesterase
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=50-70
PULEGONE
Anticlastogen
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticonvulsant
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
AntiCVI
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Anticytotoxic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antidandruff A.L.L. Hunting. Encyclopedia of Shampoo Ingredients. Micelle Press, Cranford NJ. 467 pp.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidermatitic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antidermatotic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antidiarrheic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antidysenteric
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antieczemic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
Antiescherichic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=1.25 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiesophagitic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antifatigue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antifeedant Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (3)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE 500 ppm
LIMONENE
Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE
LIMONENE
Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antihelicobacter
Chemicals (1)
SABINENE
Antihemorrhoidal
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 450 mg 2x/day x7days then 1x/day x2months
Antihepatotoxic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
Chemicals (4)
DIOSMIN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
AntiHIV
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antihypertensive
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiichthyosic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiinflammatory Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 500 mg/kg
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE IC50=100 uM
DIOSMIN 600 mg/kg rat
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antilaryngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antileishmanic
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antileukotriene
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antilipolytic
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antilisteria
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=1.25 mg/ml
Antilithic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antilymphomic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimelanomic
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
GERANIOL IC50=150 uM/l
Antimetastatic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimetastatic (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antimetrorrhagic Fitoterapia No.55-1984.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
Chemicals (3)
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
TANNIN
Antinephritic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antineuralgic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antinitrosaminic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MYRCENE 10-20 mg/kg ipr mus
Antiobesity
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antioncychomycotic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Antioxidant
Chemicals (7)
DIOSMIN
ISOMENTHONE
LINALYL-ACETATE 400 ppm
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN IC50=1.44 ug/ml
Antiperiodic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiperoxidant
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antipharyngitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antiplaque
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antipneumonic
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Antipodagric
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiproliferant
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIOSMIN
Antiproliferative
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Antiprostaglandin
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antipruritic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Antipsoriac
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antipyretic
Chemicals (4)
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PULEGONE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiradicular
Chemicals (4)
DIOSMIN
ISOMENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
TANNIN 500 mg/kg/day orl mus
Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Antirheumatic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antirhinitic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antisalmonella
Chemicals (4)
ACETIC-ACID
GERANIOL MIC=400 ug/ml
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=5 mg/ml
Antiseborrheic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiseptic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
Chemicals (12)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE 1.5 x phenol
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIOL 7 x phenol
LIMONENE
MENTHOL 4 x phenol
MENTHONE 2.25 x phenol
METHYL-SALICYLATE
SABINENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antisinusitic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Antispasmodic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED50=0.197 mg/ml
LINALYL-ACETATE ED50=0.21 mg/ml
MENTHOL ED50=0.01 mg/ml
MENTHONE ED50=0.044 mg/ml
MYRCENE
Antistaphylococcic
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE 50 ppm
ALPHA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=0.625-2.5 mg/ml
Antistreptococcic
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHOL MIC=0.4 mg/ml
Antisyncopic
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Antitartar
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Antithromboxane
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Antitubercular
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Antitumor
Chemicals (7)
ALPHA-HUMULENE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Antitumor (Breast)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Colon)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Pancreas)
Chemicals (2)
GERANIOL IC50=265 uM
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Prostate)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor (Stomach)
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Antitumor-Promoter
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Antitussive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Antiulcer
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIOSMIN
SABINENE
TANNIN
Antivaginitic
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID 1-2%
MENTHOL
Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
DIPENTENE
LIMONENE
TANNIN
Antivulvitic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Apoptotic
Chemicals (2)
BUTYRIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Astringent Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Avifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Bradycardic Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 65 mg/3 x day/woman
Bronchomucolytic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchomucotropic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bronchoprotectant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Bronchorrheic Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID
Calcium-Antagonist
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN IC50=441 uM gpg (weak activity)
MENTHOL
Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
Chemicals (10)
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVONE
GERANIOL
JASMONE
LIMONENE
MENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
PULEGONE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Candidicide
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL MIC=0.625 mg/ml
MENTHONE MIC=2.5 mg/ml
PULEGONE
Candidistat
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LIMONENE
Carcinogenic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
TANNIN
Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHONE orl man
PULEGONE orl man
Chelator
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Chemopreventive
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
LIMONENE
MYRCENE
Choleretic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Cholesterolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Depressant
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE
GERANIOL
MENTHOL
Coleoptophile
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Comedolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
COMT-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 200-400 mg/kg ip
Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Counterirritant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
