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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
13 CYSTEINE Bulb -- -- Ueda, Y., Taubuku, T., Miyajima, R. 1994. Composition of Sulfur-Containing Components in Onion and Their Flavor Characters. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 58(1): 108-110.
4 CIS-METHYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
64 OLEANOLIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
8 GLUTAMIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Thomas, D. J., Parkin, K. L. 1994. Quantification of Alk(en)yl-L-Cysteine Sulfoxides and Related Amino Acids in Alliums by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. J. Agr. Food Chem., 42(8): 1632-1638.
20 CHOLINE Bulb -- 830.0 Dakshinamurti, K. 1955. Choline Content of South Indian Foods. Curr. Sci., 24: 194-195.
2 QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Bulb -- 40.0 Abstract (See species file)
4 SPIRAEOSIDE Epidermis -- -- Ito, Y., Ono, M., Masuoka, C., Yahara, S., Nohara, T. 1995. Hyaluronidase Inhibitors of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Skin. Kyushu Tokai Daigaku Nogakubu Kiyo, 14: 43-48.
1 1-(METHYLSULFINYL)-PROPYL-METHYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
3 DI-N-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wilkens, W. F. 1962. The Isolation and Identification of the Lachrymogenic Compound of Onion. Diss. Abstr. Int. B, 22: 3978.
11 ISORHAMNETIN Bulb -- -- Park, Y. K., Lee, C. Y. 1996. Identification of Isorhamnetin 4'-Glucoside in Onions. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(1): 34-36.
3 CYCLOEUCALENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
9 SINAPIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
30 ANTHOCYANINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
7 GLUCOSE Leaf -- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.