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Activities: 780
Chemicals w/Activities: 214
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# Activity Chemical Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
4 TRANS-TRANS-5-ETHYL-4,6,7-TRITHIA-2,8-DECADIENE-4-S-OXIDE Bulb -- -- *
3 ABSCISSIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
12 PYROCATECHOL Bulb -- -- Hermann, K. 1958. Flavonols and Phenols of the Onion (Allium cepa). Arch. Pharm. (Weinheim), 291: 238-247.
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
15 MALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
2 CAMPESTEROL Seed -- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
7 FUMARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
6 TARTARIC-ACID Bulb -- -- *
3 MURAMIDASE Bulb -- 0.033 -1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
24 PECTIN Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
9 OXALIC-ACID Leaf -- -- Gad, S. S., Esmat El-Zalaki, M., Hohamed, M. S., Mohasseb, S. Z. 1982. Oxalate Content of Some Leafy Vegetables and Dry Legumes Consumed Widely in Egypt. Food Chem., 8(3): 169-177. (Coll. Agric. Alexandria Univ. Ale.)
5 SAPONINS Bulb -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
25 P-COUMARIC-ACID Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
26 DIALLYL-DISULFIDE Essential Oil -- -- Schultz, O. E., Mohrmann, H. L. 1965. Analysis of Constituents of Garlic Allium sativum. II. Gas Chromatography of Garlic Oil. Pharmazie, 20(7): 441-447.
75 KAEMPFEROL Bulb -- 2.0 *
24 CHROMIUM Seed -- 4.8 0.02 *
10 XYLITOL Bulb -- -- Counsell, J. N., Roberton, D. J. 1976. Xylitol-A Sweetener Which is Kind to the Teeth. Food Process Ind., 45(54): 24-26.
4 TRANS-N-PROPYLSULPHINOTHIOIC-ACID-S-1-PROPENYLESTER Bulb -- -- *
2 5-OCTYL-CYCLOPENTA-1,3-DIONE Bulb -- -- *
47 BETA-SITOSTEROL Seed Oil -- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.