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Activities: 501
Chemicals w/Activities: 47
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
4 TIN Root 9.0 40.0 2.39 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- 346800.0 1.26 Abstract (See species file)
24 GENTIANINE Root 6000.0 8000.0 1.0 *
39 NIACIN Root 13.0 61.0 0.31 *
65 MAGNESIUM Root 603.0 2740.0 0.09 *
28 CALCIUM Root 1791.0 8140.0 0.08 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.14 *
5 ALUMINUM Root 64.0 291.0 -0.16 *
31 THIAMIN Root -- 4.8 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Root 9.0 39.0 -0.19 *
60 SELENIUM Root 0.4 1.8 -0.23 *
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.3 1.3 -0.3 *
6 IRON Root 8.0 37.0 -0.39 *
15 RIBOFLAVIN Root 0.5 2.1 -0.43 *
1 SODIUM Root 9.0 41.0 -0.49 *
14 POTASSIUM Root 1929.0 8770.0 -0.51 *
2 COBALT Root 0.3 1.4 -0.51 *
14 MANGANESE Root 0.5 2.3 -0.52 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 40.0 183.0 -0.54 *
5 STARCH Root 35200.0 160000.0 -0.65 *
77 ZINC Root 0.6 2.9 -0.93 *
4 SWERTIAMARIN Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
9 SWEROSIDE Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
14 SUCROSE Root -- -- *
18 MANGIFERIN Plant -- -- Abstract (See species file)
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
21 LUPEOL Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
4 GENTIOPICROSIDE Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
37 CARVACROL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
2 ISOGENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Root -- -- *
19 INULIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
4 SILICON Root -- -- *
2 GENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
6 AMAROGENTIN Root 100.0 3300.0 *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
24 PECTIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
3 GENTISEIN Root -- -- *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Root -- -- *
11 NICOTINIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4 GENTIOPICRIN Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.