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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
22 ISOQUERCITRIN Bulb -- -- Kiviranta, J., Huovinen, K., Hiltunen, R. 1986. Variation of Flavonoids in Allium cepa. Planta Medica, 6: 517-518.
7 CYCLOARTENOL Bulb -- -- Itoh, T., Tamura, T., Mitsuhashi, T., Matsumoto, T. 1977. Sterols of Liliaceae. Phytochemistry, 16: 140-141.
3 SILVER Bulb 0.038 0.054 *
2 ALLYLMETHYLSULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
10 ALPHA-AMYRIN Bulb -- -- Smocziewiczowa, A., Nitschke, D. 1978. Study of Saponins and Sapogenins in Onions. Zesz Nauk Akad Ekon Poznaniu Ser, 1(73): 40-43.
15 ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Bulb -- -- Ustunes, L., Claeys, M., Laekeman, G., Herman, A.G., Vlietinck, A.J., Ozer, A. 1985. Isolation and Identification of Two Isomeric Trihydroxy Octadecenoic Acids with Prostaglandin E-Like Activity from Onion Bulbs(Allium cepa). Prostaglandins, 29(5):847-865
1 CHOLESTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
22 CATECHOL Bulb -- -- Link, K. P., Walker, J. C. 1933. The Isolation of Catechol from Pigmented Onion Scales and its Significance in Relation to Disease Resistance in Onions. J. Biol. Chem., 100: 379-383.
1 PYRUVIC-ACID Fruit -- 1034.0 *
9 SINAPIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
24 ETHANOL Bulb -- -- *
3 MURAMIDASE Leaf -- 0.3 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
3 CYCLOALLIIN Bulb -- -- *
4 SILICON Bulb 1.0 75.0 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
2 ALLYL-METHYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- Wealth of India.
3 ALLYL-PROPYL-DISULFIDE Bulb -- -- *
16 P-CYMENE Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
3 XYLOSE Bulb -- -- Sinha, A. 1959. Chemical Examination of Allium cepa. I. Glycosidic and Sugar Fractions. Indian J. Appl. Chem., 22: 89-91.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.