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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
24 CHROMIUM Bulb 0.057 4.0 1.0 *
3 NICKEL Bulb 0.05 2.5 1.0 *
3 SILVER Bulb 0.038 0.054 *
3 NICKEL Seed 0.03 4.0 -0.14 *
3 CADMIUM Bulb 0.005 0.38 *
2 ARSENIC Bulb 0.002 0.076 *
60 SELENIUM Bulb 0.001 0.003 -1.0 *
2 COBALT Bulb 0.001 0.2 -1.0 *
53 BETA-CAROTENE Bulb -- 52.0 1.0 *
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- 40.0 Abstract (See species file)
176 QUERCETIN Bulb -- 48100.0 1.0 *
5 SAPONINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
24 ETHANOL Bulb -- -- *
3 XYLOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
12 PYROCATECHOL Bulb -- -- Hermann, K. 1958. Flavonols and Phenols of the Onion (Allium cepa). Arch. Pharm. (Weinheim), 291: 238-247.
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
3 ALLYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
24 PECTIN Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.