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Activities: 501
Chemicals w/Activities: 47
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
23 ALPHA-TERPINEOL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
5 ALUMINUM Root 64.0 291.0 -0.16 *
6 AMAROGENTIN Root 100.0 3300.0 *
112 ASCORBIC-ACID Root 40.0 183.0 -0.54 *
9 BETA-AMYRIN Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
53 BETA-CAROTENE Root 9.0 39.0 -0.19 *
102 CAFFEIC-ACID Root -- -- *
28 CALCIUM Root 1791.0 8140.0 0.08 *
37 CARVACROL Essential Oil -- -- Abstract (See species file)
24 CHROMIUM Root 0.3 1.3 -0.3 *
2 COBALT Root 0.3 1.4 -0.51 *
24 GENTIANINE Root 6000.0 8000.0 1.0 *
4 GENTIOPICRIN Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
4 GENTIOPICROSIDE Root 11400.0 35000.0 *
3 GENTISEIN Root -- -- *
8 GENTISIC-ACID Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 GENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
19 INULIN Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
6 IRON Root 8.0 37.0 -0.39 *
2 ISOGENTISIN Root -- 380.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.