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Activities: 501
Chemicals w/Activities: 47
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 40.0 183.0 -0.54 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
77 ZINC Root 0.6 2.9 -0.93 *
65 MAGNESIUM Root 603.0 2740.0 0.09 *
60 SELENIUM Root 0.4 1.8 -0.23 *
60 LIMONENE Essential Oil -- 346800.0 1.26 Abstract (See species file)
53 BETA-CAROTENE Root 9.0 39.0 -0.19 *
53 LINALOOL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Root -- -- *
39 NIACIN Root 13.0 61.0 0.31 *
37 CARVACROL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
35 TANNIN Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
31 THIAMIN Root -- 4.8 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
28 CALCIUM Root 1791.0 8140.0 0.08 *
24 PECTIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
24 GENTIANINE Root 6000.0 8000.0 1.0 *
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.3 1.3 -0.3 *
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
21 LUPEOL Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
19 INULIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
18 MANGIFERIN Plant -- -- Abstract (See species file)
15 RIBOFLAVIN Root 0.5 2.1 -0.43 *
14 SUCROSE Root -- -- *
14 MANGANESE Root 0.5 2.3 -0.52 *
14 POTASSIUM Root 1929.0 8770.0 -0.51 *
11 NICOTINIC-ACID Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
9 SWEROSIDE Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
9 BETA-AMYRIN Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
8 GENTISIC-ACID Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
6 AMAROGENTIN Root 100.0 3300.0 *
6 SYRINGIC-ACID Root -- -- *
6 IRON Root 8.0 37.0 -0.39 *
5 ALUMINUM Root 64.0 291.0 -0.16 *
5 STARCH Root 35200.0 160000.0 -0.65 *
4 SILICON Root -- -- *
4 TIN Root 9.0 40.0 2.39 *
4 PHOSPHORUS Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.14 *
4 GENTIOPICRIN Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
4 SWERTIAMARIN Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
4 GENTIOPICROSIDE Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
3 GENTISEIN Root -- -- *
2 GENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
2 PHYTOSTEROLS Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
2 COBALT Root 0.3 1.4 -0.51 *
2 ISOGENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
1 SODIUM Root 9.0 41.0 -0.49 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.