FORMIC-ACID
MENTHOL
METHYL-SALICYLATE
COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Culicide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (3)
DIOSMIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Cytoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Decongestant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 11 mg/man
Degranulant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 0.3 ul/ml
Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Dermatitigenic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOL
SALICYLIC-ACID
Detoxicant
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Diuretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Edemagenic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Embryotoxic
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL
Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL 3 x ipecac
Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE 80 mg/kg orl rat
Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
DIPENTENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (15)
1,8-CINEOLE FEMA 1-200
3-OCTANOL FEMA
ALPHA-PINENE FEMA 15-150
BETA-PINENE FEMA 15-600
CARVONE FEMA 80-3,000
CARYOPHYLLENE FEMA 20-200
FORMIC-ACID FEMA 500-2,500
GERANIOL FEMA 1-10
LIMONENE
LINALYL-ACETATE FEMA 2-15
MENTHONE FEMA 5-50
METHYL-SALICYLATE FEMA 70-8,000
MYRCENE FEMA 0.5-9
PIPERITONE FEMA 1-2
PULEGONE FEMA 5-30
Fungicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Chemicals (9)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL IC93=2 mM
MENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
PULEGONE
SALICYLIC-ACID MIC 1,000 ug/ml
Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Fungistat
Chemicals (3)
CARVONE
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Gastroprotective Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARYOPHYLLENE
Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Gram(+)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Gram(-)icide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
GST-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Hepatoprotective
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Hepatotonic
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hepatotoxic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
Chemicals (7)
1,8-CINEOLE IC50=78 uM
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=30 uM
BETA-PINENE
GERANIOL IC100-2,000 uM
LIMONENE IC50=45 uM
PIPERITONE IC50=30 mM
PULEGONE IC50=1.5 uM
Herpetifuge
Chemicals (1)
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Histaminic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Hypoglycemic
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
SALICYLIC-ACID
Hypotensive
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Hypothermic
Chemicals (1)
MYRCENE
Immunomodulator
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Immunosuppressant
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Inflammatory
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE inj
Insecticide
Chemicals (5)
ALPHA-PINENE 0.82 uM/fly
CARVONE
LIMONENE 0.37 uM/fly
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
PULEGONE
Insectifuge
Chemicals (13)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE 50 ppm
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL 50 ppm
LIMONENE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
PIPERITONE (> DEET)
PULEGONE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (4)
ALPHA-PINENE
GERANIOL
JASMONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (10)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
FORMIC-ACID
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
MYRCENE
Keratitigenic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Keratolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Larvicide
Chemicals (2)
CARYOPHYLLENE
MENTHONE LC50=156-194 mg/l
Lipolytic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
DIOSMIN
TANNIN
MAO-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
MDR-Inhibitor Critchfield, J. W., Welsh, C. J., Phang, J. M., Yeh, G. C. 1994. Modulation of Adriamycin Accumulation and Efflux by Flavonoids in HCT-15 Colon Cells. Activation of P-Glycoprotein as a Putative Mechanism. Biochem Pharmacol, 48(7): 1437-1445.
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN 100 uM
Mosquitocide
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (2)
CARVONE
LINALYL-ACETATE
Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Mutagenic
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Mycobactericide
Chemicals (1)
GERANIOL MIC=64 ug/ml
Myorelaxant
Chemicals (4)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE 50 mg/kg
MENTHOL
MYRCENE 100-200 mg/kg
Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
Chemicals (8)
1,8-CINEOLE
CARVONE MLC=1 mg/ml
GERANIOL IC86=100 ug/ml
JASMONE MLC=1 mg/ml
LIMONENE IC=100 ug/ml
MENTHOFURAN MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHOL MLC=1 mg/ml
MENTHONE MLC=1 mg/ml
Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
Chemicals (1)
BUTYRIC-ACID 880 ug/ml
Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL 40-100 mg/day/rat
Neurotoxic
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
PULEGONE
NO-Genic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
LIMONENE ~750 mg/kg (diet)
TANNIN
Osteolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Ozone-Scavenger
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Chemicals (2)
ALPHA-PINENE IC50=0.087 uM
MYRCENE IC50=0.14 uM
P450-Inducer
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
LIMONENE
P450-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Pediculicide
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE 2.3 x pyrethrin
Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Perfumery
Chemicals (19)
(+)-PULEGONE ZEB
3-OCTANOL
ACETIC-ACID FEMA 6,000-40,000 ppm
ALPHA-HUMULENE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
GERANIOL
JASMONE
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
PIPERITENONE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SABINENE
Peristaltic
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Pesticide
Chemicals (23)
1,8-CINEOLE
ACETIC-ACID
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
BUTYRIC-ACID
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
FORMIC-ACID
GERANIOL
GERMACRENE-D
JASMONE
LIMONENE
MENTHOFURAN
MENTHOL
MENTHONE
METHYL-SALICYLATE
MYRCENE
PIPERITONE
PULEGONE
SALICYLIC-ACID
TANNIN
TRANS-BETA-FARNESENE
Pheromone
Chemicals (1)
GERMACRENE-D
Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
Chemicals (1)
LIMONENE
Preservative Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (1)
FORMIC-ACID
Protisticide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Psychoactive
Chemicals (1)
MENTHONE
Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
Pulifuge
Chemicals (1)
PULEGONE
Pulmonotoxic
Chemicals (2)
MENTHOFURAN
PULEGONE
Radioprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Rubefacient
Chemicals (2)
1,8-CINEOLE
MENTHOL
Secretogogue
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
Chemicals (10)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
CARVONE
CARYOPHYLLENE
DIPENTENE
GERANIOL
LIMONENE ED=1-32 mg/kg
LINALYL-ACETATE
MENTHONE
PULEGONE
Spasmogenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Chemicals (3)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
Spermicide Martindale's 28th
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Surfactant
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Termiticide Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
Chemicals (1)
CARYOPHYLLENE
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
Chemicals (1)
1,8-CINEOLE
Thermogenic
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID 130 ppm
Tineacide Martindale's 29th
Chemicals (1)
SALICYLIC-ACID
Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
Chemicals (2)
FORMIC-ACID
PIPERITENONE 10,000/man
Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
Chemicals (1)
ALPHA-PINENE
Transdermal
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE
ALPHA-PINENE
BETA-PINENE
LIMONENE
MENTHOL
Trichomonicide
Chemicals (5)
1,8-CINEOLE LD100=1,000 ug/ml
CARVONE LD100=300 ug/ml
GERANIOL LD100=300 ug/ml
JASMONE LD100=200 ug/ml
MENTHONE LD100=600 ug/ml
Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
Chemicals (2)
ACETIC-ACID
SALICYLIC-ACID
Venoprotective
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Venotonic
Chemicals (1)
DIOSMIN
Vermicide
Chemicals (1)
CARVONE
Verrucolytic
Chemicals (1)
ACETIC-ACID
Vibriocide
Chemicals (1)
MENTHOL
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chemicals (1)
TANNIN
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.