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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
15 LUTEIN Bulb -- 0.02 Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., Rojas-Hidalgo, E. 1992. Carotenoid Composition in Raw and Cooked Spanish Vegetables. J. Agr. Food Chem., 40(11): 2135-2140.
61 FERULIC-ACID Bulb -- 0.5 -1.0 *
61 FERULIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
7 CYCLOARTENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
2 DIMETHYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Jirovetz, L., Koch, H. P., Jager, W., Remberg, G. 1992. Investigations of German Onion Oil by GC-FID, GC-MS and GC-FTIR. Pharmazie, 47(6): 455-456.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Bulb -- -- Smocziewiczowa, A., Nitschke, D. 1978. Study of Saponins and Sapogenins in Onions. Zesz Nauk Akad Ekon Poznaniu Ser, 1(73): 40-43.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
22 CATECHOL Bulb -- -- Link, K. P., Walker, J. C. 1933. The Isolation of Catechol from Pigmented Onion Scales and its Significance in Relation to Disease Resistance in Onions. J. Biol. Chem., 100: 379-383.
1 TULIPOSIDE-A Root -- -- Slob, A., Jekel, B., De Jong, B., Schlatmann, E. 1975. On the Occurrence of Tuliposides in the Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry, 14: 1997-2005.
43 PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
28 ADENOSINE Bulb -- -- *
3 ENDOLYSIN Bulb -- 0.033 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
27 LINOLEIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
24 ETHANOL Bulb -- -- *
4 DIPROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
3 CYCLOALLIIN Bulb -- -- *
5 24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTANOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
3 ALLYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
1 RAFFINOSE Bulb -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
12 STIGMASTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.